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March 29, 2011

NCR Conference
Room
For individuals, the performance of this
responsibility requires:
The State recognizes the role of
women in nation building and shall
promote the fundamental equality
before the law of women and men
(Art. II, Sec. 14)
GOAL 3: Promote
gender equality and
empower women
GOAL 5: Improve
maternal health
Strategic actions to realize womens
advancement in 12 areas:

- poverty - education and training
- health - violence against women
- armed conflict - institutional mechanisms
- human rights - power and decision making
- media - economy
- environment - girl child
If u TREAT him nicely, he says u are IN LOVE
with him;
If u Don't, he says u are PROUD.

If u DRESS Nicely, he says u are trying to LURE
him;
If u Don't, he says u are from VILLAGE.

If u ARGUE with him, he says u are STUBBORN
;
If u keep QUIET, he says u have no BRAINS .


If u are SMARTER than him, he'll lose FACE;
If he's Smarter than u, he is GREAT.

If u don't Love him, he tries to POSSESS u;
If u Love him! , he will try to LEAVE u.(very
true huh?)

If u don't MAKE LOVE with him., he says u
DON'T LOVE him;
If u DO!! He says u are CHEAP.


If u tell him your PROBLEM, he says u are
TROUBLESOME;
If u DON'T, he says that u don't TRUST him.

If u SCOLD him, u are like a NANNY to him;
If he SCOLDS u, it is because he CARES for u.

If u BREAK your PROMISE, u Cannot be
TRUSTED;
If he BREAKS his, he is FORCED to do so.


If u SMOKE, u are BAD girl;
If he SMOKES, he is GENTLEMAN.

If u do WELL in your exams, he says
it's LUCK;
If he does WELL, it's BRAIN.

If u HURT him, u are CRUEL;
If he HURTS u, u are too SENSITIVE!!
Differentiate sex
from gender

Differentiate
characteristics and
roles attributed to
men and women
FINISHED FILES ARE THE
RESULT OF YEARS OF
SCIENTIFIC STUDY
COMBINED WITH THE
EXPERIENCE OF YEARS.
Sometimes it is
hard to understand
exactly what is
meant by the term
"gender", and how
it differs from the
closely related
term "sex".
refers to the
biological and
physiological
characteristics
that define men
and women.

SEX
SEX
SEX
S E X
S
E
X
S
E
X
X
E
S
EXs



refers to the
socially
constructed roles,
behaviours,
activities, and
attributes that a
given society
considers
appropriate for
men and women.
"Gender"
GENDER is often confused with
SEX, but they are different
SEX refers to natural biological
attributes of women and men;
unchanging and universal

GENDER refers to characteristics,
roles, beliefs, perceptions,
attitudes and other factors
attributed to women and men
by society




"masculine"
and "feminine"
are gender
categories.
"Male" and
"female" are
sex categories
GENDER ROLES
1. May differ from
society to society.
2. Can change with
history.
3. Can be performed
by both sexes.
4. They are socially,
culturally
determined.
SEX ROLES
1. Same in all societies:
they are
universal, e.g., it is only
women who give birth
to children all over
the world.
2. Never change with
history
3. Can be performed by
only one the sexes.
4. They are biologically
determined.
Gender Stereotypes associated with Men:
Aggressive
Assertive
Dominating
No Emotions
Loud
Messy
Athletic
Math and Science Oriented
CEO
Money Maker

Gender Stereotypes associated with Women:
Weak
Fragile
Submissive
Emotional
Quiet
Neat/Clean
Clumsy
Artsy
Housewife
Child rearing



Women menstruate while men do not
Men have testicles while women do not
Women have developed breasts that are
usually capable of lactating, while men
have not
Men generally have more massive
bones than women

In the United States (and most other
countries), women earn significantly
less money than men for similar work
In Viet Nam, many more men than
women smoke, as female smoking has
not traditionally been considered
appropriate
In Saudi Arabia men are allowed to
drive cars while women are not
In most of the world, women do more
housework than men

A bagpiper in Scottish
military clan-uniform. In
many parts of the
Western world, wearing
a skirt may be
unacceptable as part of
a male gender role; but
in Scotland, the kilt (a
kind of skirt) is integral
to traditional
masculinity
During World
War II, women
filled job
positions some
of which would
otherwise be
male dominated.

1. Women give birth to babies, men do not.
(S/G)
2. Little girls are gentle, boys are tough. (S/G)
3. In one case, when a child brought up as a
girl learned that he was actually a boy, his
school marks improved dramatically. (S/G)
4. Amongst Indian agricultura l workers,
women are paid 40-60 per cent of the male
wage. (S/G)
5. Women can breast-feed babies, men can
bottle-feed babies. (S/G)
6. Most building-site workers in Britain are men.
(S/G)
7. In Ancient Egypt, men stayed at home and did
weaving. Women handled family business. Women
inherited property and men did not. (S/G)
8. Mens voices break at puberty, womens do not.
(S/G)
9. In one study of 224 cultures, there were 5 in which
men did all the cooking, and 36 in which women did
all the house building. (S/G)
10. According to UN statistics, women do 67 per cent
of the worlds work, yet their earnings amount to
only 10 per cent of the worlds income. (S/G)
1. Women give birth to babies, men do not. (S)
2. Little girls are gentle, boys are tough. (G)
3. In one case, when a child brought up as a girl learned that he was actually
a boy,
his school marks improved dramatically. (G)
4. Amongst Indian agricultural workers, women are paid 40-60 per cent of
the male
wage. (G)
5. Women can breast-feed babies, men can bottle-feed babies. (S)
6. Most building-site workers in Britain are men. (G)
7. In Ancient Egypt, men stayed at home and did weaving. Women handled
family
business. Women inherited property and men did not. (G)
8. Mens voices break at puberty, womens do not. (S)
9. In one study of 224 cultures, there were 5 in which men did all the
cooking, and
36 in which women did all the house building. (G)
10. According to UN statistics, women do 67 per cent of the worlds work,
yet their
earnings amount to only 10 per cent of the worlds income. (G)

What is your job?, asked the doctor.
I am a farmer, replied Mr. Moyo.

Have you any children?, the doctor asked.
God has not been good to me. Of 15 born,
only 9 are alive, Mr. Moyo answered.

Does your wife work?
No, she stays at home.
I see. How does she spend her day?

Well, she gets up at four in the morning, fetches
water and wood, makes the fire, cooks breakfast,
and cleans the home. Then she goes to the river
and washes clothes. Once a week she walks to
the grinding mill. After that she goes to the
township with the two smallest children, where
she sells tomatoes by the road side while she
knits. She buys what she wants from the shops.
Then she cooks the midday meal.
You come home at midday?

No, no, she brings the meal to me about three kilometers away.

And after that?
She stays in the field to do the weeding, and then goes to the
vegetable garden to
water.

What do you do?
I go and discuss business and drink with the men in the village.

And after that?
I go home for supper which my wife has prepared.
Does she go to bed after supper?

No, I do. She has things to do around the house
until 9 or 10.

But I thought you said your wife doesnt work.

Of course she doesnt work. I told you she stays
at home.

(Source: Presented by the Women and Development Sub-committee Ministry of Community Development and
Community Affairs, Zimbabwe, to Womens Regional Ecumenical Workshop, 26 June - 6 July 1989, Harare, Zimbabwe.)




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For individuals, the performance of this
responsibility requires:
THANK YOU.