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Effective Use of

Transitional Devices
The 5 Cs
Can you define these
terms?
SENTENCE

SENTENCE
FRAGMENT

RUN-ON
SENTENCE
FUSED SENTENCE
COMMA SPLICE
CONJUNCTION
COORDINATING
SUBORDINATING
CONJUNCTIVE
ADVERB
(TRANSITION)

CLAUSE
INDEPENDENT
DEPENDENT
(SUBORDINATE)

How would you punctuate
this sentence?
The power went out during
the storm we couldnt use
the computers.
5 WAYS TO
CORRECT A RUN-ON
.
;
, coordinate conjunction
; transition,
Dependent clause,
The 5 Cs of an Essay
An effective essay should contain these
elements:
CONTINUITY
COHERENCE
CLARITY
COHESION
CONCISENESS
Achieve unity by
Sticking to the topic
Eliminating irrelevant details
Using transitional devices
effectively
Using pronouns & deliberate
repetition of key words, phrases,
ideas, & synonyms
Using parallel structure \\
Continuity
Make sure your
sentences and
paragraphs flow logically
and smoothly.


Let your reader know if a
thought is being

started,
developed,
challenged, or
completed.
Whats wrong with this paragraph?
What would improve it?
I had been having severe headaches
and frequent dizzy spells. I was
terrified of the doctors. I went to
the health clinic. I waited three
days. It was the time of finals, and I
was very busy. I saw a doctor. He
prescribed some pills. The problem
continued.
Notice how these ideas flow together.
What makes the difference?
I had been having severe headaches and
frequent dizzy spells, but I hesitated to go to the
health clinic because I was terrified of the
doctors. It was the time of Finals, and I was
busy studying for them, so I made the excuse to
myself that I didnt have time and that there
was nothing the matter with me, just fatigue.
Finally, I went although I waited three days
before making an appointment. I saw a doctor,
and after he examined me, he prescribed some
pills. But despite the medication, the problems
continued even after Id been taking the pills for
two weeks.
Using Effective Transitions
1. Mary hates hip hop. ___, she will not
attend the concert with us.
2. The new teacher was unprepared for
class; ___, the students misbehaved.
3. I went shopping with Becky today. ___,
we returned to the car.
4. The movie was exciting; I will not, ___,
go see it again.
5. We may get the contract; ____, we may
not.
Remember
The 5 Cs of an Essay:

CONTINUITY
COHERENCE
CLARITY
COHESION
CONCISENESS