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EEPIS

2012

Objectives

To understand how to analyze the strength

of the structures and materials in order to

make good design in engineering

Missions

To understand the resultant of force system

To understand the free body diagram and equilibrium eq.

To understand the types of structure

To determine the center of mass, inertial moment, and

center of force

To determine internal load

To understand the mechanical properties of material

To determine axial load, torque, bending moment, &

deformation

Logistics

Hibbeler, R C., 2004. Statics and Mechanics of

Materials, Prentice Hall, Inc

Merriam, J L, Kraige L G., 2002. Engineering

Mechanics Statics, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Hibbeler, R C., 2007. Engineering Mechanics

Statics, Prentice Hall, Inc

Hibbeler, R C, 2011, Mechanics of Materials,

Prentice Hall, Inc

Parameters

Teamwork is recommended

Mark:

Mid Exam : 25%

Final Exam : 40%

Assignment : 35%

Cheating is intolerable

1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF MATERIALS ?

1.2 THE FUNDAMENTALS CONCEPTS OF

DEFORMABLE-BODY MECHANICS

1.3 PROBLEM - SOLVING PROCEDURES

1.4 REVIEW OF STATIC EQUILIBRIUM ;

EQUILIBRIUM OF DEFORMABLE BODIES

1.5 PROBLEMS

1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF MATERIALS

Mechanics : branch of physical science concerned with the

condition of rest or motion of bodies due to forces

Statics : mechanics of bodies at rest

Dynamics : mechanics of bodies in motion

Statics and dynamics applied for particles and rigid bodies

Static and dynamics are also fundamental to mechanics of

materials

Mechanics of materials = strength of materials = mechanics of

solids = mechanics of deformable bodies

1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF

MATERIALS (Cont)

Deformable bodies is a solid that changes size and/or shape

due to loads or temperature applied

An example of a deformable body is the diving board

Diving board change size and/or shape due to the weight of the

diver

Deformation can be small, invisible to naked eyes

1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF

MATERIALS (Cont)

Statics can provide the reaction at A and B, if W, L

1

, L

2

are given

Mechanics of materials can answer to the following questions :

- W which would cause the diving board to break, and

where it would occur

- the relation of

C

and W

- would a taper board be better than constant thickness

- would fiber glass be preferable than aluminum

1.2 THE FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF

DEFORMABLE-BODY MECHANICS

Three fundamental concepts :

1. The equilibrium conditions must be satisfied

2. The geometry of deformation must be described

3. The material behavior (i.e. force-temperature-deformation

relationship) must be characterized

Equilibrium :

Principles of statics equations of equilibrium are fundamental

to the study of deformable body mechanics

Geometry of Deformation, including

Definition of extensional strain and shear strain

Simplification and idealization (e.g. rigid member, fixed support,

displacements are small)

Connectivity of members, or geometric compability

Boundary condition and other constraint

1.3 PROBLEM- SOLVING PROCEDURE

1. Select the system of interest

2. Reduce the real system to an idealized model

3. Convert the idealized model to a mathematical model

4. Perform a test to compare predicted responses to the behavior of

actual system

5. If prediction does not agree with prediction, make changes,

repeat step 1 - 4

Diving board deformable

Support rigid

Diving board BD rigid

Support deformable

FREE-BODY DIAGRAM (FBD)

Isolate body of interest (including from it supports)

Indicate all applied loads

Show unknown forces and couples at support or connection to

other bodies

Label significant points and include significant dimensions

SUPPORT REACTI ON AND

MEMBER CONNECTI ONS

A support gives reaction and also enforces constraint

1.4 REVIEW OF STATIC EQUILIBRIUM

Equation of equilibrium

F = 0

(M)

o

= 0

For a set of rectangular Cartesian axes, x, y, z

F

x

= 0 ( M

x

)

o

= 0

F

y

= 0 ( M

y

)

o

= 0

F

z

= 0 ( M

z

)

o

= 0

Statically determinate : number of unknown = number of

independent equilibrium equation

Statically indeterminate : number of unknown > number of

independent equilibrium equation

Redundant : can be removed without destroying the equilibrium

MATERIAL BEHAVIOR

Also termed constitutive behavior of materials: described the

material behavior (force-temperature-deformation relationships)

obtained by conducting experiments

EXTERNAL LOADS

Concentrated loads, including point forces (F) and couples (F.L)

Line loads (F/L)

Surface loads (F/L

2

)

Body forces (F/L

3

)

I NTERNAL RESULTANTS

Internal resultants : forces couples that are internal to the original

body

Internal resultants can be

obtained by virtually cutting

the structure at the interested

location

Six internal resultants

resulting from general

loading

S-3A Full Scale Static Test.

(http://www.voughtaircraft.com/ProdProg/qtls/testOps/StructuresTestLab/testHist.htm#fullScaleAir

S-3A Full Scale Static Test.

(http://www.voughtaircraft.com/ProdProg/qtls/testOps/StructuresTestLab/testHist.htm#fullScaleAir

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