13 views

Uploaded by Rahman Fatah

- Shear Strength Concrete Structures
- Japan.pdf
- ME_Sy_3031110025613_2
- Analytical Study on Behaviour of RC Deep Beam with Steel Shear Plate and without Steel Shear Plate
- Cantilever Slab Design
- Specifications for pumping units API 11E.pdf
- Prokon Tutorials
- Special Rc Frames
- Structural design reviewer
- tafiob
- Final Long Paper FIB2014
- R7220103 Strength of Materials - II
- ME 2254- COURSE PLAN 20121-13
- Strength of Materials
- Machanics of Materials
- Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Design to EC2
- 77-365-1-PB.pdf
- 381-12
- Engg Services Civil Engineering Subjective Paper 1 2009
- Symbols

You are on page 1of 34

Beam Design

Beam Design

Stress

Axial Stress

Strain

Factor of Safety

Bending Stress

Shear Stress

Beam Selection

Deflection

Evaluation and

Redesign

Beam Design

Beams are designed to safely support the

design loads.

Beams are primarily designed for bending and

shear.

Beam deflection must be checked.

Beams are sized to minimize material.

Deflection

Steps in Beam Design

1. Establish the design loads

2. Analyze the beam

3. Select the preliminary member

4. Evaluate the preliminary design

5. Redesign (if needed) Repeat the above

steps as necessary to achieve a safe and

efficient design

6. Design and detail the structural component

Stress

A measure of the magnitude of the internal

forces acting between particles of the member

resulting from external forces

Expressed as the average force per unit area

Force F

Stress

Area A

Axial Stress

Tension and compression

Axial stress represented by

Where F = applied force

A = cross sectional area resisting load

F

A

Axial Stress

Example: Find the tensile stress of a 2 in.

x 3 in. tension member subjected to a 45

kip axial load.

Strain

The change in size or shape of a material

caused by the application of external

forces

Axial strain,

Where = change in length

L = original length

L

L

Strain

Example: Calculate the strain if a 16 ft

long structural member elongates 1.5 in.

when subjected to a tensile load of 67

kips.

Stress and Strain

In many materials, stress is directly related

to strain up to a certain point.

Rise

Run

E

Elastic behavior material will return to its

original shape when unloaded

Plastic behavior material will retain some

deformation when unloaded

Structural members

are designed to act

elastically during the

service life of a

building

Yield Point

Factor of Safety

The ratio of the maximum safe load to the

maximum allowable design load

Magnitude of the factor of safety varies

depending on the loading conditions and

type of forces induced

Allowable Strength Design (ASD)

Strength is related to stress

Strength indicates internal force

Stress indicates internal force per unit area

ASD limits the maximum internal force

within a structural member

Maximum safe load = nominal strength

Internal force that causes yielding across the

entire cross section

Maximum allowable load = allowable

strength

Allowable Strength Design (ASD)

Where = factor of safety

= nominal strength

= internal force due to design loads

= allowable strength

OR

Where = 1.67 = factor of safety for bending

= nominal bending moment strength

= internal bending moment due to design loads

= allowable bending strength

Allowable Bending Strength

OR

Nominal Bending Strength

Where = yield stress of steel

= plastic section modulus

NOTE: We will assume that every beam and girder is laterally

supported along its length so that it will not buckle under loading. If a

beam is not laterally supported, buckling must be checked.

Plastic Section Modulus, Z

Section property

Indicates the moment

carrying capacity of a

member

Available in tabular form in

design manuals

http://www.structural-drafting-net-expert.com/

I-shaped members are

excellent choices for beams

Structural steel wide flange

Designation W

Example: W12 x 58

Stronger when bending

about the x x axis, Z

x

Plastic Section Modulus, Z

Flange

Flange

Web

Where = 1.5 = factor of safety for shear

= nominal shear strength

= internal shear force due to design loads

= allowable shear strength

Allowable Shear Strength

OR

Nominal Shear Strength

Where = nominal shear strength

= yield stress of steel

A

w

= area of the web

Beam Deflection

Deflection limit supporting plaster ceilings

L/240 for Dead + Live Loads

L/360 of Live Load

Deflection limit supporting non-plaster ceilings

L/180 for Dead + Live Loads

L/240 of Live Load

WHY?

Ceiling cracks in plaster

Roof ponding (flat roofs)

Visual or psychological reasons

Designers judgment

Beam Selection Process

Select beam based on bending moment

Check shear strength

Check deflection

Revise beam selection as necessary

Beam Design Example

Choose the lightest wide flange steel section

available to support a live load of 790 plf and

a dead load of 300 plf over a simple span of

18 feet. Assume the beam will support a

plaster ceiling. Use F

y

= 50 ksi.

Beam Design Example

Max Shear

Max Bending Moment

Bending Strength

Select beam based on bending.

where

= 1.67

2

73 722 12

50 000 1

x

lb

in

, ft lb in.

Z

, ft

Bending Strength

Since

W10 x 17 works Z

x

= 18.7 in.

3

> 17.7 in.

3

But a W 12 x 16 weighs less with Z

x

= 20.1 in.

3

> 17.7 in.

3

3

in .

x

Z 17 7

Shear Strength

Check shear strength.

where

Shear Strength

Since and

W12 x 16 works

For a W 12 x 16

d = 11.99 in. t

w

=0.220 in.

79,134 lb 14,715 lb

Check Deflection

Deflection limit supporting plaster ceilings

L/240 for Dead + Live Loads

L/360 of Live Load

Check Deflection

Maximum deflection due to design loads

Dead + Live Load Deflection

W 12 x 16 will work

Check Deflection

Maximum deflection due to design loads

Live Load Deflection

W 12 x 16 will not work

Evaluation and Redesign

Check Deflection

Try W 12 x 19

Dead + Live Deflection

W 12 x 19 OK

Evaluation and Redesign

Check Shear and Bending Moment

By inspection, the plastic section modulus

and web area for the W12 x 19 are larger

than those for the W12 x 16 and are

therefore sufficient to safely support the

bending moment and shear.

Use a W12 X 19

Beam Design

Beam Design

Stress

Axial Stress

Strain

Factor of Safety

Bending Stress

Shear Stress

Beam Selection

Deflection

Evaluation and

Redesign

- Shear Strength Concrete StructuresUploaded bymmendez113
- Japan.pdfUploaded byraghuveer11
- ME_Sy_3031110025613_2Uploaded byneerajvidisha
- Analytical Study on Behaviour of RC Deep Beam with Steel Shear Plate and without Steel Shear PlateUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Cantilever Slab DesignUploaded bySarah Huff
- Specifications for pumping units API 11E.pdfUploaded byarturok1992
- Prokon TutorialsUploaded byAhmed Faraz
- Special Rc FramesUploaded bysancloud
- Structural design reviewerUploaded byJohn Irvin Norberto
- tafiobUploaded byjpkedah
- Final Long Paper FIB2014Uploaded byMatheus L. G. Marquesi
- R7220103 Strength of Materials - IIUploaded bysivabharathamurthy
- ME 2254- COURSE PLAN 20121-13Uploaded bynarayananx5
- Strength of MaterialsUploaded byEr Mahendra Keshri
- Machanics of MaterialsUploaded bynveman
- Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Design to EC2Uploaded byFrankie Chan
- 77-365-1-PB.pdfUploaded byandysupa
- 381-12Uploaded bydghfhh444t5566gfg
- Engg Services Civil Engineering Subjective Paper 1 2009Uploaded bySudharsananPRS
- SymbolsUploaded byGema Tigit
- 1504-flexural-capacity-of-the-encasedslim-floor-composite-beam-with-deep-deck-plate.pdfUploaded byJoseph Tuzon
- BridgeSuperstructureDesignUploaded byAlket Dhami
- Evaluation of FEMA 356 models for RC Columns and JointsUploaded byVenkata Hareen Cherukuri
- WSD & USDUploaded byasmjewel
- 2003- Orthotropic Modelling of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction InUploaded byArthur Leandro
- IntroUploaded byMelmar Jangerald Sabio
- lec40Uploaded byprabhaakar
- Size Effect on Shear Behavior of High Strength Rc Slender BeamsUploaded byesatjournals
- C702Uploaded bykunjal_radia
- IS800-8BeamUploaded byJSP Sudipta Sekh

- review sipil.docxUploaded byRahman Fatah
- Review SipilUploaded byRahman Fatah
- PBI 1971Uploaded byBagus Prahutdi
- The Review of Seismic DesignUploaded byRahman Fatah
- FAQ Progam Fiestapoin XXIUploaded byAdhit Fakhri
- 1. Solar Powered Automatic Boat for Sedimentation MeasurementUploaded byRahman Fatah
- 4-2-4Uploaded byLauren Bowen
- Getting StartedUploaded byXenogenic Medusa
- CoverUploaded byRahman Fatah
- BAB I co2Uploaded byRahman Fatah
- BAB I co2Uploaded byRahman Fatah
- pnpmUploaded byRiza Umam
- NewAge_Silicone_Catalog.pdfUploaded byRahman Fatah
- Debit]Uploaded byRahman Fatah
- Bn i Airlines ReceiptUploaded byRahman Fatah

- How is Unit Price Populated on an Internal Requisition for a Process Enabled OrgUploaded byimanwerhussain
- Hull Optimization of DolnetterUploaded byNikhil Ambattuparambil Gopi
- Cable Schedule Rsp BvUploaded bykoushik42000
- Gas-Constant.pdfUploaded byjuli ahmad
- Cap 6 InUploaded bymcicf
- rmofsamsung-151025134644-lva1-app6891Uploaded byHiren Valera
- Photo Initiators for UV CuringUploaded bysimonleighuk
- Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms in a SVR-based Electric Load Forecasting ModelUploaded byEren Kocbey
- Operator Manual HGJAD-E, Commercial QG, 5.5-7 KW Aug 16, 2016Uploaded byAnonymous wBoLqkF
- Nitobond SBR(Latex)Uploaded bySamarakoon Banda
- AlkalinityBackgroundUploaded byFaraz
- EASA TCDS P.094 MT Propeller Entwicklung GmbH MTV 6 Series Propellers 02 29082008Uploaded by최민수
- CHENJIUploaded byHemanth
- Renold Sugar Chain 1007Uploaded byOmar Ahmed Elkhalil
- Chapter 10 Respiration - Lecture NotesUploaded byapi-3728508
- Enhanced oil recovery using polymer.pptxUploaded bykalpak jadhav
- Ultrasonic Transmitter and ReceiverUploaded byArun Mose
- Discrete Fourier TransformUploaded byvishwanath c
- Relative Positive AccelerationUploaded byajayrana424
- WaveletSupplementalLongUploaded bydivasagar
- Bioprocess Technology iUploaded byAnonymous S6jmQXHY
- fCV - Joshua Ern S. Dacurro (2)dUploaded byjoshdax2
- eMan-Heat Recovery From Air Compressors, GPG 238Uploaded byMoly69x
- Microservices Iot and AzureUploaded byVijay Reddy
- Open Access in GujaratUploaded byJoshi Dhvanit
- Versi-OILUploaded byAlcides Llanque Choque
- Refresher Notes_Compiled SubjectsUploaded byIvy Joy Campos
- Test 07Uploaded bykumarnpcc
- ISEL Anuario Cientifico 2006Uploaded byCelso Monteiro
- Perhitungan_Halvard.xlsxUploaded byKun Aang