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Additional

Mathematics
Teo Poh
SMK Alor Akar, Kuantan
SEMINAR
KECEMERLANGAN
PAPER 1 FORMAT
Objective Test :
No. of Questions :
Total Marks :
Duration :
L.O.D. :
Additional Materials :

PAPER 2 FORMAT
Subjective Questions
No. of Questions :
Total Marks :
Duration :
L.O.D :
Additional Materials :
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 1
The relationship between P and Q is defined by the set of
ordered pairs { (1, 2), (1, 4), (2, 6), (2, 8)}.
State
(a) the images of 1,
(b) The object of 2. [2 marks]
P = { 1, 2, 3}
Q = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}
Answer
(a) .........


1
1
(b) .........


SPM 2007 Paper 1, Question 2
Given the function , find the
values of x such that f(x) = 5. [2 marks]
: 3 f x x
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 2
Given and , find
(a) g
-1
(3) ,
(b) hg (x). (4 marks)
1 5 : + x x g 3 2 :
2
+ x x x h
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 3 (SPM 2005,Q5)
Solve the quadratic equation 2x(x 4) = (1- x)(x+2).
Write your answer correct to four significant figures.
(3 marks)
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 4
The quadratic equation x (x+1) = px 4 has
two distinct roots. Find the range of values of p.
(3 marks)
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 5
Given that log
2
T - log
4
V = 3, express T in
terms of V. (4 marks)
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 6
Solve the equation 4
2x 1
= 7
x
(4 marks)
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 6

Solve the equation 4
2x 1
= 7
x
(4 marks)
Alternative Method ...

SPM 2008 P1, Q7
Answer


Solve the equation 16
2x 3
= 8
4x
(3 marks)
SPM 2010 (???)
Answer


Solve the equation 4
2x 1
= 8
x
(3 marks)
The first three terms of an A.P. are k-3, k+3, 2k+2.
Find (a) the value of k,
(b) the sum of the first 9 terms of the progression.
(3 marks)
SPM 2003 Paper 1, Question 7
Answer


Solve the simultaneous equation 4x + y = - 8
and x
2
+ x y = 2 (5 marks)
SPM 2003 Paper 2, Question 1
Answer


T4 BAB 1
1. Diagram shows the relation between x and y for the
domain 0 x 4.
State (a) the object of 4
(b) the type of relation [2 marks]

F4
T4 BAB 1
Functions : Applying the Idea of Inverse functions
5. Given , find the value of a if f
-1
(a) = 11
4
1 3
:

x
x f
F4
T4 BAB 1
**Functions : Given composite function and one function,
find the other function.
6. Given find fg.
: 2 : 2 2, f x x and gf x x
Remember : you need to find g first !
F4
T4 BAB 1
***Functions : To skecth the graphs of y = |f(x)|
7. Skecth the graph of y = |3-2x|+1 for domain 0 x 4
and state the corresponding range.
F4
Q26. [Quadratic equations]
SPM 2004, K1, Q4
Form the quadratic equation which has
the roots 3 and .
F4
The quadratic equation
ax
2
+ bx + c = 0 has
1. Two distinct roots if
2. Two equal roots if
3. No real roots if
b
2

- 4ac
b
2

- 4ac
b
2

- 4ac
2. The Quadratic Equation : Types of roots
*****The straight line y = mx -1 is a tangent to the curve
y = x
2
+ 2 . ???
F4

T4 BAB 1
1. Diagram shows part of the graph of the quadratic
function y = f(x) for the domain 0 x 4.
(a) State the equation of the axis of symmetry,
(b) Given f(x) = a(x b)
2
+ c, find the values of a, b
and c [4 marks]
F4
x
y
0
4
3
4
2
1
2
(a)
Answer
(b)
3 Quadratic Functions
T4 BAB 1
1. (b) Given f(x) = a(x b)
2
+ c, find the values of a, b
and c [4 marks]
F4
x
y
0
4
3
4
2
1
2
(b) f(x) =
HOW ??
3 Quadratic Functions
3 Quadratic Functions : Quadratic Inequalities
SPM 2004, K1, S5
Find the range of values of x for which
x(x 4) 12
F4
Solve
x
2
> 4
Back to BASIC
F4
1. Solve the simultaneous equations
x + y = 1
x
2
+ 3y
2
= 7
Factorisation 4. Simultaneous Equations
F4
4. Simultaneous Equations
F4
2. Solve the simultaneous equations, give your answer
correct to three decimal places.

x + y = 1
x
2
+3y
2
= 8
a
ac b b
2
4
2

4. Simultaneous Equations (2003 2009)
1. (03) Solve the simultaneous equations
4x + y = 8 and x
2
+ x y = 2 [5m]

2. (04) Solve the simultaneous equations
p m = 2 and p
2
+ 2m = 8 [5m]
Give your answers correct to 3 d.p.
3. (05) Solve the simultaneous equations
x + y = 1 and y
2
10 = 2x [5m]
4. (06) Solve the simultaneous equations 2x + y = 1
and 2x
2
+y
2
+ xy = 5.
Give your answer correct to three decimal places. [5 m]

5. (07) Solve : 2x y 3 = 0 , 2x
2
10x + y + 9 = 0
6. (08) Solve : x 3y + 4 = 0 , x
2
+xy 40 = 0
F4
7. (09) Solve the simultaneous equations k 3p = 1 and p + pk 2k = 0.
Give your answers correct to 3 decimal places.
1. Solve the simultaneous equations
x 3y + 4 = x
2
+xy 40 = 0
SPM 2010 !? 4. Simultaneous Equations
F4
Solve
2
x
+ 3 = 2
x+2

5. INDICES
Can U take
log on both
sides ???
WHY?
F4
Solve the equation ,
give your answer correct to 2 decimal places.
[ 4 marks]
5. INDICES
F4
2
3 32 3
x x +
= +
Solve***
2
2x
. 5
x
= 0.05
5. INDICES
a
m
b
m
= (ab)
m
F4

Solve the equation
[ 4 marks]
5. INDICES & LOGARITHMS
F4
2 4
log ( 2) 2 2log (4 ) x x = +
Note to candidates:
A diagram is usually given (starting from SPM
2004). You SHOULD make full use of the given
diagram while answering the question.
Coordinate Geometry
Sketch a simple diagram to help you
using the required formula correctly.
6. Coordinate Geometry
6.2.2 Division of a Line Segment

Q divides the line segment PR in the ratio PQ : QR = m : n
n m
P(x
1
, y
1
)
R(x
2
, y
2
) Q(x, y)

n
m
R(x
2
, y
2
)
P(x
1
, y
1
)
Q(x, y)
Q(x, y) =
6. Coordinate Geometry (Ratio Theorem)
The point P divides the line segment joining the point M(3,7) and
N(6,2) in the ratio 2 : 1. Find the coordinates of point P.
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
+
+
n m
my ny
n m
mx nx
2 1 2 1
,
P(x, y) =

1
2
N(6, 2)
M(3, 7)
P(x, y)
6. Coordinate Geometry
m
1
.m
2
=
P
Q
R
S
Perpendicular lines :
6. Coordinate Geometry
(SPM 2006, P1, Q12)
Diagram 5 shows the straight line AB which is perpendicular to the straight
line CB at the point B.
The equation of CB is y =2x 1 .
Find the coordinates of B. [3 marks]

x
y
O
A(0, 4)
C
Diagram 5
B



y =2x 1
6. Coordinate Geometry
Find the equation of the locus of the moving point P such that its
distances from the points A(-2,3) and B(4, 8) are in the ratio 1 : 2.
(Note : Sketch a diagram to help you using the distance formula
correctly)
6. Coordinate Geometry
Find the equation of the locus of the moving point P such that its
distance from the point A(-2,3) is always 5 units. ( SPM 2005)
6. Coordinate Geometry
Find the equation of the locus of point P which moves such that
it is always equidistant from points A(-2, 3) and B(4, 9).
Solutions to this question by scale drawing will not be accepted.
(SPM 2006, P2, Q9)
Diagram 3 shows the triangle AOB where O is the origin.
Point C lies on the straight line AB.






(a) Calculate the area, in units
2
, of triangle AOB. [2 marks]
(b) Given that AC : CB = 3 : 2, find the coordinates of C. [2 marks]
(c) A point P moves such that its distance from point A is always twice its
distance from point B.
(i) Find the equation of locus of P,
(ii) Hence, determine whether or not this locus intercepts the y-axis.
[6 marks]
x
y
O
A(-3, 4)
Diagram 3
C



B(6, -2)
Q41 Statistics
F4
SPM 2005 P1, Q23
The mean of four numbers is . The sum of
squares is 100 and the standard deviation is 3k.
Express m in terms of k.
m
2
2
x
x
N
o
E
=
Marks
f
6-10 12
11-15 20
16-20 27
21-25 16
26-30 13
31-35 10
36-40 2
Total 100
From a given set of data,
(e.g. The frequency distribution of
marks of a group of students)
Students should be able to find .
the mean, mode & median
Q1, Q3 and IQR
the variance & S.Deviations

Construct a CFT and draw an ogive
Use the ogive to solve related
problems

Statistics
F4
F4 CHAPTER 8
8. CIRCULAR MEASURE
Radian Degrees
S =

A =
Always refer to diagram when answering this question.

F4
8. CIRCULAR MEASURE
Diagram shows a sector of a circle OABC
with centre O and radius 4 cm. Given
that AOC = 0.8 radians, find the area
of the shaded region.
Z
C
A
B
O
0.8
c

DIFFERENTIATION :
dx
dy
5 4
1 3
+
+
=
x
x
y
Given that
, find
d u
dx v
| |
|
\ .
F4
9 Differentiation : The second derivative
Given that , find the value of g (1) .
g

(x) =
F4
( )
5
2
( ) 1 g x x = +
g

(x) =
F4- 9
Given that , find the value of g (-1) .
( )
5
2
( ) 1 g x x = +
( )
d
uv
dx
g

(x) =
Given that y = 2x
3
x
2
+ 4, find the value of at the
point (2, 16). Hence, find the approximate small
increment in x which causes y to increase from 16 to
16.05.
dx
dy
Differentiation : Small increments (Approximations)
F4
Progressions : A.P & G.P
A.P. : a, a+d, a+2d, a+3d , ..
Most important is
F5
G.P. : a, ar, ar
2
, ar
3
, ..
Most important is !!
Progressions : G.P - Recurring Decimals
SPM 2004, P1, Q12
Express the recurring decimal 0.969696
as a fraction in the simplest form.
F5
Progressions
Given that S
n
= 5n n
2
, find the sum from
the 5
th
to the 10
th
terms of the progression.
Back to basic
Ans :-54
F5
Answer :

Progressions
Given that S
n
= 15n n
2
, find the 10
th
term
of the progression.
Back to basic
F5
Emphasise the linear form
Y = m X + C
Y & X are variables
m and C are constants
Linear Law
F5
Y = m X + C
Students are advised to work
using this linear form and
NOT the non-linear original
equation.
Linear Law
F5
Examples (SPM 2007)
F5
Y
X
*
(3, q)
(p, 0)
*
O
y
2
/x
x
Given non-linear equation :
y
2
= 2x(10 x) , find p and q.

Y
X
Bear in mind that ......
1. Scale must be ..
2. Scale of both axes may defer :
FOLLOW given instructions !
3. Horizontal axis should start from .. !
4. Plot against .
Linear Law (Paper 2)
F5
Do not create your new X-Y values
on your question paper !!!
Better to be at the top of
your graph paper
Wheres your TABLE of values ???
Linear Law (Paper 2)
F5
X 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Y
0.81 2.20 4.62 6.88 8.51 11.38 14.12
Y
X
Remember to follow instructions .
Use your graph to find .
Linear Law
F5
So, DO NOT calculate using the
values from the table !!!
And, you must use the points which lie
ON THE LINE OF BEST FIT !!!
Linear law
F5
0 2 4 6
8
10 12
x
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.5
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.5
Y
x
x
x
x
(x
2
, y
2
)
(x
1
, y
1
)
x
x
Find the gradient
Using m =

2 1
2 1
y y
x x

}
+ dx x
4
) 1 3 ( . 1
}
dx x
4
) 3 2 ( . 2
}
+
dx
x
4
) 1 3 (
1
. 3
}
+

dx
x
4
) 1 3 (
2
. 4
=
=
=
=
INTEGRATION
F5
INTEGRATION
SPM 2003, P2, Q3(a) 3 marks
Given that = 2x + 2 and y = 6 when x = 1,
find y in terms of x.
dy
dx
F5
INTEGRATION
SPM 2004, K2, S3(a) 3 marks
The gradient function of a curve which passes through
A(1, -12) is 3x
2
6 . Find the equation of the curve.
F5
Given that OA = 2i + j and OB = 6i + 4j, find
the unit vector in the direction of AB
Vectors : Unit Vectors
F5
AB = OB - OA
A
B
Parallel vectors
Two vectors a and b are parallel if and only if
a = k b , where k is a constant.
F5
a
b
Non-parallel vectors
F5
If a and b are two non-parallel vectors and
h a = k b ,
then h = k = 0

a
b
F5
SPM 2008, P1, Q15 [2m]
If a and b are two non-parallel vectors and
(h+3) a = (k 5) b ,
find (a) h (b) k
F5
P
Q
R
T
4 a
6 b
SPM 2008, P1, Q16
Diagram below shows a triangle PQR.
The point T lies on QR such that QT: TR = 3 : 1
Express in terms of a and b :

(a) QR (b) PT [4marks]
(a) QR = QP + PR
=
(b) PT =
= 3a + 3/2 b
Vectors in the Cartesian plane
F5
i = horizontal unit vector
j = vertical unit vector
2 3 4 5 1
6
y
4
1
5
6
2
3
x
O
P
If P (3, 4),
then OP =
=
Vectors in the Cartesian plane
F5
To show that points are collinear :
2 3 4 5 1
6
y
4
1
5
6
2
3
x
O
Q
Show that
PQ = k QR



P
R
Vectors (Exercises 4U)
1. Given points Q(2, 2) , R(8, 5) and PQ = 2i + j.
Find
(a) coordinates of P
(b) QR
Determine whether P, Q and R are collinear.
F5
Given : OQ = 2 i + 2 j, OR = 8i + 5 j and PQ = 2i + j .
Vectors (Exercises 4U)
2. Given points A(-2, 3) , B(1, 0) and BC = 2i 2j .
Find (a) coordinates of C,
(b) |AC|
Show that A, B and C are collinear and find the ratio AC : BC.
Given : OA = , OB = and BC =
5. TRIGONOMETRY (Past-Year Questions (P1)
2003 : Given tan = t, 0
0
< < 90
0 ,
find (a) cot (b) sin (90
0
)
Solve .. for 0
0
360
0

2004 : cos
2
x sin
2
x = sin x
2005 : 3 cos 2x = 8 sin x 5
2006 : 15 sin
2
x = sin x + 4 sin 30
0

2007 : cot x + 2 cos x = 0
2008 : Given that sin = p , where p is a constant and
90
0
< <180
0
. Find in terms of p, (a) cosec (b) sin 2
F5
5. TRIGONOMETRY (Past-Year Questions (P1)
(SAMPLE ANSWER)
2003 : Given tan = t, 0
0
< < 90
0 ,
find
(a) cot (b) sin (90
0
)

(a) cot =
=
(b) sin (90
0
)
=


5. TRIGONOMETRY (Past-Year Questions (P1)
(SAMPLE ANSWER)
F5
SPM 2007 : Solve .. for 0
0
360
0
cot x + 2 cos x = 0
Prove that tan
2
x sin
2
x = tan
2
x

sin
2
x
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
F5
Solve the equation 2 cos 2x + 3 sin x - 2 = 0
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS
F5
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (Graphs)
(Usually Paper 2, Question 3, 4 or 5) - WAJIB !
F5
1. Sketch given graph : (4 marks)
(2003) y = 2 cos x ,
(2004) y = cos 2x ,
(2005) y = cos 2x ,
(2006) y = 2 cos x ,
(2007) y = 3| cos 2x | , 0 x 2
0 2 x t s s
0 0
0 180 x s s
0 2 x t s s
3
2
0 2 x t s s
(2008) y = tan 2x , 0 x
(2009) y = 3/2 cos 2x , 0 x 3/2
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (Graphs)
(So, for 2010 : ???)
F5
1. Sketch given graph :

y = 2 sin x ,
y = 3 sin 2x ,
y = 1 2 sin x ,
y = 3 | sin 2x | ,
y = 1 2 cos x ,

0 2 x t s s
0 0
0 360 x s s
0 2 x t s s
0 2 x t s s
0 x t s s
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (Graphs- Paper 2)
F5
1. Sketch the graph of :
y = 3 sin 2x ,
0 2 x t s s
x
y
O
2

3/2
+1
-1
Step 1 : Sketch the graph of y = sin x
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (Graphs)
F5
1. Sketch the graph of :
y = 3 sin 2x ,
0 2 x t s s
Step 2 : Sketch the graph of y = sin 2x
x
y
O
2

3/2
+1
-1
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (Graphs)
F5
1. Sketch the graph of :
y = 3 sin 2x ,
0 2 x t s s
Step 3 : Sketch the graph of y = 3 sin 2x [amplitude = ]
x
y
O
2

3/2
5 TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS (Graphs)
F5
1. Sketch the graph of :
y = 3 sin 2x ,
0 2 x t s s
Step 4 : Sketch the graph of y = 3 sin 2x [Relection at - axis]
x
y
O
2

3/2
+3
-3
6 Permutations & Combinations
PAST YEAR QUESTIONS ......
(2003) Permutations : Form Code of 3 letters +2 digits
(2004) Permutations : arrange the word HEBAT
(2005) Combinations : Form debating teams of
5 students
(2006) Permutations : Form 4-letter code from the word
UNIFORM
(2007) Combinations : Form Badminton team of 5
players : 2 boys and 3 girls
(2008) Permutations : Form 4-digit numbers from
3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
F5
Question students always ask .....
When do we use
n
P
r
??
... and WHEN do we use
n
C
r
???
F5
6 Permutations & Combinations
Ask yourself .....
Does the problem involve arrangement ?
If the order is important, then use nPr.
F5
Permutations
eg. 1. Arrange numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 to form 4-digit words
2. Arrange letters D, N, A to form 3-letter code words
3. Arrange books on a shelf
4. Arrange students (in a row) to take photos
Key word : ARRANGE
Ask yourself ..... Is ORDER important ???
If order is NOT important, use
n
C
r
.
F5
Combinations
eg. 1. Choose 3 students from a class
2. Choose 5 members to form a PTA committee
3. Choose a debating team of 4 students from [2005]
4. Choose players to form badminton teams [2007]
Key word : CHOOSE
(a) Find the number of possible arrangements, in a
row, of all the cards.
(b) Find the number of these arrangements in
which the letters E and A are side by side.
F5 PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS
H E B A T
SPM 04
P1,Q23
A 3-letter code word is to be formed by arranging
any three of the above letters in a row.
Find the number of these 3-letter code words which
contain the letter O.
No. of ways =
=
F5 PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS
C O M E L
Find the number of four digit numbers which
can be formed from the numbers 1, 3, 8, 9 if
each number is allowed to be used once only.
How many of this numbers are even ?
F5 PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS
Find the number of four digit numbers exceeding
3000 which can be formed from the numbers 2,
3, 6, 8, 9 if each number is allowed to be used
once only.
F5 PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS
Find the number of ways the word BESTARI can be
arranged so that the vowels and consonants alternate
with each other [ 3 marks ]
F5
Two unbiased dice are tossed.
Find the probability that the sum of the two
numbers obtained is more than 4.
F5
The Binomial Distribution
r n r
r
n
q p C r X P

= = ) ( ) ( ) (
r = 0, 1, 2, 3, ..n
n = Total number of trials
q = probability of failure
p = Probability of success
r = No. of successes
p + q = 1
F5
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Mean = np
Variance = npq
The NORMAL Distribution
F5
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Candidates must be able to
determine the Z-score
Z =

use the SNDT to find the values
(probabilities)
x
o

z
f(z)
0
0.5 0
Example #1
Use the Standard Normal Distribution Table to
determine
a) P(Z>1.891)

= 0
z
1.891
P(Z > 1.891)
Example #2
Use the Standard Normal Distribution Table to
determine
b) P(Z<-1.956)

( 1.956) P Z = > =
= 0
z
1.956
P(Z > 1.956)
P(Z < -1.956)
Both tail ends are the same size as the
curve is symmetrical about the mean,
Converting to the
standardized z
In a normal distribution with mean and
standard deviation o, the random
variable X must be converted to the
standardized variable Z by
X
Z

o

=
Converting to the
standardized-z
The mean and standard deviation of a
normal distribution are 10 and 4
respectively. Find the z-score if X=16.
10, 4 and X=16
From
Z =
=
X
Z
o

o
= =

=
Question # 1
The mass of a group of pupils in a school
has a normal distribution with a mean of
48 kg and a standard deviation of 7 kg.
Given that a pupil is chosen at random,
find the probability that his mass is
more than 62 kg.
Question # 2
The volume of juice in a bottle produced
by a factory has a normal distribution
with a mean of 1000 ml and a standard
deviation of 50 ml. Given a bottle of
juice is chosen at random, find the
probability that the volume of water is
between 970 ml and 1020 ml.
Answer: 0.3811
Index Numbers

Index Number =

Composite Index =

Problems of index numbers involving
two or more basic years.
1
0
100
Q
I
Q
=

=
w
wI
I
_
F4
Solution of Triangles
The Sine Rule
The Cosine Rule
Area of Triangles
Problems in 3-Dimensions
Ambiguity cases (More than ONE
answer)
F5
SECTION C
SPM 2007, P2, Q15
Diagram shows quadrilateral ABCD.
(a) Calculate
(i) the length, in cm, of AC
(ii) [4 marks]

(b) Point A lies on AC such that
AB =AB.
(i) Sketch

(ii) Calculate the area , in cm
2
, of
[6 marks]

ACB Z
' A BC A
' A BC A
F5
SECTION C
Answer :





SPM 2007, P2, Q15

SECTION C
Answer :





= 23.88
0
A
F5
SPM 2007, P2, Q15
(b) Point A lies on AC such that
AB =AB.

(i) Sketch (See diagram)
' A BC A
SECTION C
= 23.88
0
A
F5
SPM 2007, P2, Q15
Answer :
51.12
0
51.12
0
77.16
0
Linear Programming
To answer this question, CANDIDATES must be able to
.....
form inequalities from given mathematical
information
draw the related straight lines using
suitable scales on both axes
recognise and shade the region representing
the inequalities
solve maximising or minimising problems
from the objective function (minimum cost,
maximum profit ....)
Linear Programming (Back2Basic)
KEY WORDS SIGN OF INEQUALITY
x is less than 100
P is more than Q
A is not less than 75
W is not more than 80
M is greater than N
x is smaller than y
X must exceed 15
Linear Programming (Back2Basic)
KEY WORDS
SIGN OF
INEQUALITY
Y is at least 35
X at most 100
The minimum vale of x is 5
The maximum value of y is 250
V must not exceed 60
8. The minimum value of 3x 2y is 18
7. The maximum value of x+ 2y is 60
6. The minimum value of y is 35
5. The maximum value of x is 100
4. The value of y is at least twice the value of x
3. x is not more than y
2. x is not more than 80
1. x is at least 10
Inequality
Statements
Linear Programming
Inequality Mathematical Statement
15. The ratio of the quantity of Q (y) to the quantity
of P (x) should not exceed 2 : 1
14. x must exceed y by at least 10
16. The number of units of model B (y) exceeds
twice the number of units of model A (x) by 10 or
more.
13. The sum of x and y must exceed 40
12. The sum of x and y is not less than 50
11. 3x + 2y must exceed 180
10. The sum of x and y is at most 120
9. P(x) is at least thrice the value of Q(y)
After getting the inequalities ...
CANDIDATES must be able to .....
draw the related straight lines using
suitable scales on both axes (scales given !!!)
recognise and shade the region representing
the inequalities
solve maximising or minimising problems
from the objective function (minimum cost,
maximum profit ....)

After getting the inequalities ...
To recognise and shade the region
representing the inequalities
Be very careful if the inequality involves y
which is negative : eq. x 2y 6
x
6
3
y
O
Can you shade the
region which satisfies
the inequality above ???
F5
LINEAR PROGRAMMING
Apples and oranges are sold in packets at a fruit stall. Each packet of
apples has 3 fruits and each packet of oranges has 4 fruits. Each day, x
packets of apples and y packets of oranges are sold .
The sale of fruit per day is based on the following constraints:
I : The minimum number of packets of oranges sold is 30 .
II : The total number of packets of apples and oranges sold is
at least 120.
III : The total number of apples and oranges sold does not
exceed 600.
(a) Write three inequalities, other than and x0, y0 , which satisfy all the
above constraints. [3 marks]
(b) By using a scale of 2 cm to 20 packets on both axes, draw and shade
the region R, that satisfies all of the conditions above. [2 marks]
(c) Using your graph from (b), to find
(i) the maximum packets of oranges sold each day .
(ii) the maximum profit obtained when a packet of apples and a packet of
oranges brings a profit of RM0.50 and RM0.60 respectively. [5 marks]
CONTOH SOALAN
Answers:
Key towards achieving 1A
Read question carefully
Follow instructions
Start with your favourite question
Show your working clearly
Choose the correct formula to be used
+(Gunakannya dengan betul !!!)
Final answer must be in the simplest form
The end answer should be correct to 4 S.F.
(or follow the instruction given in the question)
t ~ 3.142
Kunci Mencapai kecemerlangan
Proper / Correct ways of writing mathematical
notations
Check answers!
Proper allocation of time (for each question)

Paper 1 : 3 - 7 minutes for each question
Paper 2 :
Sec. A : 8 - 10 minutes for each question
Sec. B : 15 minutes for each question
Sec. C : 15 minutes for each question
SUCCESS .
is only 1% inspiration.

but ..

99% PERSPIRATION !