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Active Learning Lecture Slides

Chapter 7:
Estimates and Sample Sizes

Elementary Statistics
Twelfth Edition
and the Triola Statistics Series

by Mario F. Triola

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Find the critical value for z/2 that corresponds


to a level of confidence of 98%.

A. 2.575
B. 2.33
C. 1.75
D. 2.05

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Find the critical value for z/2 that corresponds


to a level of confidence of 98%.

A. 2.575
B. 2.33
C. 1.75

1- = 0.98
/2 = 0.01

D. 2.05

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Find the margin of error for the 95%


confidence interval used to estimate the
population proportion with n = 163 and x = 96.

A. 0.0680
B. 0.0755
C. 0.132
D. 0.00291

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Find the margin of error for the 95%


confidence interval used to estimate the
population proportion with n = 163 and x = 96.

A. 0.0680
B. 0.0755
C. 0.132
D. 0.00291

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

459 randomly selected light bulbs were tested


in a laboratory, 291 lasted more than 500
hours. Find a point estimate of the true
proportion of all light bulbs that last more than
500 hours.

A. 0.632
B. 0.366
C. 0.388
D. 0.634
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Use the confidence level and sample data to


find the margin of error E.
College students annual earnings:
99% confidence, n = 74, x = $3967, = $874

A. $262
B. $9
C. $237
D. $1187
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

Use the confidence level and sample data to


find the margin of error E.
College students annual earnings:
99% confidence, n = 74, x = $3967, = $874

A. $262
B. $9

E, for mean, when is known

C. $237
D. $1187
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

To find the standard deviation of the diameter


of wooden dowels, the manufacturer
measures 19 randomly selected dowels and
finds the standard deviation of the sample to
be s = 0.16. Find the 95% confidence interval
for the population standard deviation .
A. 0.13 < < 0.22
B. 0.12 < < 0.24
C. 0.11 < < 0.25
D. 0.15 < < 0.21
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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To find the standard deviation of the diameter


of wooden dowels, the manufacturer
measures 19 randomly selected dowels and
finds the standard deviation of the sample to
be s = 0.16. Find the 95% confidence interval
for the population standard deviation .
A. 0.13 < < 0.22
B. 0.12 < < 0.24
C. 0.11 < < 0.25

n 1 s2

2
R

n 1 s2

2
L

D. 0.15 < < 0.21


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A simple random sample of 22 IQ scores is obtained.


Construction of a confidence interval for the population
standard deviation requires the left and right critical
values of 2 corresponding to a confidence level of 95%
and a sample size of n = 22. What are the critical 2
values corresponding to a 95% level of confidence.

A. 2L=33.924, 2R=12.338
B. 2L=10.283, 2R=35.479
C. 2L=11.591, 2R=32.671
D. 2L=12.338, 2R=33.924

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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A simple random sample of 22 IQ scores is obtained.


Construction of a confidence interval for the population
standard deviation requires the left and right critical
values of 2 corresponding to a confidence level of 95%
and a sample size of n = 22. What are the critical 2
values corresponding to a 95% level of confidence.

A. 2L=33.924, 2R=12.338
B. 2L=10.283, 2R=35.479
C. 2L=11.591, 2R=32.671
D. 2L=12.338, 2R=33.924

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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A Sample Proportion is the best Point Estimate of

A. Population Mean
B. Sample Statistic
C. Population Proportion
D. Population Variance

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A Sample Proportion is the best Point Estimate of

A. Population Mean
B. Sample Statistic
C. Population Proportion
D. Population Variance

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The school conducted a survey of 1038 college students,


asking if they had eaten breakfast this morning. 839
students said that they had eaten breakfast.
A.
B.
C.
D.

p= 0.3
p= 0.75
p= 0.55
p= 0.81

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The school conducted a survey of 1038 college students,


asking if they had eaten breakfast this morning. 839
students said that they had eaten breakfast.
A.
B.
C.
D.

p= 0.3
p= 0.75
p= 0.55
p= 0.81

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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It is desired to construct a confidence interval with a


confidence level of 98%. What is /2?

A./2 = 0.20
B./2 = 0.02
C./2 = 0.98
D./2 = 0.01

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It is desired to construct a confidence interval with a


confidence level of 98%. What is /2?

A./2 = 0.20
B./2 = 0.02
C./2 = 0.98
D./2 = 0.01

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One definition of the Margin of Error, denoted by E, is

A. the maximum likely difference between the


observed proportion p and the true value of the
population proportion P.
B. The lower limit of a Confidence Interval
C. The level of confidence of a study
D. None of the above options is correct.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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One definition of the Margin of Error, denoted by E, is

A. the maximum likely difference between the


observed proportion p and the true value of the
population proportion P.
B. The lower limit of a Confidence Interval
C. The level of confidence of a study
D. None of the above options is correct.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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In order to Construct a Confidence Interval for estimating


a Population Proportion, the following must be true:
A.The sample is a simple random sample.
B.The conditions for the binomial distribution are satisfied:
there is a fixed number of trials, the trials are independent,
there are two categories of outcomes, and the
probabilities remain constant for each trial.
C. There are at least 5 successes and 5 failures.
D.All of the above options are true.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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In order to Construct a Confidence Interval for estimating


a Population Proportion, the following must be true:
A.The sample is a simple random sample.
B.The conditions for the binomial distribution are satisfied:
there is a fixed number of trials, the trials are independent,
there are two categories of outcomes, and the
probabilities remain constant for each trial.
C. There are at least 5 successes and 5 failures.
D.All of the above options are true.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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A Pew Research Center poll of 1007 randomly selected


adults showed that 85% of respondents know what Twitter
is. The margin or Error, E, that corresponds to a 95%
confidence level is:
A.0.022
B.0.425
C.0.081
D.0.333

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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A Pew Research Center poll of 1007 randomly selected


adults showed that 85% of respondents know what Twitter
is. The margin or Error, E, that corresponds to a 95%
confidence level is:
A.0.022
B.0.425
C.0.081

pq
E z 2
1.96
n
E 0.0220545

0.85 0.15
1007

D.0.333

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When computing sample size and no estimate of p


is

known, it is best to assume:

p
B. =p
0.5
C. =p
0.005
D. =p
0.95
A. = 0.25

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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When computing sample size and no estimate of p


is

known, it is best to assume:

p
B. =p
0.5
C. =p
0.005
D. =p
0.95
A. = 0.25

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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How many adults must be surveyed in order to be 95%


confident that the sample percentage is in error by no
more than three percentage points? Use a recent result
from the Census Bureau indicating that 66% of adults buy
clothing online. (Round to next largest whole number.)
A.n = 536
B.n = 484
C.n = 1008
D.n = 958

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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How many adults must be surveyed in order to be 95%


confident that the sample percentage is in error by no
more than three percentage points? Use a recent result
from the Census Bureau indicating that 66% of adults buy
clothing online. (Round to next largest whole number.)
A.n = 536
B.n = 484
C.n = 1008
D.n = 958

pq

E2

1.96 0.66 0.34

2
0.03
2

957.839
958
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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In order to estimate the Population Mean, we must know


that the Population is normally distributed or that
A.The population is crazy
B.The confidence level is 99%
C.The sample size is greater than 30
D.The margin of error is less than 1%.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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In order to estimate the Population Mean, we must know


that the Population is normally distributed or that
A.The population is crazy
B.The confidence level is 99%
C.The sample size is greater than 30
D.The margin of error is less than 1%.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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To locate a critical value in a T-Distribution table, we need


to know the level of confidence as well as the

A.Degree of freedom
B.Margin of Error
C.Confidence Interval
D.None of the above options.

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To locate a critical value in a T-Distribution table, we need


to know the level of confidence as well as the

A.Degree of freedom
B.Margin of Error
C.Confidence Interval
D.None of the above options.

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If my sample size = 15, the degree of freedom that I need


for looking up a critical value in the T-Distribution table is

A.15
B.30
C.2
D.14

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If my sample size = 15, the degree of freedom that I need


for looking up a critical value in the T-Distribution table is

A.15
B.30
C.2
D.14

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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The expression for Margin of Error for the confidence


interval constructed for a Population Mean is given as

E ta

s
n

when is known.

A.True
B.False

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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The expression for Margin of Error for the confidence


interval constructed for a Population Mean is given as

E ta

s
n

when is known.

A.True
B.False

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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In a test of the effectiveness of garlic, 49 subjects were


treated with doses of raw garlic, and their cholesterol
levels were measured before and after the treatment.
The changes in their levels of LDL cholesterol (in mg/dL)
have a mean of 0.4 and a standard deviation of 21.0.
What is the Margin of Error? Assume a Confidence Level
of 95%.
A.3.196
B.6.027
C.21.39
D.9.26
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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In a test of the effectiveness of garlic, 49 subjects were


treated with doses of raw garlic, and their cholesterol
levels were measured before and after the treatment.
The changes in their levels of LDL cholesterol (in mg/dL)
have a mean of 0.4 and a standard deviation of 21.0.
What is the Margin of Error? Assume a Confidence Level
of 95%.
= 0.05.
n = 49
df = 49 1 = 48
A.3.196
Closest df is 50
B.6.027
so t a 2= 2.009
s = 21.0
C.21.39
D.9.26

E ta s / n
2

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As the sample size n gets larger, the Student t distribution


gets
A.flatter
B.skewed
C.Closer to the normal distribution
D.None of the above options is correct.

Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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As the sample size n gets larger, the Student t distribution


gets
A.flatter
B.skewed
C.Closer to the normal distribution
D.None of the above options is correct.

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Assume that we want to estimate the mean IQ score for


the population of statistics students. We are told that the
maximum and minimum values are 100 and 160,
respectively. How many statistics students must be
randomly selected for IQ tests if we want 95% confidence
that the sample mean is within 3 IQ points of the
population mean?
A.97
B.35
C.109
D.2
Copyright 2014, 2010, 2007 Pearson Education, Inc.

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Assume that we want to estimate the mean IQ score for


the population of statistics students. We are told that the
maximum and minimum values are 100 and 160,
respectively. How many statistics students must be
randomly selected for IQ tests if we want 95% confidence
that the sample mean is within 3 IQ points of the
2
population mean?
( za )
2

n
E

A.97
When is not known,

range / 4

B.35
C.109

1.96 15
n

96.04

D.2
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What is the minimum required sample size for an estimate


of population variance, 2, if you want to be 99% confident
that the sample variance is within 5% of the population
variance?
A.768
B.3149
C.5458
D.1336

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What is the minimum required sample size for an estimate


of population variance, 2, if you want to be 99% confident
that the sample variance is within 5% of the population
variance?
A.768
B.3149
C.5458
D.1336

See Table 7-2, Pg. 367

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