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Paper 3 Use of English

Part 3 Word Formation


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Text with 10 gaps (plus one example)

tem word at the end of some lines


!t"s ######## to sol$e this %uestion# !t"s too
hard&
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POSSIBLE
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Fo'us on $o'a(ular)

*e 'areful a(out spelling

1 mar+ ea'h

ad,e'ti$e

a noun

a $er(

an ad$er(

pre-xes for example (agree disagree)

su.xes (musi' musi'ians)


VOCABULARY
VOCABULARY

'hange the form of the word


long = length

form a 'ompound
ash = ashtray
TIPS

/ead the title

/ead the whole text on'e#

/ead ea'h senten'e 'arefull)#


TIPS

0oo+ at what 'omes (efore and after


ea'h gap#

Tr) to predi't what the missing word


might (e#

/ead the whole text again#


TIPS

1es'ri(e the %ualities of something#

*efore a noun
Thoughtful students gave the teacher a
bouquet for her birthday.
2d,e'ti$es
TIPS

*etween a determiner and a noun


She had a beautiful baby.

1eterminer3

2rti'les (an, an, the)

1emostrati$es (this, that, these, those)

Possessi$es (my, your, his, her, its, our,


their)
2d,e'ti$es
TIPS

2fter the $er( 4(e5, when it


des'ri(es a %ualit) of the su(,e't3
She is spoilt.

2fter lin+ing $er(s3 see6 seem6 loo+6


(e'ome6 et'#
She seems spoilt.
2d,e'ti$es
TIPS

2fter ad$er(s
7) parents were $er) proud of me#

2fter the words something6 e$er)thing6


an)thing6 nothing6 some(od)6 an)where
!s there an)thing interesting on T8 tonight9
2d,e'ti$es
TIPS

2fter how, so, too.


:ow tall are )ou9
!t was so warm that ! went for a swim
This (ag is too hea$) for me to 'arr)#
2d,e'ti$es
TIPS

2fter arti'les (a6 an or the)


Shes a teacher, isnt she?

2fter possessi$e ad,e'ti$es (m)6


)our6 his6 et'#)
Thats my bag. Yours in the green one.
;ouns
TIPS

2fter %uanti-ers (all6 no6 some6 a lot


of6 (oth6 an)6 et'#)
ll passengers had to queue for hours.
;ouns
TIPS

Expresses an a'tion6 an e$ent or a


state# E#g3
!e ran down the street loo"ing for the thief.
The accident happened at # pm.
Your sister has beautiful eyes.
8er(s
TIPS

7odif)3

a $er( < $ sing badly.

an ad,e'ti$e $ts terribly hot outside%

another ad$er( or an ad$er(ial phrase#


They are driving unbelievably fast.
&ohn is madly in love with my sister.
2d$er(s
TIPS

The) 'an express3

1ire'tion3 'hy dont you sit here?

0o'ation3 $ tend to shop locally.

7anner3 She sang beautifully at the audition.

Time3 (ary arrived late at school.

Fre%uen')3 'e often visit our friends in


)uritiba.
2d$er(s
TIPS

Pre-x3 a group of letters at the (eginning


of a word that 'hanges its meaning#
agree * disagree coo"ed +
overcoo"ed

u.x3 a group of letter at the end of a


word that 'hanges its word 'lass#
hope * hopeful "ind + "indness
Pre-xes and u.xes
TIPS
Prefx Meaning
un<6 dis<6 im<6 il<6 ir<6
in<
not or the opposite# E#g#3 unprodu'ti$e6
disagree6 impossi(le6 illegal6 irrele$ant6
in$isi(le
re< again# E#g#3 repla)
pre< *efore# E#g# prehistor)
mis !n the wrong manner# E#g3 misunderstand
Pre-xes and u.xes
TIPS
Sufx !r" #$a%%
<ous6 <)6 <ful6 <less6
<ish6 <al
;ouns or $er(s into ad,e'ti$es3
fame famous6 'loud 'loud)6
'are 'areful=less6 red redish6 e'onom) <
e'onomi'al
<ee6 <er6 <or 8er(s into nouns (people)3
Emplo) < emplo)ee6 dri$e dri$er6 a't < a'tor
<ise 2d,e'ti$es or nouns into $er(s3
legal < legalise
<ness 2d,e'ti$es into nouns3 +ind < +indness
Pre-xes and u.xes
!t was >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> toda)#
We to do half of what we
had planned# PRODUCT
$er
)
produ
't
i$e un
didn"t manage
TIPS
E&&&&'(
$er(
painter
educate
$er(
education
accused
$er(
commerce commercial
noun
skilfully
noun
noun
everyday
ad,e'ti
$e
unusual
noun
religion ous
ad,e'ti
$e
al classic
1# !t"s a good idea if )ou +now what
ad,e'ti$es6 nouns6 $er(s and ad$er(s
are#
? True
@# Pre-xes 'ome at the (eginning of word
and su.xes at the end#
? True
)UI*
)UI*
3# The su.x 4l)5 might indi'ate that
the word is an ad,e'ti$e#
A False
B# Tem %ufx *ment indi'ates the
word is a noun#
? True
C# The +refx dis indi'ates 4too mu'h5#
A False
D# ometimes )ou need to use (oth a
+refx and a %ufx to form the
missing word#
? True
)UI*
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