You are on page 1of 32

Quality is doing the right thing

right the first time. Doing it


better and better, better than
before and better than others.

Four Types of Quality Problems:


1. Doing the right thing the wrong way
2. Doing the wrong things the right way
3. Doing the wrong thing the wrong way
4. Doing the right thing right the second
time
All results in defects, scrap, unsold
stocks, excess inventories, high cost, lost
profits.

KAIZEN is the process of nonstop improvement of everything


we do.
there is always a better way

WHO IS THE CUSTOMER?

Are they the buyers, users,


decision makers or financier?

A typical customer dining in a restaurant:


Decides what to buy or order (decision maker)
With his own money (financier)
Purchases or orders the product himself (buyer)
Then consumes it (user)
In health care, who is the
decision maker?
the user?
the financier?
In training who is the
user?
decision maker?
financier?

WHAT CUSTOMERS CARE ABOUT?


1.) order processing
queuing time
service delivery
2.) how he will be treated as he gives his order
shove from one person to another?
unnecessary forms?
front liners knowledgeable and pleasant?

WHAT CUSTOMERS CARE ABOUT? (cont.)


peoples attitude, efficiency, resourcefulness and
flexibility
Underpaid employees will always provide bad
service; but overpaid employees will not
necessarily give good service.
the customer may not be interested if the
company is doing TQM or not. All TQM activities
and initiatives should result in better customer
service and products. Bottom line is will it make
the customer happier?

A total quality company is cost-conscious in a very


different way. It believes that to be cost competitive is
to be price competitive. By treating all costs as
potential profit, it does not consider cost as a
necessary component or basis of price. Cost becomes
profit that is lost or an opportunity to cut price and to
increase sales that is lost.

SALES = COST + PROFIT?

PROFIT = SALES COST?

QUALITY DEFINED
In general sense:
quality may be defined as meeting or exceeding
the expectations of the customers
quality has multiple dimensions in the mind of
the customer
conformance to specifications
value (purpose viz price)
fitness for use (how well product performs
intended purpose
support
Psychological impressions (image, aesthetics)

THE COST OF POOR QUALITY


1. prevention cost (preventing defects before they happen
redesign process
train employees
2. Appraisal cost (quality in operation)
3. Internal Failure Cost (results from defects that are
discovered during the production)
yield losses (defective products scrapped)
rework losses (correcting defects)
4. External Failure (discovered after the customer received
the products)
rework
potential loss sales
warranty cots
litigation

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT


Concept
or
management
system
emphasizing the fact that quality must be
designed and built into a product (defect
preventions than defect detection)

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (cont.)


A management philosophy embracing all
activities through which the needs and
expectations of customers and the
community, and the objective of the
organization are satisfied in the most
efficient and cost effective way by
maximizing the potential of all employees in
the continuing drive for improvement.
Hence, it is continuous improvement in
meeting our customers requirements at
optimum cost through harnessing everyones
commitment.

GUIDING PRINCIPLES OF TQM


APPROACH
SCOPE
SCALE
PHILOSOPHY
STANDARD
MEASURE
THEME

MANAGEMENT LED
COMPANY WISE
EVERYONE RESPONSIBLE
PREVENTION NOT DETECTION
RIGHT FIRST TIME
COST QUALITY
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT

ELEMENTS OF TOTAL QUALITY

Total Quality

Quality
Product

Quality
Process

Quality
People

QUALITY CHAIN REACTION


(Dr. E. Deming)

Improve Quality

costs decrease because of


low rework, fewer mistakes,
fewer delays, snags, better
use of machine time, and
materials
productivity improve
capture the market with better
quality and price
stay in business
provide jobs and more jobs

WHY LOOK AT PROCESSES?


An organization is only as effective as its
processes.
Talented and motivated people can improve
organization performance only as much as the
business processes flow.
Strong people cannot compensate for a weak
processes.
Management often relies on individual or team
heroics to overcome fundamentally flawed
processes.

The Eight Stages to Quality:


1. Quality Mission
Embrace a single and clean quality philosophy
I will build a motorcar for the great multitude. It will be
large enough for the family, but small enough for the
individual to run and care for. It will be constructed of
the best materials, by the best men to be hired, after
the simplest design that modern engineering can
devise. But it will be so low in price that no man
making good salary will be unable to own one and
enjoy with his family the blessings of hours of pleasure
in Gods great open spaces.
- Henry Ford-

The Eight Stages to Quality: (cont.)


2. Quality Leadership
Management should lead and show quality
leadership.
It is easy for a leader to make inspiring
speeches but real quality leadership is
showing your commitment to quality by your
deeds and decisions.
3. Quality Policies
Adopt all systems and structures to suit
total quality objectives. No stone should be
left unturned.

The Eight Stages to Quality: (cont.)


4. Quality Training
Train all employees on quality continuously.
If you think education is expensive, try
ignorance.
5. Quality Empowerment
Empower and trust all employees
Good management consists in showing
average people how to do the work of
superior people.
I not only use all the brains I have, but all I
can borrow.

The Eight Stages to Quality: (cont.)


6. Quality Behavior
numbers 1 to 5 will lead to employees
showing quality behavior and working
habits (stops at red light because of the
policeman)
7. Quality Attitudes
Internalization of quality behavior and
habits result in quality attitudes and values
(stops at red light not because of the
presence of policeman but because of his
genuine concern for his own safety and that
of other.

The Eight Stages to Quality: (cont.)


8. Quality Culture
Every employee displays the same attitudes
and behaviors inside and outside work.
Quality is no longer a matter of choice but of
culture.
Quality is transformed into a
religion.

DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING QUALITY


MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
1. The Preparation Process
Corporate Plan/Strategic Plan
Reorganization/Restructuring
Review, improvement/development of
operation and management system
Staff Development Program
Setup Mechanism

Steering Committee
Quality Management Representative
Chair for Internal Quality Audit
Chair for Document Control

Awareness Seminar on ISO

DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING QUALITY


MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (cont.)
2. QMS Design Proper
Formulation of Quality Policy and Quality
Objective (viz 8 QM principles)
Determining/Clarifying the Business
Process, Responsibilities and Interfaces.
Preparing the Quality Manual

Organizational Mandate, Structure


Quality Policy, Objective
Business Process/Scope of QMS
Procedure Manual

Training Staff for Implementation

DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING QUALITY


MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (cont.)
3. Installing and Operating the QMS
Document and Record Control
Internal Quality Auditing (or First Party
Auditing)
Measurement, Analysis and Evaluation
Pre-Assessment of QMS
Management Review

DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING QUALITY


MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (cont.)
4. Applying for ISO Certification
Negotiating for an External Certification
Body
External Quality Audit
Pre-Audit (optional)
Adequacy Audit (focused on documentation
review)
Compliance Audit (focused on the
compliance to ISO requirement)

Certification

DESIGNING AND DEVELOPING QUALITY


MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (cont.)
5. Sustaining the QMS
Maintaining and Surveillance of the QMS
Internalizing the QMS

TQM puts quality in every concept of


management.
Five pillars of TQM (Creech, 1994)
1. Product
2. Process
3. Organization
4. Leadership
5. Commitment

ISO International Organization for


Standardization
Eight Quality Management Principles:
1. Customer Focus
2. Leadership
3. Involvement of People
4. Process Approach
5. System Approach to Management
6. Continual Improvement
7. Factual Approach to Decision Making
8. Mutually Beneficial Suppliers Relationships

ISO is a world-wide federation of


national standard bodies (ISO member
bodies)
Originally published in 1987
First revision was released in 1994
Latest release was 2008
The standards in the ISO 9000 family
describes
what
elements
quality
systems should encompass but not how
a specific organization implements
these elements

ISO viz APACC and MBQA


ISO
(Quality Mgt. Principles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Customer Focus
Leadership
Involvement of People
Process Approval
System Approach to
Management
6. Continual
Improvement
7. Factual Approach to
Decision Making
8. Mutually Beneficial
Supplier Relationships

APACC
(Criteria)

MBQA
(Criteria)

1. Governance and
Management (100)
2. Teaching and Learning
(250)
3. Faculty and Staff (150)
4. Research and
Development (100)
5. Extension Consultancy
Linkages (100)
6. Resources (200)
7. Support to Students
(100)

1. Leadership (120)
2. Strategic Planning (85)
3. Customer and Public
Focus (85)
4. Information and
Analysis (90)
5. Human Resources
Forms (85)
6. Process Management
(85)
7. Organization
Performance Results
(400)

QMS CHAIN
Other
Sources
of info.

Supplier
Transform into
producer

what skills/occupation?

Policies, Plans

TESDA RO-PO
(Standards
Development)

TVI
(Training
Delivery)

AC
(Assessment
Delivery)

Firm/ Industry
(Employer)

Standards
Devt. Process

UTPRAS-QMS

Training
Delivery Process

Assessment
Process

Manufacturing

An

An

Activity

Activity

An

An

An

An

An

An

QMS

QMS

QMS

QMS

QMS

ISO
Certification

ISO
Certification

ISO
Certification

ISO
Certification

ISO
Certification

needs/
wants

Consumer
(user of
goods/services)