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BIOLOGY FORM 4

SUBTOPICS
1.1 The Study of Biology
1.2 Scientific Investigation

1.1 - THE STUDY OF


BIOLOGY
Learning Outcomes :
To state what the study of Biology
is,
To explain the importance of
Biology,
To list the different fields of study in
Biology,
To list the careers related to
Biology,

What is Biology?
Do you know what is the meaning
of Biology?
Biology comes from Greek
word.
Biology is ..

What is Biology?

Includes studying

The structure & cellular organisation &


function of living things,
The life processes of living things such
as respiration, growth, development,
reproduction
The characteristics of different groups @
categories of living things,
The plant & animal life of a specific area
or region,
The interaction of living things with one
another & with their environment

CHARACTERISTICS OF LIVING
THINGS

Response to stimuli
Nutrition
Respiration
Metabolism
Growth
Reproduction
Excretion
Able to adapt to different
environments
Locomotion

IMPORTANCE OF
BIOLOGY

To learn more about ourselves (best


reason)

To understand heredity & the inheritance


of genetic abnormalities that cause
diseases.
To understand the function of organisms
To find treatment for diseases (create new
medicine)
For leisure gardening, fishing,
cooking & bird-watching

IMPORTANCE OF
BIOLOGY
Helps researchers to study human biology

slow aging process, cure genetic diseases &


help paralysed people by making nerve cells
grow again

For better management on environmental


problems
Improved quality & production of food
Provides numerous opportunities for
rewarding & challenging career, especially in
biotechnology

FIELDS
OF
STUDY IN

BIOLOGY

STRUCTURE &
FUNCTION
Anatomy

the structure & organisation of

organisms

Biochemistry

elements, compounds &


chemical reactions in living organisms

Cytology - cells
Histology - tissues
Morphology the form @ shape of an
organism

Physiology

mechanical, physical &


biochemical functions of living organisms

MAJOR GROUPING of
ORGANISMS

Bacteriology
Botany
Entomology Ichthyology
Microbiology
Mycology
Ornithology
Taxonomy
Virology

cells
study of fishes

study of birds

DEVELOPMENT of
ORGANISMS
Embryology

dev. of the

embryo

Evolutionary biology
concerned with the origin & descent
of species

Genetics

deals with heredity


transmission & the variation

Developmental biology

the
process by which organisms grow &
develop

ORGANISMS & THEIR


ENVIRONMENT
Ecology

the distribution & abundance of


organisms, their habitat & the interactions
between them & their environment

Ethology study of animal behaviour


Biogeography

APPLIED BIOLOGY
Agriculture
Biotechnology

any technological
application that uses biological systems, living
organisms or derivations thereof, to make or
modify products or processes for specific use

Fisheries
Forestry
Medicine
Veterinary medicine
Dentistry

CAREER RELATED TO
BIOLOGY
Agriculturalist, aquaculturalist, biochemist,
biotechnologist, botanist, dietitian,
ecologist, ethologist, forester, geneticist,
horticulturist, microbiologist, mycologist,
neurobiologist, optometrist, pediatrician,
physiotherapist, surgeon, toxicologist,
veterinarian, zoologist, doctor
(physician), teacher, lecturer,
researcher.etc.

OPSS.dont forget your exercise!!!

EXERCISE 1.1