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DAYA TAHAN KARDIOVASKULAR
DAYA TAHAN KARDIOVASKULAR

PENGENALAN

DEFINISI

Mohad Anizu Mohd.Nor , 2011 Kecergasan fizikal ke arah hidup sihat sepanjang hayat.

Keupayaan sistem kardiovaskular melakukan kerja bagi tempoh masa yang lama dan berterusan dengan intensiti kerja yang ringan dan sederhana.

Kapasiti kerja fizikal (kecergasan aerobik)

V02max

Ted A.Baumgartner , Andrew S. Jackson, Matthew T. Mahar dan David A. Rowe , 2007

Measurement For Evaluation Penggunaan oksigen (VO2) isipadu oksigen yang telah digunakan oleh badan bagi tempoh masa tertentu. milliters of oxygen per minute (ml.min -1 ) Liters of oxygen per minute (L.min -1 )

VO2max - isipadu oksigen maksimum yang digunakan oleh seseorang

semasa aktiviti fizikal yang memenatkan.

SEJARAH UJIAN

JENIS UJIAN

Continuous Tests to Exhaustion Intermittent Tests Maximal Aerobic Tests Walking/ Running Tests Sport or Tests of
Continuous
Tests to
Exhaustion
Intermittent
Tests
Maximal
Aerobic Tests
Walking/
Running Tests
Sport or
Tests of
Cardiovascula
r Endurance
Group
Specific
Cycle Tests
Submaximal
Step Tests
Tests
Non Exercise
Aerobic
Fitness Tests
Continuous Tests to Exhaustion
Continuous Tests to Exhaustion

Multistage Shuttle Run/ Beep test

Yo-Yo endurance tests - a beep type test with rest periods developed for intermittent sports.

Maximal Oxygen Consumption Test (VO 2max ) Vmax - simplified version of the VO2max test. Bruce Protocol Test Balke Treadmill Test University of Montreal Track Test - the original beep test. Birtwell 40 meter Shuttle Run

Intermittent Tests
Intermittent Tests

Yo-Yo intermittent tests J.A.M. intermittent test

30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (Interval Shuttle Run Test)

Soccer FIT Interval Test FIFA Interval Test 2

Walking/ Running Tests
Walking/ Running Tests

Run tests for set time or distance 20m Run (Miller) Endurance Run / Walk (1 mile) Half Mile Walk

1 km (1000m) Run

1 mile Rockport Walk Test

1 Mile Walk Test

1.6 km (1 mile) Run

1.5 Mile Run

2 km Walk Test

Walking/ Running Tests
Walking/ Running Tests

2.4 km run test

2 Mile Run

3 Mile Run

3 km Run

5 km Run

6 minute run

• • 6 minute walk test

12 minute Cooper test 15 minute Balke test

Sport or Group Specific
Sport or Group Specific

10m Beep Test, designed for children with cerebral palsy (CP). 10m Incremental Shuttle Walk Test for people with COPD. 2 km Rowing Ergometer Test Shuttle Swim Test - for water polo players. Swimming Beep Test Critical Swim Speed Test Swimming Step Test 1 km Swim time trial for triathletes.

450 yd / 500m swimming test or the Elliptical Trainer Test - an alternative to the 1.5 mile run

(Navy PRT)

A Multistage Field Test (MFT) for wheelchair users.

12 minute Wheelchair Aerobic Test Ice Hockey beep test Water Polo Intermittent Shuttle Test

J.A.M. intermittent test a test based on the intensities of a game of Rugby Union.

Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test for soccer players. FIFA Interval Test 2 for soccer referees. Modified Beep Test for Rugby League referees.

Cycle Tests
Cycle Tests

Astrand-Rhyming Bicycle Ergometer Test PWC 170 Test Tri-level aerobic test

Step Tests

Harvard Step Test Queens College Step Test YMCA 3-Minute Step Test The Canadian Home Fitness Test (CHFT) Balke Step Test Chester Step Test Sharkey (Forestry) Step Test

Step in Place Test

Non Exercise Aerobic Fitness Tests

Polar Fitness Test - based on heart rate variation.

Non-Exercise Fitness Test - VO2max using regression equations.

UJIAN PILIHAN

BEEP TEST

KAJIAN LAMPAU

A multi-stage shuttle run as a predictor of running performance and maximal oxygen uptake in adults
A multi-stage shuttle run
as a predictor of running
performance and maximal
oxygen uptake in adults
The repeatability and criterion related validity of the 20 m multistage fitness test as a predictor
The repeatability and
criterion related validity
of the 20 m multistage
fitness test as a predictor
of maximal oxygen uptake
in active young men

V. J. PALICZKA, BEd, A. K. NICHOLS, MEd and C. A. G. BOREHAM, PhD

Brit.J.Sports Med. - Vol. 21, No. 4, December 1987, pp. 163-165

S-M Cooper, J S Baker, R J Tong, E Roberts, M Hanford 2004

Br J Sports Med 2005;39:e19 (http://www.bjsportmed.com/cgi/con tent/full/39/4/e19). doi:

10.1136/bjsm.2004.013078

The reliability and validity of the physical activity questions in the WHO health behaviour in schoolchildren
The reliability and validity of
the physical activity questions
in the WHO health behaviour
in schoolchildren (HBSC)
survey: a population study

M L Booth, A D Okely, T Chey,

A Bauman

Br J Sports Med 2001;35:

263267

A regression equation for the estimation of vo2max in Nepalese male adults
A regression equation for the
estimation of vo2max in
Nepalese male adults

Pinaki Chatterjee1,2 , Alok K. Banerjee2, Paulomi Das3,4,

Parimal Debnath4

Journal of Human Sport and Exercise online (Volume 5 Number 2 May 2010)

Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of amateur rugby league players Validity of 20-MST for predicting VO2max of
Physiological and
anthropometric
characteristics of
amateur rugby league
players
Validity of 20-MST for
predicting VO2max of
adult Singaporean
athletes

Tim J Gabbett

Br J Sports Med

2000;34:303307

John Sproule MSc, C. Kunalan MSc, Michael McNeill MSc and Helen Wright MSc Br J Sp Med 1993; 27(2)

National physical education curriculum: motor and cardiovascular health related fitness in Greek adolescents
National physical
education curriculum:
motor and cardiovascular
health related fitness in
Greek adolescents

Y Koutedakis, C Bouziotas

Br J Sports Med 2003;37:311

314

Fitness testing of tennis players: How valuable is it?
Fitness testing of tennis
players: How valuable is
it?

Jaime Fernandez- Fernandez,1,2 Alexander

Ulbricht,1 Alexander Ferrauti1

Fernandez- Fernandez J, Ulbricht A, Ferrauti A. Br J Sports Med 2014; 48:i22i31.

Physiological characteristics of junior and senior rugby league players
Physiological
characteristics of
junior and senior rugby
league players

T J Gabbett

Br J Sports Med

2002;36:334339

A simple multistage field test for the prediction of anaerobic capacity in female games players
A simple multistage
field test for the
prediction of anaerobic
capacity in female
games players

S-M Cooper, J S Baker, Z E Eaton, N Matthews

Br J Sports Med 2004;38:784789. doi:

10.1136/bjsm.2004.012229

PROSEDUR

Tujuan Ujian

Mengukur prestasi daya tahan kardiovaskular atau VO2 max (Burker

1976, Dish et. Al 1975, Jackson & Coleman 1976)

Peringkat Umur

Pelajar sekolah berumur 11 tahun

Kesahan

r= 82 : fitnessgram

Kebolehpercayaan

Lelaki (r = 82 ) : fitnessgram

Objektif

Perempuan ( r = 79 ) : fitnessgram

Untuk mengukur daya tahan kardiovaskular dengan pengiraan untuk pegambilan oksigen maksimum (VO2max) sebagai kriteria kesahan dan kebolehpercayaan

Prosedur Ujian Bleep

  • 1. Subjek berdiri di belakang garisan kecil

permulaan yg disediakan

  • 2. Permulaan larian bervelositi 8.5 km/j dan meningkatkan 0.5 km/j setiap minit

  • 3. Larian secara berterusan antara garisan 20m dengan masa yg di ambil berdasarkan rakaman beep

  • 4. Selang masa diantara bunyi beep akan dikurangkan setiap minit (peringkat)

  • 5. Hanya satu percubaan sahaja diberikan kepada subjek

Permulaan larian bervelositi 8.5 km/j dan meningkatkan 0.5 km/j setiap minit

Permulaan larian bervelositi 8.5 km/j dan meningkatkan 0.5 km/j setiap minit

Kiraan skor

Skor dikira berdasarkan bilangan peringkat & bilangan shuttle yg dihabiskan oleh mereka

sehingga tidak mampu menyaingi bunyi beep tersebut.

Peringkat dan bilangn shuttle akan ditukar kpd keputusan VO2max melalui pengiraan

“saint”

Contoh borang skor ujian bleep

BORANG

PENGIRAAN