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Engineering Mechanics Statics

EEPIS
2012
Objectives
To understand how to analyze the strength
of the structures and materials in order to
make good design in engineering
Missions
To understand the resultant of force system
To understand the free body diagram and equilibrium eq.
To understand the types of structure
To determine the center of mass, inertial moment, and
center of force
To determine internal load
To understand the mechanical properties of material
To determine axial load, torque, bending moment, &
deformation

Logistics
Hibbeler, R C., 2004. Statics and Mechanics of
Materials, Prentice Hall, Inc
Merriam, J L, Kraige L G., 2002. Engineering
Mechanics Statics, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Hibbeler, R C., 2007. Engineering Mechanics
Statics, Prentice Hall, Inc
Hibbeler, R C, 2011, Mechanics of Materials,
Prentice Hall, Inc

Parameters
Teamwork is recommended
Mark:
Mid Exam : 25%
Final Exam : 40%
Assignment : 35%
Cheating is intolerable
1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF MATERIALS ?
1.2 THE FUNDAMENTALS CONCEPTS OF
DEFORMABLE-BODY MECHANICS
1.3 PROBLEM - SOLVING PROCEDURES
1.4 REVIEW OF STATIC EQUILIBRIUM ;
EQUILIBRIUM OF DEFORMABLE BODIES
1.5 PROBLEMS
1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF MATERIALS
Mechanics : branch of physical science concerned with the
condition of rest or motion of bodies due to forces
Statics : mechanics of bodies at rest
Dynamics : mechanics of bodies in motion
Statics and dynamics applied for particles and rigid bodies
Static and dynamics are also fundamental to mechanics of
materials
Mechanics of materials = strength of materials = mechanics of
solids = mechanics of deformable bodies
1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF
MATERIALS (Cont)
Deformable bodies is a solid that changes size and/or shape
due to loads or temperature applied
An example of a deformable body is the diving board
Diving board change size and/or shape due to the weight of the
diver
Deformation can be small, invisible to naked eyes
1.1 WHAT IS MECHANICS OF
MATERIALS (Cont)
Statics can provide the reaction at A and B, if W, L
1
, L
2
are given
Mechanics of materials can answer to the following questions :
- W which would cause the diving board to break, and
where it would occur
- the relation of
C
and W
- would a taper board be better than constant thickness
- would fiber glass be preferable than aluminum
1.2 THE FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF
DEFORMABLE-BODY MECHANICS
Three fundamental concepts :
1. The equilibrium conditions must be satisfied
2. The geometry of deformation must be described
3. The material behavior (i.e. force-temperature-deformation
relationship) must be characterized
Equilibrium :
Principles of statics equations of equilibrium are fundamental
to the study of deformable body mechanics

Geometry of Deformation, including
Definition of extensional strain and shear strain
Simplification and idealization (e.g. rigid member, fixed support,
displacements are small)
Connectivity of members, or geometric compability
Boundary condition and other constraint
1.3 PROBLEM- SOLVING PROCEDURE
1. Select the system of interest
2. Reduce the real system to an idealized model
3. Convert the idealized model to a mathematical model
4. Perform a test to compare predicted responses to the behavior of
actual system
5. If prediction does not agree with prediction, make changes,
repeat step 1 - 4
Diving board deformable
Support rigid
Diving board BD rigid
Support deformable
FREE-BODY DIAGRAM (FBD)
Isolate body of interest (including from it supports)
Indicate all applied loads
Show unknown forces and couples at support or connection to
other bodies
Label significant points and include significant dimensions
SUPPORT REACTI ON AND
MEMBER CONNECTI ONS
A support gives reaction and also enforces constraint
1.4 REVIEW OF STATIC EQUILIBRIUM
Equation of equilibrium
F = 0
(M)
o
= 0
For a set of rectangular Cartesian axes, x, y, z
F
x
= 0 ( M
x
)
o
= 0
F
y
= 0 ( M
y
)
o
= 0
F
z
= 0 ( M
z
)
o
= 0
Statically determinate : number of unknown = number of
independent equilibrium equation
Statically indeterminate : number of unknown > number of
independent equilibrium equation
Redundant : can be removed without destroying the equilibrium
MATERIAL BEHAVIOR
Also termed constitutive behavior of materials: described the
material behavior (force-temperature-deformation relationships)
obtained by conducting experiments
EXTERNAL LOADS
Concentrated loads, including point forces (F) and couples (F.L)
Line loads (F/L)
Surface loads (F/L
2
)
Body forces (F/L
3
)
I NTERNAL RESULTANTS
Internal resultants : forces couples that are internal to the original
body
Internal resultants can be
obtained by virtually cutting
the structure at the interested
location
Six internal resultants
resulting from general
loading
S-3A Full Scale Static Test.
(http://www.voughtaircraft.com/ProdProg/qtls/testOps/StructuresTestLab/testHist.htm#fullScaleAir
S-3A Full Scale Static Test.
(http://www.voughtaircraft.com/ProdProg/qtls/testOps/StructuresTestLab/testHist.htm#fullScaleAir