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Sentence

Structures:
Simple, Compound,
Complex, Compound-
Complex
What is sentence
structure anyway?
The structure of a
sentence refers to:
The kinds and #of
clauses a sentence has.
What is a clause ?
Group of words
with a subject & verb
May or may not
have a complete
thought
When will a clause have a
complete thought?
So, an independent
clause has what three
things?
Subject
Verb
Complete Thought
If it is
INDEPENDENT!
Simple Sentence Definition:
1 Independent Clause
Example:
I like to eat cake.
Its so easy,
its a piece of
cake!
Its a
cakewalk!!!
Hey, thats a simple
sentence too!!!
This is how you will combine
clauses & sentences together!
When will a clause not
have a complete
thought?
If its Dependent!
What kinds of words introduce
dependent clauses again?
Relative Pronouns:
that, which, who,
whom, whose
Subordinating
Conjunctions: if,
when, because, since,
&
The car that hit me was yellow.
The car, which I was driving at the time, suddenly caught
fire.
Miss Pinker, who is very kind, is my teacher.
The person whom I phoned last night is my uncle.
The student whose phone just rang should stand up.

Relative Pronouns:
that, which, who, whom, whose
after
although
as
because
before
even if
even though
if
in order that
once
provided that
rather than
since
so that
than
that
though
unless
until
when
whenever
where
whereas
wherever
whether
while
why
Subordinating Conjunctions:
Louisa will wash the sink full of her dirty dishes once her roommate Shane
cleans his stubble and globs of shaving cream from the sink.
We looked on top of the refrigerator, where Jenny will often hide a bag of
chocolate chip cookies.
Because her teeth were chattering in fear, Lynda clenched her jaw muscle while
waiting for her turn to audition.
Compound Sentence Definition:
2 (or more) Independent Clauses
Example: I went to the game early, but I
forgot my wallet.
1 Independent Clause
1 Conjunction
+ 1 Independent Clause
= 1 Compound Sentence!
There are 2 ways to combine simple sentences?
The clauses of a compound sentence are connected by
a coordinating conjunction (which is, more often than not, preceded by a
comma), and the two most common coordinating conjunctions
are and and but (the others are or, for, yet, and so).
Two independent clauses can also be separated by a semicolon (relatively rare),
but the clauses must be directly related.

Meriwether Lewis is justly famous for his expedition into the territory of the
Louisiana Purchase and beyond, but few people know of his contributions to
natural science.
Lewis had been well trained by scientists in Philadelphia prior to his
expedition, and he was a curious man by nature.
WITH A PARTNER, MAKE A CHART OF 2 THINGS:
1.Times when Simple Sentences would be effective
2. Times when Compound Sentences would be effective
Effective Times for
Simple Sentences
Effective Times for
Compound Sentences:
Effective Times for Simple
Sentences
Friendly letter
Short answer test
Directions
Posters
Dictionary
Math Book
Labels
Tags
Captions
Comics
Menus
Brochures
Poetry
Certificates
Texting
Clothing
Google Search
FaceBook, Twitter
PowerPoint Presentations
Billboards
Recipes
Prayers
Translating languages, talking to babies or pets
Police Officer reading rights
Commands
Cheers/Pep Talks
Drive Thru Window
Effective Times for
Compound Sentences:
Essays
Journals
Books
Magazines
Newspaper
Business letter
Resume
Scholarly Journal/Article
Syllabus
Summary
Stories
Play
Speech
What does a variation of
sentence structure create for us?
What would it be like if all
sentences were structured the
same? What if we had all simple
sentences?
Varied Sentence Structure
Creates:
Flow
Excitement
Change of pace
Emphasis
Shows unity.allows us to tie ideas together and see a
relationship
If All Sentences Were Structured
the Same
Writing would be:
boring, choppy, lack feeling and emphasis
Rihannas charity work and thriving career keep her
plenty busy.
She would also like to spread her wings in other
areas.
She made her debut playing in a movie.
She plans on taking acting lessons.
She can do even more acting.
Combine These Simple Sentences by Using Conjunctions!
Use at least 1 subordinating conjunction and various
FANBOYS! (May use same partner to do this!)
Although Rihannas charity
work and thriving career keep
her plenty busy, she would also
like to spread her wings in other
areas. She made her debut
playing in a movie, and plans
on taking acting lessons, so she
can do even more acting.
Optional Answer:
REVIEW!
*What is a Simple Sentence?
*What is an Independent Clause?
*What is a Compound
Sentence?
Complex Sentences
1 + 1
1 of each!
Definition: 1 independent clause + 1 dependent
clause (at least)
Example: When I go home from school, (Dep)
I like to ride my four wheeler. (Ind)
Whats the subordinating
conjunction in the
dependent clause?
When
Compound -Complex
Sentences
Definition: 2 independent
clauses (at least) + 1
dependent clause (at least)
Example: I enjoy listening to music, and I just bought a new
CD since my grandma gave me money for my birthday.
What is 1 Ind. Clause
you see?
What is the 2
nd
Ind.
Clause you see?
What is the Dep. Clause you see?
Compound -Complex
Sentences
Continued
Example: I enjoy listening to music, and I just bought a new
CD since my grandma gave me money for my birthday.
What specifically is connecting
the 2 Ind. Clauses?
Comma & the Coordinating
Conjunction andRemember, its
a FANBOY!
The Subordinating
Conjunction since
What specifically is introducing
the Dep. Clause?
Structure? Complex
Independent clause?
People begin by deciding their
character
Dependent clause?
who are dressing up for
Halloween
1. People who are dressing up for
Halloween begin by deciding their
character.
Lets Try Some!
Tell what type of sentence structure each
sentence is.
Structure?
Simple
Independent clause?
Gatherings are
frequent
2. In October, like a lot of
other months, gatherings
are frequent.
Noticeno conjunction!
Structure? Compound-Complex
Independent
clause #1 ?
One of the most common
problems is cavities
Dependent
clause?
that trick-or-treaters face
3. One of the most
common problems that
trick-or-treaters face is
cavities; another is
being cold.
Independent
clause #2 ?
another is being cold
Structure? Compound
Independent clause #1 ? Halloween can be fun
Independent clause #2?
You should always be
careful
4. As a rule, Halloween can
be fun, but you should
always be careful.
What is as a rule?
A phrase
The Four Sentence
Structures
SENTENCE
STRUCTURE
INDEPENDENT
CLAUSES
DEPENDENT
CLAUSES
Simple 1 0
Compound 2 or more 0
Complex 1 1 or more
Compound-Complex 2 or more 1 or more