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UTTARAKHAND

DISASTER: MAN MADE


OR NATURES FURY..
Overview of Uttarakhand
Flooding in Uttrakhand
Other affected regions
How local people looted pilgrims.
Consequences
Rescue and relief operations.
Causes of the disaster
Measures to reduce the intensity




Uttarakhand has a total
land area of
53,584sqkm of which
94% is mountaneous.
Most of the area is
covered by himalayan
peaks and glaciers.
Two major rivers(Ganga
and yamuna) originate
from the glaciers of
uttarakhand




BADRINATH TEMPLE
KEDARNATH TEMPLE
GANGOTRI TEMPLE YAMONOTRI TEMPLE
From 15 to 18 June
2013, Indian state
of Uttrakhand and
adjoining area received
heavy rainfall, which was
about 375 percent more
than the benchmark
rainfall during a normal
monsoon.
16
th
and 17
th
June,2013
The Day of Destruction
happened in history of
UTTRAKHAND
FLOODING IN UTTRAKHAND
The massive rainfall and cloud
burst events were happening at
multiple places, including in
Bhagirathi basin, Assiganga basin,
Mandakini Basin, Badrinath region,
other places in Alaknanda region
from 15 June 2013 to around 18
June 2013.
It is considered to be the largest natural disaster after tsunami occurred in
2004

This lead to melting
of Chorabari Glacier at the
height of 3800 metres, and
eruption of the Mandakini
River which led to heavy floods
near Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag
district, Uttarakhand, Himachal
Pradesh.

CONSEQUENCES:HUMAN LOSS
Landslides, due to the floods,
damaged several houses and
structures, killing those who
were trapped Over 70,000
people were stuck.
According to the official records
400 houses were destroyed and
265 were damaged

4,200 villages were victims of
the floods

6,000 people were dead,10,000
were injured and 1,00,000 were
stuck in the valley
Major roads,telephone towers were
destroyed due to which
communication with the outer world
was lost.
Tourism constitutes about 30% of
the states income which was lost

All the shops and hotels were
destroyed and all roads were
broken
CONSEQUENCES:ECONOMIC LOSS
20,000 crores loss was
reported,which may be in the form
of destruction of houses roads,cars
e.t.c

RESCUE AND RELIEF OPERATION
The Army, Air Force, Navy, Indo-Tibetan
Border Police (ITBP), Border Security Force,
National Disaster Response
Force (NDRF), Public Works Department and
local administrations worked together for
quick rescue operations.
Several thousand soldiers were deployed for
the rescue missions.



Activists of political and social organizations
are also involved in the rescue and
management of relief centres.


Helicopters were used to rescue people, but
due to the rough terrain, heavy fog and
rainfall, maneuvering them was a challenge.


By 21 June 2013, the Army had
deployed 10,000 soldiers and 11
helicopters,

the Navy had sent 45 naval
divers, and the Air force had deployed
43 aircraft including 36 helicopters.
From 17 June to 30 June 2013, the IAF
airlifted a total of 18,424 people - flying
a total of 2,137 sorties and
dropping/landing a total of 3,36,930 kg
of relief material and equipment.

Prime Minister of India undertook an
aerial survey of the affected areas and
announced 1,000 crore (US$170 million
) aid package for disaster relief efforts
in the state. Several state governments
announced financial assistance,


Special trains were employed by
the government all over the
country to cater the needs of the
flood victims

Indian army showed extreme levels
of courage in saving the people in
spite of the helicopter crash
occurred during the mission-
operation Rahat.


Melting of glaciers, because of
global warming has been of the
reasons. Pollution and global
warming accounted for the melting
of glaciers

Violation of environmental laws and
deforestation has also accounted
for floods.

Building of hydro electricity plants
and increase in the infrastructural
facilities have weaken the mountain
causing land slides.

CAUSES OF THE DIASTER
Ecologists point out that the huge
expansion of hydro-power projects
and construction of roads to cope with
the lakhs of tourists in Uttarakhand
and Himachal Pradesh has
compounded the scale of the disaster

Currently 70 dams exist in the Char
dham area alone.The dam
constructions involve blasting of hills
which increase the risk of land slides.

More than 220 power and mining
projects are running in 14 river valleys
in Uttrakhand.

Several rivers are being diverted
through tunnels for these projects
leadung to major disasters in the state.



Protecting the environment can
only be the way to reduce the
risk of such disasters

Putting cap on number of
tourists may be a solution,
which reduces the construction
of hotels, expansion of roads.

Keeping a check on illegal
constructions and on
deforestation.


Using latest equipments to
predict the probability of rains

Alerting and transferring
people to safe zones at proper
time.

Training the people on how to
take basic safety measures.