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FORM PRESSING

Form-pressing equipment is used


primarily for the final pressing in
garment production or for
renovating garments in drycleaning plants.
Form presses are made in the
approximate shape of the finished
garment.

FORM PRESSING
Expandable/collapsible bags
made in the approximate form.
Steam is forced from the inside of
the form through the garment.
This gives the garment its final
form and shape.

FORM PRESSING
Form presses are designed to
reduce the amount of positioning
and repositioning time.
The entire garment is pressed with
one surge (rise and move as wave) of
steam.
This type of press smoothes garment
fabric, but it does not set creases.

STEAMERS
Steamers are pressing machines
that use only steam to mold and
smooth the garment.
The major type of steamers are
steam jets, steam guns, steam
puffs, and steam tunnels or
chambers.
These devices may be used either
to form and stabilize garment
shape or to smooth the surface of

STEAM TUNNELS
Steam tunnels or chambers are
used for finish pressing.
Garments are dewrinkled within a
chamber by the average pressure
of the circulating steam.
Steam chambers may operate
intermittently, as racks of
garments are loaded and unloaded,
or continuously, with garments
carried by rail or conveyor.

STEAM TUNNELS
In some conveyorized systems,
garments may be carried over the
nozzle of a steam jet, for the
garment to receive the full force
of the steam pressure.
Some steam tunnels have drying
chambers that use dry heat to
extract moisture from the garment
before packaging.

STEAM TUNNELS
Steam tunnels are used for pressing
finished garments that do not need
creasing or molding of any kind.
Steam tunnels drastically reduce
labor costs and process garments at
a rate of 1,200 to 3,600 units per
hour.

BOILERS/STEAM GENERATORS
Boilers, steam generators, and/or
vacuum systems are essential
parts of any pressing system
because they generate the steam
and air pressure required.
Quantity of steam has a major
impact on production cycle time
and the appearance of the finished
garment.
These systems are available in

BOILERS/STEAM
GENERATORS
Safety controls and efficiency of
these units are major
considerations when purchasing
equipment.
The cost and time required for
producing steam contribute
directly to the cost of operating
the pressing equipment and the
rate of production.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
Advancements in finishing
technology focus on several areas:
(1)Greater versatility.
(2)More precision in determining
exact pressing requirements of
fabrics and finishes.
(3)Improved quality.
(4)Energy savings.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
Microprocessors with a wide
variety of settings, can control
factors such as conveyor speed,
steam and air volume, and
temperatures.
Computers determine settings and
control the processing so that
each garment can be treated in
exactly the same manner.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
Carousel pressing combines
several pressing operations
under direction of one operator at
one workstation, minimizing
handling.
Energy costs are high, and many
equipment manufacturers have
concentrated their efforts on
improving the energy efficiency of
pressing systems.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
They have increased the insulation
to prevent heat loss.
Developed self-contained
systems so the source of heat and
steam is closer to the pressing
unit.
Included vacuum systems to
reduce the amount of heat and
steam needed the effective
pressing.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
In some new pressing equipment, the
steam generator and pressing
devices are included in a selfcontained unit, which makes the
equipment portable.
Advancements in buck pressing
include more automation, with less
operator handling and control.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
Automated buck presses control
the amount of time, temperature,
and pressure for the steam
application and the vacuum cycle.
The head releases automatically
when the determined amount of
time lapses.
This guarantees each garment
equal exposure to steam and
extraction.

TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS
With manually operated presses,
the operator control the time of
exposure, which leads to
variability in garment treatment.
Steam tunnels may be
automated, too.
The steaming, drying, and degree
of exposure may be controlled by
microprocessors to provide
consistency throughout the

TYPES OF TABLES
There are three types of iron tables
available.
(1)Vacuum table
(2)Up-steam table
(3)Blow up table
() In vacuum table, the vacuum is
sucked through the table surface to
lay the garment flat on the surface
as well as suck the residual
moisture and heat from the garment
after ironing.

TYPES OF TABLES
In up-steam table, steam comes up
from table surface through
garments thus moistening the
garment.
This is used for knitted garments,
where ironing is not advisable as
the movement of the iron deforms
distribution of steam and suction
over the whole surface.

TYPES OF TABLES
Inclination of the surface is possible
by 6,9 or 12.
All parts contacted by steam are
made of stainless steel.
This prevents spots from corrosion
and guarantees a long working life
and trouble free operation.

TYPES OF TABLES
Blow up table is unique for any
garment pressing, without leaving
any marks.
The upward thrust of air from the
table prevents ironing marks on
the garments.
Air blowing is used in combination
with vacuum to assist in finishing
the garment, without leaving
marks.

TYPES OF TABLES
When a vacuum is used, the garment
is drawn towards the pressing
surface.
On multiple plies, it leaves
impression marks (due to seamlines).
Using air blowing, the garment is
expanded and pressed on a cushion
of air where ironing is possible
without putting in marks.
This is especially good on lined
garments and silks.

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


The table surface with proper
vacuum suction system helps keep
the garment cool and dry in a
minimal time.
To maintain proper suction, it is
very important to have a proper
cover system which should not be
too hard or too soft.
The cover cloth should be porous to
be able to draw the vacuum through
the garment to dry and cool it.

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


Conventional pressers sometimes
use other materials.
They make a very soft surface but it
has a tendency to cause the iron to
dig into the fabric and leave marks.
Cloth-cover should also be heatresistant and processed for antistatic electricity.

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


Proper combination of cover systems
assists in achieving better and
uniform suction across the suction
table.
There are Five layers:
(1)Top Cover.
(2)Intermediate Layer.
(3)Adjusting Fiber.
(4)Base Layer.
(5)Ironing Surface.

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


The Top Cover may consist of:
(a)Synthetic fiber, which has long
life, short-term heat-resistance
up to 180 C and hand washable
in soap water (30C),
(b)Polyester fiber, especially for
fabrics that are subject to sheen
and mostly used with hard covers
(seam ironing).

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


It could also use synthetic coarse
fiber, which is slide resistant.
Keeps the garment as positioned,
has a long life and short-term
heat-resistance up to 190C.
The Intermediate Layer consist of
5 or 10 mm of foam as cushion for
covers.

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


The Adjusting Fiber guarantees the
complete splitting of the condensate
drops and reduces the humidity in the
cover system.
The Base layer is generally a patented
silicon mat for long-term good
suction/blowing result.
This distributes strong airflow evenly
over the entire surface/form buck, can
be cleaned easily by compressed air,
ensures long lifetime with unchanged
performance.

CLOTH COVER SYSTEM


The Ironing Surface of table and
bucks, consists of a corrosionresistant perforated plate or a
bored casting mould with an
additional light metal grid for an
evenly spread suction and blowing
airflow (avoids wet covers).