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Circulatory System
ROCHI PARAON BENITO, RN
Infection Control Nurse

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Whats your heart rate?
Average for a
male is 72
beats a
minute.

Average for a
female is 80.

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What will make your heart
work harder?
Exercise
Stress
Eating
Caffeine or other stimulants

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Circulatory System
Covers over 80,000 miles.

Blood circulates about 1,000
times a day.

Its made up of the heart and
the blood vessels.
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The three blood vessels
are
Arteries-carry blood away from
the heart. They have strong
muscular walls. You can feel
your pulse at some arteries.
Veins-carry blood to the heart.
They are slick and smooth.
They have one way valves to
make sure blood only goes one
way.
Capillaries-connect arteries and
veins.
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The Heart
The heart is about the size of
your fist.


It weighs less than a pound.
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Most animal hearts are
good for about 1 billion
beats. Animals with slow
heart rates usually live
longer.
Shrews-1000x minute-about 1
years
Mice-500x minute-about 1-2 years
Rabbit-200x minute-about 6 years
Elephants-25x minute-about 60
years
Blue whales-5-6x minute (3x
when diving)-they can live over
100 years. Their hearts are the size
of a VW Beetle.
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Human Hearts
Should be good
for 2.5 billion
beats.
If you can slow
your heart rate,
you have a good
chance of
spreading those
2.5 billion beats
over more years.
Exercise is one
of the best ways
to lower heart
rates.
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Average heart rates
Fencer-68

Weight lifter-
65

Volleyball
player-60

Sprinter-58
Soccer-55

Rower-50

Swimmer-40

Distance
runner-35
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Blood
Blood will go where it is
needed. To the muscles when
active-to the stomach after
eating.
The average person has 10
pints of blood.
When you donate blood, you
give a pint.
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Functions of Blood
Carries food to cells
Carries away waste
Carries heat
Carries chemicals to fight
disease
Carries oxygen to cells
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Blood is 55% plasma and
45% cells. The blood cells
are
Red-carry oxygen to the body.
Contain hemoglobin which
makes blood red.

White- fight infection.

Platelets-clot blood.

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Transfusions and Blood
Types
First
transfusion
was in 1667.
Lambs blood
was used.
Blood types
were
discovered in
1900 by a
German
scientist, Karl
Landsteiner.

Type A-41%

Type B-10%

Type AB-4%

Type O-45%
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RH Factor
In 1940, Landsteiner
discovered an additional factor
in blood. He named it the RH
factor after his experimental
Rhesus monkeys.
85% of the population is
positive.
15% of the population is
negative.
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The End