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MMMary Ann L.

Baricar

Climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest,


tropical savanna or tropical monsoon, or humid subtropical (in
higher-altitude areas) characterized by relatively high
temperature, oppressive humidity and plenty of rainfall. There
are two seasons in the country, the wet season and the dry
season, based upon the amount of rainfall. This is dependent as
well on your location in the country as some areas experience
rain all throughout the year.

The

Weather in the Philippines is monitored and managed


by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and
Astronomical Services Administration (known locally
by its acronym, PAGASA).

RAINFALL
The summer monsoon brings heavy rains to most
of the archipelago from May to October. Annual
rainfall in the northern Philippines can be traced to
tropical cyclones, while the southern islands
receiving less than 10 percent of their annual
rainfall from tropical cyclones. The wettest known
tropical cyclone to impact the archipelago was the
July 1911 cyclone, which dropped over 1,168
millimetres (46.0 in) of rainfall within a 24-hour
period in Baguio City.
Evening Thunderstorms, bringing rain over the
Philippines is common from March to October.

Rainfall

Rainfall is the most important climatic element in the Philippines. Rainfall


distribution throughout the country varies from one region to another,
depending upon the direction of the moisture-bearing winds and the
location of the mountain systems.
The mean annual rainfall of the Philippines varies from 965 to 4,064
millimeters annually. Baguio City, eastern Samar, and eastern Surigao
receive the greatest amount of rainfall while the southern portion of
Cotabato receives the least amount of rain. At General Santos City in
Cotabato, the average annual rainfall is only 978 millimeters.

TEMPERATURE
Based on the average of all weather stations in the Philippines, excluding Baguio, the
mean annual temperature is 26.6o C. The coolest months fall in January with a mean
temperature of 25.5oC while the warmest month occurs in May with a mean temperature
of 28.3oC. Latitude is an insignificant factor in the variation of temperature while altitude
shows greater contrast in temperature. Thus, the mean annual temperature of Baguio with
an elevation of 1,500 meters is 18.3oC. This makes the temperature of Baguio comparable
with those in the temperate climate and because of this, it is known as the summer
capital of the Philippines.
The difference between the mean annual temperature of the southernmost station in
Zamboanga and that of the northermost station in Laoag is insignificant. In other words,
there is essentially no difference in the mean annual temperature of places in Luzon,
Visayas or Mindanao measured at or near sea level.

The average year-round temperature measured from


all Weather Stations in the Philippines.

Humidity

Humidity refers to the moisture content of the atmosphere. Due to high


temperature and the surrounding bodies of water, the Philippines has a
high relative humidity. The average monthly relative humidty varies
between 71 percent in March and 85 percent in September. The
combination of warm temperature and high relative and absolute
humidities give rise to high sensible temperature throughout the
archipelago. It is especially uncomfortable during March to May, when
temperature and humidity attain their maximum levels.

The Seasons
Using temperature and rainfall as bases, the climate of the
country can be divided into two major seasons: (1) the rainy
season, from June to November; and (2) the dry season, from
December to May. The dry season may be subdivided further
into (a) the cool dry season, from December to February; and
(b) the hot dry season, from March to May.

TYPHOONS
Bagy is the local term to any tropical cyclone in the Philippine
Islands. From the statistics gathered by PAGASA from 1948 to
2004, around an average of 20 storms and/or typhoons per
year enter the PAR (Philippine Area of Responsibility) - the
designated area assigned to PAGASA to monitor during
weather disturbances. Those that made landfall or crossed the
Philippines, the average was nine per year. In 1993, a record
19 typhoons made landfall in the country making it the most
in one year. The least amount per year were 4 during the
years 1955, 1958, 1992 and 1997.

TYPHOONS
PAGASA categorizes typhoons into four types according to
wind speed. Once a tropical cyclone enters the Philippine
Area of Responsibility, regardless of strength, PAGASA
gives it a local name for identification purposes by the
media, government, and the general public.

Typhoons

have a great influence on the climate and weather conditions of


the Philippines. A great portion of the rainfall, humidity and cloudiness are
due to the influence of typhoons. They generally originate in the region of
the Marianas and Caroline Islands of the Pacific Ocean which have the same
latitudinal location as Mindanao. Their movements follow a northwesterly
direction, sparing Mindanao from being directly hit by majorty of the
typhoons that cross the country. This makes the southern Philippines very
desirable for agriculture and industrial development.

Trivia !! A H A

Tropical rainforests are a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry


season all years have mean precipitation values of at least 60 mm (2.36
inches). Tropical rainforest climates have no pronounced summer or winter;
it is typically hot and wet throughout the year and rainfall is both heavy
and frequent. One day in an equatorial climate can be very similar to the
next, while the change in temperature between day and night may be larger
than the average change in temperature along the year.

Worldwide zones of Tropical rainforest climate(Af)

Asia/Pacific

Apia, Samoa

Davao City, Philippines


Tacloban, Leyte, Philippines

Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam


Banjarmasin, Indonesia
Biak, Indonesia
Colombo, Sri Lanka
George Town, Malaysia
Innisfail, Australia
Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Kuching, Malaysia
Medan, Indonesia
Padang, Indonesia
Palembang, Indonesia
Pekanbaru, Indonesia
Singapore
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, Sri Lanka
Tabubil, Papua New Guinea

Notable
cities with
rainforest
climate

Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate have


monthly mean temperature above18 C (64 F) in every month of
the year and typically a pronounced dry season, with the driest
month having precipitation less than 60 mm and also less than (100
[total annual precipitation {mm}/25]). This latter fact is in direct
contrast to a tropical monsoon climate, whose driest month sees less
than 60 mm of precipitation but has more than (100 [total annual
precipitation {mm}/25]). In essence, a tropical savanna climate tends
to either see less rainfall than a tropical monsoon climate or have
more pronounced dry seasons.

Worldwide zones of Tropical savanna climate (Aw).

Tropical monsoon climate, occasionally also known as atropical wet


climate or tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate in climate
classification , is a relatively rare type of climate that corresponds to
the Kppen climate classification category "Am."
Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18C in
every month of the year and feature wet and dry seasons, as Tropical savanna
climates do. Unlike tropical savanna climates however, a tropical monsoon
climate's driest month sees less than 60 mm of precipitation but more than
(100 [total annual precipitation {mm}/25]). Also a tropical monsoon climate
tends to see less variance in temperatures during the course of the year than a
tropical savanna climate. This climate has a driest month which nearly always
occurs at or soon after.

Worldwide zones of tropical monsoon climate (Am).

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of subtropical climate


characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool
winters. Under the Kppen climate definition, this category of
climate type covers a broad range of attributes, especially in terms of
winter temperatures. The term "subtropical" may be a misnomer for
locations along the cooler ranges. The Kppen definition of this
climate is for the coldest month's mean temperature to be
between 3 C (26.6 F) and 18 C (64.4 F), and the warmest
month to be above 22 C (71.6 F). Some climatologists prefer to
use 0 C (32 F) as the lower bound for the coldest month's mean
temperature. It is either accompanied with a dry winter or has
no distinguished dry season (Kppen:

Humid subtropical climate zones of the world

The deadliest typhoon to impact the Philippines


was Typhoon Uring (Thelma) in November
1991, in which 5,080 lives were lost from its
resultant flooding and over 1,200 went missing.

The highest wind velocity recorded for a


typhoon that crossed the Philippines was
recorded in Virac on November 30, 2006 when
Typhoon Reming (Durian) had a peak gust of
320 km/h (198 mph).