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1 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting

Notebook Power System


Introduction & Troubleshooting
PE
Mike Lee
03/29/2004
2 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
Target audience
All electrical engineers such as:
PE, TE, FAE, CSD
Pre-requisite
Electronic circuits
Digital logic circuits
Multi-meter used
Course content
Power system & Sequence
Troubleshooting()
Would not introduce
Power transfer principle ( PWM-Plus
width Modulation & LDO Low Drop-Out regulator )
Charger
After this course, you will
Know how to debug no power problems
Who should attend this e-Learning
3 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1.1 NB power system introduction
1.2 Power sequence and control


2.1 Power budget() block diagram
2.2 NB power application
2.3 Multipower device


3.1 No power debug notice & sequence
3.2 DCBATOUT short() to GND
3.2 S5 Power No Good
3.3 Power on logic No Good
Outline() :
1. Power system architecture :
3. No power debug :
2. Power plan introduction :
Outline
4 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
As we know, notebook power is provided by adaptors
(19V) or batteries (14.8V ). However, the various()
power voltages do not fit() all devices in a notebook unit.
So a series of voltage transfer actions are needed to provide
power to all devices. (Problems may arise() during the
voltage transfer.)
As notebook is a portable computer, saving power is also
very important when the system is in battery mode.
In this lesson, we will use the Yuhina power circuit to
introduce the notebook power system.
Foreword :
Foreword
5 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1.1 NB (Yuhina) power system : AUX Power
PWM

Charger
P-MOS
SI4425

P-MOS
SI4425

PWM
MAX1999


PWM
MAX1715

AD+
BT+
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
5V_S5
Max1999_LDO5
5V_AUX_S5
+5V_UP_S5
3D3V_S5
DCBATOUT
N-MOS
FD9412
LDO
G913C
5V_S3
3D3V_S3
5V_S0
3D3V_S0
3D3V_LAN_S5
1D5V_S5
2D5V_S3
2D5V_S0
LDO
G913C
1D25V_S0
S5 Power S3 Power
S0 Power


PWM
MAX1546

VCC_CORE_S0
1D5V_S0
1
4
3
2
1
6
6
5
7
6
4
7
7
5
1.Power system architecture 1 of 4

6 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1.1 NB (Yuhina) power system : S5 Power
PWM
MAX1645
Charger
P-MOS
SI4425

P-MOS
SI4425

PWM
MAX1999


PWM
MAX1715

AD+
BT+
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
5V_S5
Max1999_LDO5
5V_AUX_S5
+5V_UP_S5
3D3V_S5
DCBATOUT
N-MOS
FD9412
LDO
G913C
5V_S3
3D3V_S3
5V_S0
3D3V_S0
3D3V_LAN_S5
1D5V_S5
2D5V_S3
2D5V_S0
LDO
G913C
1D25V_S0
S5 Power S3 Power S0 Power


PWM
MAX1546

VCC_CORE_S0
1D5V_S0
1
4
3
2
1
6
6
5
7
6
4
7
7
5
1.Power system architecture 2 of 4
7 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1.1 NB (Yuhina) power system : S3 Power
PWM
MAX1645
Charger
P-MOS
SI4425

P-MOS
SI4425

PWM
MAX1999


PWM
MAX1715

AD+
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
5V_S5
Max1999_LDO5
5V_AUX_S5
+5V_UP_S5
3D3V_S5
DCBATOUT
N-MOS
FD9412
LDO
G913C
5V_S3
3D3V_S3
5V_S0
3D3V_S0
3D3V_LAN_S5
1D5V_S5
2D5V_S3
2D5V_S0
LDO
G913C
1D25V_S0
S5 Power S3 Power S0 Power


PWM
MAX1546

1D5V_S0
1
4
3
2
1
6
6
5
7
6
4
7
7
5
BT+
1.Power system architecture 3 of 4

8 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
PWM
MAX1645
Charger
P-MOS
SI4425

P-MOS
SI4425

PWM
MAX1999


PWM
MAX1715

AD+
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
5V_S5
Max1999_LDO5
5V_AUX_S5
+5V_UP_S5
3D3V_S5
DCBATOUT
N-MOS
FD9412
LDO
G913C
5V_S3
3D3V_S3
5V_S0
3D3V_S0
3D3V_LAN_S5
1D5V_S5
2D5V_S3
2D5V_S0
LDO
G913C
1D25V_S0
S5 Power S3 Power S0 Power


PWM
MAX1546

1D5V_S0
1
4
3
2
1
6
6
5
7
6
4
7
7
5
BT+
1.1 NB (Yuhina) power system : S0 Power
1.Power system architecture 4 of 4
9 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting

Why do we need to differentiate power type among(...) AUX,S5,
S3,S0 ?How do we control them ?

Here is the answer:
AUX Power : For power button use , it is turned on with battery only
before you press the power button .

S5 Power : For power button & wake on LAN use , it is turned on
with adapter before you press the power button .

S3 Power : For stand_by mode use , it is turned on with South bridge
PM_SLP_S3# after you press the power button .

S0 Power : For normal mode use , it is turned on with South bridge -
PM_SLP_S4# after you press the power button .

1.2 Power sequence and control
10 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
AUX
Power
S5
Power
S3
Power
S0
Power
BAT only
AD+
or
AUX_S5
3D3V_S5
1D5V_S5
DCBATOUT
AC_IN PM_SLP_S4#
PM_SLP_S3#
5V_S3
3D3V_S3
2D5V_S3

5V_S0
3D3V_S0
2D5V_S0
1D25V_S0
Vco_S0

For power button use
For stand_by
mode use
For normal mode use
For power button &
wake on LAN use
Block Diagram :
11 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
U31
MAX1999EEI
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
7
1
8
19
2
0
21 22
23
24
2
5
26
27
28
NC
PGOOD
ON3
ON5
ILIM3
SHDN#
FB3
REF
FB5
PRO#
ILIM5
SKIP#
TON
BST5
LX5
DH5
V
C
C
L
D
O
5
DL5
V
+
OUT5 OUT3
GND
DL3
L
D
O
3
DH3
LX3
BST3
MAX1999_LDO5 = 5V_S5
30mA MAX.
MAX1999_LDO3
DCBATOUT


a. When the battery or adaptor is
plugged-in(), DCBATOUT will
input the power into MAX1999 pin
20_V+ , and pin 18 LDO5 will
provide the 5V_AUX_S5 power .

c. The 5V_AUX_S5 is never off when
MAX1999 is working, unless
something goes wrong with
MAX1999 .

b. The AUX power is used on
power on logic & South Bridge.
As it is battery only, the leakage
current must be as little as possible.
In general, it is about 5~6 mA.
1.2.1 AUX_Power
12 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
The AC_IN signal was pulled hi when Adaptor was inserted .
Power on logic will output MAX1999_SD hi to trigger 3D3V_S5.
As a result, when Adaptor is inserted but power button has yet been
pressed,the S5_power will be turned on first .
M1631_EN
G
S
D
Q51
2N7002
1
2
3
5V_AUX_S5
100KR3
1
2
U36C
TSAHCT32
9
10
8
1
4
7
5V_AUX_S5
R471
100KR3
1
2
5V_AUX_S5
5V_S5
AC_IN
BL3#
R267
10KR3
1
2
MAX1999_SD_3
R481
10KR3
1 2
R314
100KR3
1
2
5V_AUX_S5
U51
NC7SZ08-U
1
2
3 4
5
A
B
GND Y
VCC
U50C
TSAHCT14
5 6
1
4
7
PWRBTN_74
Hi
Hi
Hi
Hi
Low
a. Circuit operation Power on logic :
1
1
2
2
1.2.2 S5_Power
13 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting


MAX1999_LX3_1
MAX1999_LX3
C627
SC47P50V2JN
1
2
R608
220KR3
1
2
PM_SLP_S4# 14,15,36,37
MAX1999_SHDN#
R300
DUMMY-10KR3
1 2
3D3V_DC_S5
MAX1999_VCC
MAX1999_LDO3
3D3V 3.8A/6.9A
R304 0R3-U
1 2
MAX1999_DL3
MAX1999_ON5
U31
MAX1999EEI
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
7
1
8
19
2
0
21 22
23
24
2
5
26
27
28
NC
PGOOD
ON3
ON5
ILIM3
SHDN#
FB3
REF
FB5
PRO#
ILIM5
SKIP#
TON
BST5
LX5
DH5
V
C
C
L
D
O
5
DL5
V
+
OUT5 OUT3
GND
DL3
L
D
O
3
DH3
LX3
BST3
MAX1999_SD_3
C
6
2
2
S
C
D
1
U
2
5
V
3
K
X
1
2
MAX1999_FB3
R590
2MR3
1
2
C
1
9
8
S
C
4
D
7
U
2
5
V
6
K
X
1
2
L21
IND-4D7UH-16
68.4R71B.101
1 2
C236
SCD22U10V3KX
C194
SCD1U25V3KX
1
2
MAX1999_TON
R575
1KR3
1
2
C
6
3
6
S
C
1
0
0
P
5
0
V
2
J
N
1
2
MAX1999_DH3
MAX1999_BST3_1
DCBATOUT
MAX1999_REF
R
6
0
4
1
0
K
R
3
F
1
2
Q22
SI4834DY
1
8
2
765
43
R
5
9
8
6
K
6
5
R
3
F
1
2
T
C
3
0
S
T
1
0
0
U
4
V
B
M
1
2
When MAX1999 Pin 3(ON3) pull hi, the 3D3V_S5 will be turn on.
b. Circuit operation 3D3V_S5 :
14 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
When AC_IN is HI,
The MOS-U13 will be turned on, and 3D3V_LAN_S5 will be generated.
This power is for wake on LAN function.
The 1D5V_S5 LDO power will be turned on by 3D3V_S5 .
This power is for south bridge for wake on LAN usage .
Because adaptor power was inserted already, the Battery leakage current is not
a concern now
C593
C172
SC20P
R540
12K4R3D
1
2
R546
60K4R3F
1
2
3D3V_S5
I max =120 mA
1D5V_S5
C176
U24
G913C-U
1
2
3 4
5
SHDN#
GND
IN OUT
SET
DCBATOUT
S S S G
DDDDU13
FDS9412
1 2 3 4
5678
3D3V_LAN_S5
R105
10KR3
1 2
LAN Power
G
S
D
Q10
2N7002
1
2
3
U14
NC7SZ32-U
1
2
3 4
5
A
B
GND Y
VCC
3D3V_S5
BC27
PM_SLP_S3#
R101 1KR3
1 2
3D3V_S5
R107
330KR3
1 2
R95
330KR3
1
2
D3
RLZ12B
1
2
AC_IN
Q11
TP0610T
1 2
3
1D5V_S5 LDO
Hi
Hi
Hi
Low
1
2
1
2
3
3
c. Circuit operation LAN & 1D5V_S5 power :

15 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
When the power button was pressed, south bridge will pull hi the
PM_SLP_S4#, and 5V_S3 power will be generated .
MAX1999_VCC
R263
0R3-U
1
2
C
6
2
6
S
C
D
1
U
1
6
V
3
K
X
1
2
MAX1999_ILIM3
MAX1999_ILIM5
R280
0R3-U
1 2
MAX1999_PGD
R286
2MR3
1
2
R581
0R3-U
1
2
MAX1999_BST3_1
R266
100KR3
1 2
C
2
1
1
S
C
4
D
7
U
2
5
V
6
K
X
1
2
C
6
4
1
1
2
MAX1999_LX5_1
T
C
3
3
1
2
MAX1999_LDO5
MAX1999_ILIM5_3
C251
SC47P50V2JN
1
2
BC46
1
2
S S S G
DDDDU29
SI4800
1 2 3 4
5678
MAX1999_SD_3
R
6
1
0
9
K
7
6
R
3
F
1
2
MAX1999_DL5
R
2
6
0
2
4
K
R
3
1
2
SB
R
2
7
7
1
8
K
R
3
F
1
2
L24
IND-5D6UH-6-U
1 2
U31
MAX1999EEI
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
7
1
8
19
2
0
21 22
23
24
2
5
26
27
28
NC
PGOOD
ON3
ON5
ILIM3
SHDN#
FB3
REF
FB5
PRO#
ILIM5
SKIP#
TON
BST5
LX5
DH5
V
C
C
L
D
O
5
DL5
V
+
OUT5 OUT3
GND
DL3
L
D
O
3
DH3
LX3
BST3
R580
10KR3
1 2
R
6
0
7
1
5
K
R
3
F
1
2
DCBATOUT
C240
1
2
U33
SI4892DY 1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
S S S G
D D D D
PM_SLP_S4#
MAX1999_BST5_1
MAX1999_DH5
MAX1999_FB5
5V_S3
MAX1999_ON5
MAX1999_LX5
MAX1999_FB5
1.2.3 S3_Power
a. Circuit operation 5V_S3 :
1.2.3 S3_Power

16 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
3D3V_S3 power is generated by U25 N-MOS from 3D3V_S5 when
PM_SLP_S4# is hi .
C281
SCD1U50V5KX
G
S
D
Q53
2N7002
1
2
3
Q32
TP0610T
1 2
3
3D3V_S5
R315
1KR3
1
2
3D3V_S3
S
S
S
GD
D
D
D
U25
FDS9412
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
R305
10KR3
1 2
DCBATOUT
R302
330KR3
1
2
PM_SLP_S4#
D19
RLZ12B
1
2
R311
330KR3
1 2
Hi
Hi
Low
b. Circuit operation 3D3V_S3 :

17 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
When 5V_S3 power was building, MAX1715 pin 11 is pulled hi, and
2D5V_S3 will be turned on .
M1715BST2
R591 0R3-0-U
1 2
D45
SSM24L
2
1
C208
1
2
R582 0R3-0-U
1 2
PM_SLP_S3#
2D5V_S3
M1715LX2
R249 10R3
1 2
S S S G
DDDDU65
SI4800
1 2 3 4
5678
R577 0R3-0-U
1 2
R555 0R3-0-U
1 2
C207
SCD1U25V3KX
1
2
M1715DL2
U61
MAX1715EEI-U2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
0
1
1
12
13
14
2
8
27
26
25
24
2
3
22
2
1
2
0
19
18
17
16
1
5
OUT1
FB1
ILIM1
V
+
TON
SKIP#
PGOOD
AGND
REF
O
N
1
O
N
2
ILIM2
FB2
OUT2
N
.
C
.
LX1
DH1
BST1
DL1
N
.
C
.
PGND
V
C
C
V
D
D
DL2
BST2
DH2
LX2
N
.
C
.
T
C
3
2
S
T
2
2
0
U
4
V
D
M
-
6
1
2
C191
1
2
C213
D10
BAW56-1
12
3
R593
1
2
L25
IND-5D6UH-6-U
1 2
5V_S3
M1715DH2
M1715ILIM2
M1715FB2
DCBATOUT
R592
0R3-0-U
1
2
U69
SI4892DY
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
S S S G
D D D D
2D5D_S3_ON
c. Circuit operation 2D5V_S3 :
18 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting

The stand-by mode function is for power saving when the system is not
operated just as the below setting. So, the S3 power is for this usage.
The system will enter the stand-by mode
if NB remains not operated during 30 mins.
During stand-by mode if power button is
pushed, the system will return to previous
state in 5 sec .
Because the state is resumed from
memory, we need S3 power to keep North
Bridge & DDR working while standing by.
At this state, the battery leakage current is
under 30 mA.
Why Notebook needs S3 power Stand-by mode function ?
d. S3 power Purpose :

19 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
After PM_SLP_S4# signal was generated for a few sec , the
South Bridge will output PM_SLP_S3# on hi level, and 1D5V_S0 will
be turned on .
M1715LX1
U61
MAX1715EEI-U2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
0
1
1
12
13
14
2
8
27
26
25
24
2
3
22
2
1
2
0
19
18
17
16
1
5
OUT1
FB1
ILIM1
V
+
TON
SKIP#
PGOOD
AGND
REF
O
N
1
O
N
2
ILIM2
FB2
OUT2
N
.
C
.
LX1
DH1
BST1
DL1
N
.
C
.
PGND
V
C
C
V
D
D
DL2
BST2
DH2
LX2
N
.
C
.
R577 0R3-0-U
1 2
M1715DH1
R553 0R3-0-U
1 2
M1715ILIM1
D11
SSM24L
2
1
M1715DH1_1
M1715DL1
R249 10R3
1 2
R556
5K1R3F
1
2
PM_SLP_S3#
C189
1
2
M1715FB1
C610 SC1U10V3ZY
L23
IND-4D7UH-16
1 2
TC31
ST100U4VBM
1
2
DCBATOUT
R558
300KR3
1 2
R554 0R3-0-U
1 2
U62
SI4834DY
1
8
2
765
43
C188
SCD1U25V3KX
1
2
R549
10KR3F
1
2
C210
1
2
M1715DL1_1
R582 0R3-0-U
1 2
1D5V_S0
a. Circuit operation 1D5V_S0 :
1.2.3 S0_Power
20 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
PM_SLP_S3# signal is also used to turn on 5V3D3V2D5V_S0.
S
S
S
GD
D
D
D
U35
FDS9412
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
5V_S0
R307
330KR3
1 2
2D5V_S0
C645
SCD1U50V5KX
2D5V_S3
PM_SLP_S3#
R308
10KR3
1 2
C283
1
2
G
S
D
Q33
2N7002
1
2
3
DCBATOUT
3D3V_S0
S
S
S
GD
D
D
D
U26
FDS9412
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
S
S
S
GD
D
D
D
U32
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
D16
RLZ12B
1
2
3D3V_S5
5V_S3
R306
1KR3
1
2
R609
330KR3
1
2
C235
1
2
Run Power
Q28 TP0610T
1 2
3
b. Circuit operation 5V,3D3V,&2D5V_S0 :
21 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
-- P4 CPU_ VCO power architecture :
PWM
MAX1546
CPU
LDO
CM2843
Phase 1
Power module
Phase 2
Power module
Phase 3
Power module
3D3V_S0
1D2V_VID
H_VID0~5
DCBATOUT
DCBATOUT
DCBATOUT
VCC_CORE_S0
PWRGD_VID
1
5
4
3
2
1546
DHM & DLM
6
p.s. As one phase of power module can
only supply 25A, and Yuhina CPU needs
66A, therefore 3 phrases are required.
1 of 4 c. Circuit operation P4 CPU VCC_CORE_S0 :
22 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
3D3V_S0 power on .
CM2843 provides 1D2V_VID to CPU.
CPU provides VID code
PWRGD_VID, which is provided by CM2843, will delay 1ms
while 1D2V_VID is on. So it will be turned on after the CPU VID code.
R19
0R3-0-U
1 2
R334
100KR3
1 2
BCB1
SCD1U
PWRGD_VID
FOR NORTHWOOD ONLY
3D3V_S0
C21
SCD015U25V3KX
1
2
FS_X
U1
CM2843ACIM25
1
2
3 4
5
VIN
GND
EN PG
OUT
BC9
1
2
1D2V_VID
MIC5258_EN
300mA SUPPORT
1mS Minimum Request (1D2V_VID TO PWRGD_VID)
RB2
47KR3
1
2
BC16
SC1U10V3ZY
RB1
330KR3
1
2
1
1
2
4
2
4
3
3
CPU
H_VID0~6
2 of 4
c. Circuit operation P4 CPU VCC_CORE_S0 :

23 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1546DHS 32
3D3V_S0
R187
10R3
1
2
5V_S0 PM_DPRSLPVR#
RN9
SRN10K-2
1234
5 6 7 8
R631
0R3-U
1
2
PWRGD_VID
B
C
8
4
S
C
1
U
1
0
V
3
K
X
1
2
H_VID1 5
R147
10KR2
1
2
DCBATOUT_VCPU
H_VID2 5
1546CS- 32
R148
Dummy -10KR2
1
2
1546CS+ 32
C
1
2
7
S
C
1
U
1
0
V
3
Z
Y
H_VID0 5
1546CM- 32
C
5
1
9
S
C
4
7
0
P
5
0
V
3
J
N
H_VID3 5
H_VID4 5
H_VID5 4
C
1
3
7
S
C
1
U
2
5
V
-
U
1
2
1546CM+ 32
U21
MAX1546ETL
1
2
3
45
6
7
8
9
1
0
1
1
12
1
3
14
1
5
1
6
20
19
1
8
1
7
3
0
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
4
0
3
9
3
8
3
7
3
6
3
5
34
3
3
32
3
1
4
1
TIME
TON
MUXSEL
S
0
S
1
S
H
D
N
#
OFS
REF
ILIM
V
C
C
G
N
D
CCV
G
N
D
S
CCI
F
B
O
A
I
N
-
D4
D5
S
K
I
P
#
O
A
I
N
+
V
D
D
DLM
DHM
LXM
BSTM
VROK
D0
D1
D2
D3
C
S
P
C
S
N
C
M
N
C
M
P
V
+
B
S
T
S
LXS
D
H
S
DLS
P
G
N
D
G
N
D
4
5
3
5
1 1
2
1 MAX1546 Power is ready .
CM1843 generates 1D2V_VID to CPU.
CPU provides the VID0~5 to the MAX1546 ..
CM1843 will send PWRGD_VID as Hi after 1ms that 1D2V_VID was generated.
MAX1546 will output the switching signal .
4
5
CM1843
CPU
4
PWRGD_VID
2
1D2V_VID
3
3 of 4 c. Circuit operation P4 CPU VCC_CORE_S0 :

24 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1546DHM
G
S
D
Q
1
2
S
U
D
5
0
N
0
3
-
0
6
P
1
3
2
C
1
1
8
S
C
D
1
U
5
0
V
3
K
X
1
2
C480
DUMMY-C3
1 2
G
S
D
Q
4
4
S
U
D
5
0
N
0
3
-
1
1
1
3
2
C
1
2
4
S
C
4
7
0
0
P
5
0
V
2
K
X
1
2
1546DHM
R117
D001R7520F
1 2
G4
GAP-CLOSE-PWR
1
2
C
9
5
S
C
D
0
1
U
5
0
V
3
K
X
VCC_CORE
1546DLM
G
S
D
Q
4
5
S
U
D
5
0
N
0
3
-
1
1
1
3
2
C485
SC10U35V0ZY-U
1 2
1546CM+
DCBATOUT_VCPU
1546LXM 1546LXM
1
5
4
6
B
S
T
M
C490
DUMMY-SC10U35V0ZY-U
1 2
DCBATOUT_VCPU
L13
L-D5UH
1 2
C511
SC10U35V0ZY-U
1 2
1546DLM
1546CM-
1546BSTM
D
2
8
D
U
M
M
Y
-
S
C
M
5
4
-
U
2
1
G
S
D
Q
1
3
S
U
D
5
0
N
0
3
-
0
6
P
1
3
2
The step-down circuit starts working as soon as the switch signal begins.
The VCC_CORE is produced and will provide the CPUs working power .
PS. This is one of the three phases in VCC_CORE.
5
6
5
6
4 of 4 c. Circuit operation P4 CPU VCC_CORE_S0 :
25 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
PWM
MAX1546
ISL6218
CPU
LDO
CM2843
Phase 1
Power module
Phase 2
Power module
Phase 3
Power module
3D3V_S0
1D2V_VID
H_VID0~5
DCBATOUT
DCBATOUT
DCBATOUT
VCC_CORE_S0
PWRGD_VID
1
5
4
3
2
1546
DHM & DLM
6
1D2V_S0
VCC_IO_S0(1.05V)
CPUCORE_ON
Banias CPU needs 21A, so only one phase is needed.
The power system can separate two kinds of architecture for CPU.
But the only difference between P4 and Banias CPU power
architecture is VCC_COER_S0. Such as below :
d. P4 & Banias CPU VCC_CORE_S0 difference :

26 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
By now we have learned how NB power is generated and
why it must be done in a specific sequence. You might start
to wonder, What is other Power application? In the
following section, I will show you the power consumption of
all devices in a NB. You will learn:
2.1 Power budget block diagram
2.2 NB power application
2.3 Multipower device
2. Power plan introduction :

27 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
Create a NB power system with fixed procedure, so
we can know the power budget of all devices from the
power plan procedure .
Design procedure :
a. Power budget :
b. Power application :
We must first know the power category and
consumption of all devices, and then we can start to
define the SPEC of power.
After power SPEC was defined, we need to confirm the
timing & sequence when power is turned on. And
separate them with S5,S3,S0, etc. for the purpose
of power saving.
2. Power plan introduction :(contd)
28 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
1D25V_S0
VCC_CORE_S0(2.5mA )
1D5V_S0(599mA)
3D3V_S0(480mA )
1D5V_S5(90mA )
3D3V_S5( 166mA)
ICH4M
VCC_CORE

1D5V_S0(3140mA )
3D3V_S0(20mA )
2D5V_S3(2000mA )
2D5V_S0(50mA)
VCC_CORE(940mA )

Montara-GT

Mobile P4 CPU
3D3V_S3
VCC_CORE
(67.4A)-3.2G Hz
1D2V_VID(190mA)
CLK GEN
ICS950813
360mA
CARDBUS&
1394
3D3V_S0(60mA)
CODEC
40mA
LPC SIO
50mA
LPCROM
6mA
DDR
2D5V_S3 (2150mA)
1D25V_S0 (2150mA)
KBC
7mA
~150mA
~2150mA
~190mA
PCMCIA
CARD
1000mA
2D5V_S3
~4150mA
~65400mA
Mini PCI
802.11/BT
660mA
1D25V_S0
VCC_CORE
1D2V_VID
3D3V_S3
3D3V_S5
2D5V_S3
3D3V_S5
~50mA
~7650mA
~166mA
3D3V_S0
5V_S0
CRT
0.5A
HDD
900mA
CD ROM
700mA
OP AMP
1A
TOUCHPAD
25mA
PCMCIA
CARD
1A
1394-PHY
71mA
2D5V_S0
FIR
600mA
LCD
200mA
~2984mA
1D2V_VID
1D5V_S0
~3739mA
FAN
0.5A
MS Card
200 mA
SD Card
200 mA USB*4
2000mA
1D5V_S0
2D5V_S0
KBC
3D3V_S3(150mA)
LAN
3D3V_LAN_S5(150mA)
1D5V_S5 1D5V_S5
~90mA
3D3V_LAN_S5
FDD
0.8A
2.1 NB (Yuhina) Power Budget Block Diagram

29 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
S5
ICH4M
S3
Montara-GT ICH4M LPC SIO
Mini PCI CODEC LPC ROM
1394-PHY KBC CLK GEN
PCMCIA card LCD CARBUS
MS/SD card FIR
S0
KBC
LAN
2.2.1 3D3V Device :
2.2 NB power application :

30 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
S5
S3
Mini PCI FDD CD ROM
CODEC HDD USB*4
Touch PAD CRT OP AMP
PCMCIA card FAN
S0
2.2.3 2D5V Device :
S5
S3
DDR
S0
Montara - GT
Montara - GT
2.2.2 5V Device :
31 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
2.2.6 1D2V_VID Device :
2.2.5 1D25V Device :
S0
DDR
S0
CPU
S0 CPU ICH4M Montara-GT
2.2.7 VCC_CORE Device :
S5
S3
S0 ICH4M Montara_GT
ICH4M
2.2.4 1D5V Device :
32 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
Device
ICH4M
(South Bridge)
3D3V_S5 3D3V_S0 1D5V_S5 1D5V_S0 VCC_CORE
Montara _ GT
(North Bridge)
3D3V_S0 2D5V_S3 2D5V_S0 1D5V_S0 VCC_CORE
Mobile P4 CPU 1D2V_VID VCC_CORE
DDR 2D5V_S3 1D25V_S0
Power source
2.3 Multi-power device :
33 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
No power means when the power button is pressed, the power
LED is not turned on, and the system is not booted. We can
separate no power in four kinds of states :
3.1 No power debug notice & sequence
3.2 No DCBATOUT or short to GND
3.3 S5 Power No Good
3.4 Power on logic No Good
No power define :
If power system is good & power LED turned on, but the system
still N.G., it means the system is No work.
You must follow the No work debugging process to troubleshoot
the problems.
3. No power troubleshooting

34 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
3.1.1 debug Notice :
For safetys sake, please use adapter to supply the
Notebook power when you execute the debug process .
This debug procedure can only cover about 90% no power
Problems.
3.1.2 debug Sequence :
Check
Dcbatout short to GND
Symptom?
Ref : 3.2.1
Check
S5 power N.G
Symptom?
Ref : 3.3.1
Check
Power logic N.G
Symptom?
Ref.:3.4.1
Execute
DCbatout short to GND
Debugging
Ref : 3.2.2
Execute
S5 power N.G
Debugging
Ref : 3.3.2
Execute
Power logic N.G
Debugging
Ref : 3.4.2
Other
condition
No No No
Yes Yes Yes
3.1 No power debug notice & sequence :

35 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
3.2.1 Symptoms:
There is no any response when the power button was pressed and
adaptor was already inserted .
Adaptor power LED flashes or shuts down .

Solution: Open the system case and use the multi-meter 200V scale to
check AD+ or DCBATOUT between GND as below . If the voltage is
less than 5V,we can make sure it is short to GND .
DCBATOUT
Adaptor in to generate DCBATOUT
Rating 5.5A
AD+
AD_JK
AD+_2
1645_PDS
D23 HZM24NBZ
2 3
C28
L2
1 2
G
S
D
Q37
2N7002
1
2
3
R25
100KR3
1
2
R344
100KR3
1
2
DCIN1
1
2
3
4
L3
1 2
S
S
G D
D
D
D S
U3
SI4425DY
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
R30
56KR3
1
2
C334 C335
C
B
E
Q3
3
1
2
D36
DUMMY-SSM34
2 1
R259
D02R7520F
1 2
S
S
G D
D
D
DS
U57
SI4425DY
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
AD_OFF 25
19V
3.2 DCBATOUT short to GND :

36 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
There are 6 kinds of power sources in the Yuhina system, so we must check all
of the power output to see if there is any short to GND.

Solution: Check the 5V_S3,3D3V_S5,2D5V_S3,1D5V_S0,VCC_CORE and
charger power one by one .
PWM
MAX1645
Charger
P-MOS
SI4425

P-MOS
SI4425

PWM
MAX1999
PWM
MAX1715
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
N-MOS
FD9412
3D3V_S5
N-MOS
FD9412
LDO
G913C
5V_S3
3D3V_S3
3D3V_S0
3D3V_LAN_S5
1D5V_S5
2D5V_S3
2D5V_S0
LDO
G913C
1D25V_S0
PWM
MAX1546
1D5V_S0
BT+
DCBATOUT
VCC_CORE_S0
5V_S0
1 of 2 3.2.2 Debugging :

37 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
Following is an example of the 2D5V power source.
Use multi-meter 200 scale to check TC32. The impedance must bigger
than 200. If not, it means something short to GND, and we need to find out why.
Usually we would remove hi & low side MOS (U65 & U69) and MAX1715. If its still
short to GND, it means some output devices are damaged, and we must try to
remove them one by one .
M1715BST2
R591 0R3-0-U
1 2
D45
SSM24L
2
1
C208
1
2
R582 0R3-0-U
1 2
PM_SLP_S3#
2D5V_S3
M1715LX2
R249 10R3
1 2
S S S G
DDDDU65
SI4800
1 2 3 4
5678
R577 0R3-0-U
1 2
R555 0R3-0-U
1 2
C207
SCD1U25V3KX
1
2
M1715DL2
U61
MAX1715EEI-U2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
0
1
1
12
13
14
2
8
27
26
25
24
2
3
22
2
1
2
0
19
18
17
16
1
5
OUT1
FB1
ILIM1
V
+
TON
SKIP#
PGOOD
AGND
REF
O
N
1
O
N
2
ILIM2
FB2
OUT2
N
.
C
.
LX1
DH1
BST1
DL1
N
.
C
.
PGND
V
C
C
V
D
D
DL2
BST2
DH2
LX2
N
.
C
.
T
C
3
2
S
T
2
2
0
U
4
V
D
M
-
6
1
2
C191
1
2
C213
D10
BAW56-1
12
3
R593
1
2
L25
IND-5D6UH-6-U
1 2
5V_S3
M1715DH2
M1715ILIM2
M1715FB2
DCBATOUT
R592
0R3-0-U
1
2
U69
SI4892DY
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
S S S G
D D D D
DVM
1
2
2
1
2 of 2
3.2.2 Debugging : (contd)

38 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting

3.3.1 Symptoms:
U31
MAX1999EEI
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
1
7
1
8
19
2
0
21 22
23
24
2
5
26
27
28
NC
PGOOD
ON3
ON5
ILIM3
SHDN#
FB3
REF
FB5
PRO#
ILIM5
SKIP#
TON
BST5
LX5
DH5
V
C
C
L
D
O
5
DL5
V
+
OUT5 OUT3
GND
DL3
L
D
O
3
DH3
LX3
BST3
MAX1999_LDO5 = 5V_S5
30mA MAX.
MAX1999_LDO3
There is no any response when the power button
was pressed and adaptor has already plugged-in.
Adaptor power LED is normal .
3.3.2 Debugging :
Open the case, use multi-meter to check if MAX1999
pin18 5V_S5 power is good.
If not, it means MAX1999 or some 5V_S5 devices are
damaged. Remove all powers, use multi-meter to check
MAX1999 pin18 Impedance .
If the impedance is smaller than 200, it means some
5V_S5 devices are damaged, and we must try to
remove the component one by one.
If the impedance is more than 200, it means the
MAX1999 have some problem, and it must be changed.
3.3 S5 Power No Good :

39 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
Next we must check 3D3V_S5. If 3D3V_DC_S5 is N.G, we could use multi-
meter to check MAX1999 pin20 (19V), pin17, 28, 3 (5V) if powers are all
good. If N.G, please check the source component.
MAX1999_REF
DCBATOUT
3D3V_DC_S5
MAX1999_LDO5 MAX1999_VCC
MAX1999_LDO5
3D3V_S5_ON
MAX1999_BST3
MAX1999_SHDN#
C642
C
2
0
9
1
2
R602
10R3
1 2
C236
SCD22U10V3KX
R608
220KR3
1
2
R590
2MR3
1
2
R263
0R3-U
1
2
C647
1
2
R
5
9
8
6
K
6
5
R
3
F
1
2
R
6
0
4
1
0
K
R
3
F
1
2
T
C
3
0
S
T
1
0
0
U
4
V
B
M
1
2
C
6
2
2
S
C
D
1
U
2
5
V
3
K
X
1
2
Q22
SI4834DY
1
8
2
765
43
C
1
9
8
S
C
4
D
7
U
2
5
V
6
K
X
1
2
C
6
3
6
S
C
1
0
0
P
5
0
V
2
J
N
1
2
C194
SCD1U25V3KX
1
2
C627
SC47P50V2JN
1
2
D41
12
3
R294
4D7R5
1 2
U31
MAX1999EEI
NC
1
PGOOD
2
ON3
3
ON5
4
ILIM3
5
SHDN#
6
FB3
7
REF
8
FB5
9
PRO#
10
ILIM5
11
SKIP#
12
TON
13
BST5
14
LX5
15
DH5
16
V
C
C
1
7
L
D
O
5
1
8
DL5
19
V
+
2
0
OUT5
21
OUT3
22
GND
23
DL3
24
L
D
O
3
2
5
DH3
26
LX3
27
BST3
28
L21
IND-4D7UH-16
68.4R71B.101
1 2
3.3.2 Debugging : (contd)

40 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
3.4.1 Symptom :
If the previous two symptoms are checked ok, but the system still
has no power on, then we should check the power on logic circuit as
below .
When power button was pressed, PWRBTN# will be pulled low.
After a series of logic actions, the SHUTDOWN_S5 will also be
pulled low.
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
DCBATOUT 5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
BL3# trigger point 11.5V
BL3#
U50B
TSAHCT14
3 4
1
4
7
U36A
TSAHCT32
1
2
3
1
4
7
R473
1KR3
1 2
R480
47KR3
1
2
C521
SCD1U16V
BC83
SCD1U
U51
NC7SZ08- U
A
1
B
2
GND
3
Y
4
VCC
5
U52
S-80840CNMC
OUT
1
VDD
2
VSS
3
NC
5
NC
4
R313
100KR3
1
2
R314
100KR3
1
2
R310
10KR3
1 2
R471
100KR3
1
2
U50C
TSAHCT14
5 6
1
4
7
D29
S1N4148-U
1 2
R481
10KR3
1
2
R469
33KR3F
1
2
R468
17K4R3F
1
2
U34A
TSAHCT74
D
2
CLK
3
Q
5
Q
6
VCC
14
P
R
4
GND
7
C
L
1
U36B TSAHCT32
4
5
6
1
4
7
U36C
TSAHCT32
9
10
8
1
4
7
PWRBTN# 25
PM_SLP_S4#
14,15,33,36
SHUTDOWN_S5 33
PURE_HW_SHUTDOWN#
16
AC_IN
11,25,35,36
Lo
Hi
Hi
Hi
Hi
Hi
Lo
To MAX1999
ON3 3D3V
Power Button
1
1
2
2
1 of 2
3.4 Power on logic N.G :

41 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
If the power on logic circuit is correct, we can track the south
bridge trigger logic .
When the power button is pressed, PWRBTN# will be pulled low ,
After the logic action, the PWRBTN#_ICH will also be pulled low.
It will trigger south bridge to send PM_SLP_S4 & S3 signal to turn
on S3 & S0 power .
Lo
Lo
Lo
Hi
3D3V_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
5V_AUX_S5
PWRBTN#_1
U50A
TSAHCT14
1 2
1
4
7
U50B
TSAHCT14
3 4
1
4
7
R473
1KR3
1 2
R480
47KR3
1
2
R467 47KR3
1 2
C521
SCD1U16V
C512
SCD1U16V
R479
10KR3
1
2
D30
S1N4148-U
1 2
PWRBTN#_ICH
14
PWRBTN# 25
ICH4M
(South bridge )
PM_SLP_S4 & S3
1
1
2
2
3
3
2 of 2
3.4.1 Symptom :

42 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
3.4.2 Debugging :
If SHUTDOWN_S5 is not pulled low, it means some logic ICs or
components during this path are N.G.. If it is the case, then just
follow the circuit to find out the problems, and replace them.

If the PWRBTN#_ICH is not pulled low, it means some logic ICs
or components during this path are N.G. If it is the case, then just
follow the circuit to find out the problems, and replace them.

If the PM_SLP_S4 & S3 is not pulled hi, maybe the south bridge
is damaged .
3. No Power Debug

43 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
Above-mentioned are power system & no power debug .
All of the circuit diagram are references from Yuhina .
---------------- END -------------------
To Sum up :
44 Notebook Power System Introduction & Troubleshooting
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Thank You !