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Review Powerpoint for the book: Elementary Statistics 12th Edition by Mario F. Triola

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Chapter 7:

Estimates and Sample Sizes

Elementary Statistics

Twelfth Edition

and the Triola Statistics Series

by Mario F. Triola

to a level of confidence of 98%.

A. 2.575

B. 2.33

C. 1.75

D. 2.05

to a level of confidence of 98%.

A. 2.575

B. 2.33

C. 1.75

1- = 0.98

/2 = 0.01

D. 2.05

confidence interval used to estimate the

population proportion with n = 163 and x = 96.

A. 0.0680

B. 0.0755

C. 0.132

D. 0.00291

confidence interval used to estimate the

population proportion with n = 163 and x = 96.

A. 0.0680

B. 0.0755

C. 0.132

D. 0.00291

in a laboratory, 291 lasted more than 500

hours. Find a point estimate of the true

proportion of all light bulbs that last more than

500 hours.

A. 0.632

B. 0.366

C. 0.388

D. 0.634

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

find the margin of error E.

College students annual earnings:

99% confidence, n = 74, x = $3967, = $874

A. $262

B. $9

C. $237

D. $1187

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

find the margin of error E.

College students annual earnings:

99% confidence, n = 74, x = $3967, = $874

A. $262

B. $9

C. $237

D. $1187

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

of wooden dowels, the manufacturer

measures 19 randomly selected dowels and

finds the standard deviation of the sample to

be s = 0.16. Find the 95% confidence interval

for the population standard deviation .

A. 0.13 < < 0.22

B. 0.12 < < 0.24

C. 0.11 < < 0.25

D. 0.15 < < 0.21

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

10

of wooden dowels, the manufacturer

measures 19 randomly selected dowels and

finds the standard deviation of the sample to

be s = 0.16. Find the 95% confidence interval

for the population standard deviation .

A. 0.13 < < 0.22

B. 0.12 < < 0.24

C. 0.11 < < 0.25

n 1 s2

2

R

n 1 s2

2

L

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

11

Construction of a confidence interval for the population

standard deviation requires the left and right critical

values of 2 corresponding to a confidence level of 95%

and a sample size of n = 22. What are the critical 2

values corresponding to a 95% level of confidence.

A. 2L=33.924, 2R=12.338

B. 2L=10.283, 2R=35.479

C. 2L=11.591, 2R=32.671

D. 2L=12.338, 2R=33.924

12

Construction of a confidence interval for the population

standard deviation requires the left and right critical

values of 2 corresponding to a confidence level of 95%

and a sample size of n = 22. What are the critical 2

values corresponding to a 95% level of confidence.

A. 2L=33.924, 2R=12.338

B. 2L=10.283, 2R=35.479

C. 2L=11.591, 2R=32.671

D. 2L=12.338, 2R=33.924

13

A. Population Mean

B. Sample Statistic

C. Population Proportion

D. Population Variance

14

A. Population Mean

B. Sample Statistic

C. Population Proportion

D. Population Variance

15

asking if they had eaten breakfast this morning. 839

students said that they had eaten breakfast.

A.

B.

C.

D.

p= 0.3

p= 0.75

p= 0.55

p= 0.81

16

asking if they had eaten breakfast this morning. 839

students said that they had eaten breakfast.

A.

B.

C.

D.

p= 0.3

p= 0.75

p= 0.55

p= 0.81

17

confidence level of 98%. What is /2?

A./2 = 0.20

B./2 = 0.02

C./2 = 0.98

D./2 = 0.01

18

confidence level of 98%. What is /2?

A./2 = 0.20

B./2 = 0.02

C./2 = 0.98

D./2 = 0.01

19

observed proportion p and the true value of the

population proportion P.

B. The lower limit of a Confidence Interval

C. The level of confidence of a study

D. None of the above options is correct.

20

observed proportion p and the true value of the

population proportion P.

B. The lower limit of a Confidence Interval

C. The level of confidence of a study

D. None of the above options is correct.

21

a Population Proportion, the following must be true:

A.The sample is a simple random sample.

B.The conditions for the binomial distribution are satisfied:

there is a fixed number of trials, the trials are independent,

there are two categories of outcomes, and the

probabilities remain constant for each trial.

C. There are at least 5 successes and 5 failures.

D.All of the above options are true.

22

a Population Proportion, the following must be true:

A.The sample is a simple random sample.

B.The conditions for the binomial distribution are satisfied:

there is a fixed number of trials, the trials are independent,

there are two categories of outcomes, and the

probabilities remain constant for each trial.

C. There are at least 5 successes and 5 failures.

D.All of the above options are true.

23

adults showed that 85% of respondents know what Twitter

is. The margin or Error, E, that corresponds to a 95%

confidence level is:

A.0.022

B.0.425

C.0.081

D.0.333

24

adults showed that 85% of respondents know what Twitter

is. The margin or Error, E, that corresponds to a 95%

confidence level is:

A.0.022

B.0.425

C.0.081

pq

E z 2

1.96

n

E 0.0220545

0.85 0.15

1007

D.0.333

25

is

p

B. =p

0.5

C. =p

0.005

D. =p

0.95

A. = 0.25

26

is

p

B. =p

0.5

C. =p

0.005

D. =p

0.95

A. = 0.25

27

confident that the sample percentage is in error by no

more than three percentage points? Use a recent result

from the Census Bureau indicating that 66% of adults buy

clothing online. (Round to next largest whole number.)

A.n = 536

B.n = 484

C.n = 1008

D.n = 958

28

confident that the sample percentage is in error by no

more than three percentage points? Use a recent result

from the Census Bureau indicating that 66% of adults buy

clothing online. (Round to next largest whole number.)

A.n = 536

B.n = 484

C.n = 1008

D.n = 958

pq

E2

2

0.03

2

957.839

958

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

29

that the Population is normally distributed or that

A.The population is crazy

B.The confidence level is 99%

C.The sample size is greater than 30

D.The margin of error is less than 1%.

30

that the Population is normally distributed or that

A.The population is crazy

B.The confidence level is 99%

C.The sample size is greater than 30

D.The margin of error is less than 1%.

31

to know the level of confidence as well as the

A.Degree of freedom

B.Margin of Error

C.Confidence Interval

D.None of the above options.

32

to know the level of confidence as well as the

A.Degree of freedom

B.Margin of Error

C.Confidence Interval

D.None of the above options.

33

for looking up a critical value in the T-Distribution table is

A.15

B.30

C.2

D.14

34

for looking up a critical value in the T-Distribution table is

A.15

B.30

C.2

D.14

35

interval constructed for a Population Mean is given as

E ta

s

n

when is known.

A.True

B.False

36

interval constructed for a Population Mean is given as

E ta

s

n

when is known.

A.True

B.False

37

treated with doses of raw garlic, and their cholesterol

levels were measured before and after the treatment.

The changes in their levels of LDL cholesterol (in mg/dL)

have a mean of 0.4 and a standard deviation of 21.0.

What is the Margin of Error? Assume a Confidence Level

of 95%.

A.3.196

B.6.027

C.21.39

D.9.26

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

38

treated with doses of raw garlic, and their cholesterol

levels were measured before and after the treatment.

The changes in their levels of LDL cholesterol (in mg/dL)

have a mean of 0.4 and a standard deviation of 21.0.

What is the Margin of Error? Assume a Confidence Level

of 95%.

= 0.05.

n = 49

df = 49 1 = 48

A.3.196

Closest df is 50

B.6.027

so t a 2= 2.009

s = 21.0

C.21.39

D.9.26

E ta s / n

2

39

gets

A.flatter

B.skewed

C.Closer to the normal distribution

D.None of the above options is correct.

40

gets

A.flatter

B.skewed

C.Closer to the normal distribution

D.None of the above options is correct.

41

the population of statistics students. We are told that the

maximum and minimum values are 100 and 160,

respectively. How many statistics students must be

randomly selected for IQ tests if we want 95% confidence

that the sample mean is within 3 IQ points of the

population mean?

A.97

B.35

C.109

D.2

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

42

the population of statistics students. We are told that the

maximum and minimum values are 100 and 160,

respectively. How many statistics students must be

randomly selected for IQ tests if we want 95% confidence

that the sample mean is within 3 IQ points of the

2

population mean?

( za )

2

n

E

A.97

When is not known,

range / 4

B.35

C.109

1.96 15

n

96.04

D.2

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

43

of population variance, 2, if you want to be 99% confident

that the sample variance is within 5% of the population

variance?

A.768

B.3149

C.5458

D.1336

44

of population variance, 2, if you want to be 99% confident

that the sample variance is within 5% of the population

variance?

A.768

B.3149

C.5458

D.1336

45

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