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Identifies and describes the

female reproductive system


and its major parts.

Review
What are the parts of the male
reproductive system?
What are produced in the testes?
What sac protects the testes?
Where is the sperm produced in the
testes stored?

Motivation
How do you differentiate
a boy from a girl?

The female reproductive system functions


to produce female gametes called ovum.
The main female reproductive organs
include:
(a) ovary
(b) uterus
(c) Fallopian tube
(d) vagina
(e) cervix

Figure below shows the main parts of the


male reproductive system.

The ovaries are


located in the left
and right lower
abdomen. Ovaries
produce eggs as
well as hormones
like estrogen and
progesterone.

The fallopian
tubes are the
thin, soft tubes
that extend from
the uterus to the
ovaries. During
ovulation, an
ovary releases
an egg into the
fallopian tube
next to it.

Also called the


womb, the uterus
is a hollow, pearshaped organ with
a muscular wall
and a lining. The
uterus expands
many time in size
during pregnancy
to hold the
growing fetus.

The cervix is the


lower portion of
the uterus that
opens into the
vagina. During
labor, the cervix
dilates (expands)
to about 4 inches
in diameter.

The vagina is the


tube-like organ
that connects the
uterus to the
outside of the
body. The birth
of a baby follows
its path.

The vagina is the


tube-like
structure that
connects the
uterus to the
outside of the
body. The birth
of a baby follows
its path.

The urethra is
the tube-like
structure that
carries urine out
of the body.

The clitoris is
the small
sensory organ
located just
above the
vagina.

The labia
minora are the
two inner flaps of
tissue, just inside
the labia majora,
that surround the
opening of the
vagina.

The labia
majora are the
two outer flaps
of tissue that
surround the
labia minora
and vagina.

The anus is the


opening between
the buttocks
where feces
leave the body

Functions of the female reproductive organs

The ovum is a female gamete that is


produced in the ovary.

Concept Formation
* What are the parts of the female
reproductive organ?
*What is produced in the ovaries?
*Describe the each part of the
reproductive organ.

Application
*Are the reproductive systems of
male and female alike? Why?
*What are the important organs of
the male and female reproductive

Choose the letter of the correct answer:


1. Which female reproductive
organ release an egg or ovum?
a. labia majora
b. clitoris
c. urethra
d. ovary

Choose the letter of the correct answer:


2. Through what organ are sperm
cells deposited into the vagina?
a. penis
b. scrotum
c. urethra
d. vas deferens

Choose the letter of the correct answer:


3. What is the function of the vagina?
a. It is the tube-like structure
that carries urine out of the
body.
b. It is where fertilization takes
place.
c. It is the passage way of a
baby about to be born.
d. It produces the egg.

Choose the letter of the correct answer:


4. Aside from eggs, what else does
ovaries produce?
a. the hormone testosterone
b. hormones like estrogen
and progesterone.
c. fluids that nourish the
sperm
d. semen

Choose the letter of the correct answer:


5. Where does fertilization occur?
a. ovary
b. fallopian tube.
c. uterus
d. cervix

Answer
1. d
2. a
3. c
4. b
5. b

Assignment
Read further the structure of
each part of the female's
reproductive organ using the
world wide web.