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THE STUART

IN ENGLISH HISTORY

THE INDEX
The Origins
The Importance
The monarchs

James I
Charles I
Oliver Cromwell
Charles II
James II
Mary II
William III
Anne

The Hannover
The Timeline
The Sources
as. 2013/2014

coat of arms of Stuart, or Stewart, House

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THE ORIGINS

Mary I of England, known as Bloody Mary,


portrait by Anthonis Mor van Dashorst, 1554
as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

The House of Stewart,


or Stuart, has been the royal
house of Scotland since 14th
century
The Stuarts reigned
Scotland until 1707
It started to reign Great
Britain in 1603, when
Elizabeth I died and James
VI, became James I, king of
Scotland, England end
Ireland

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THE IMPORTANCE

THE INDEX

The Stuart dynasty


covered the entire 17th
century
It was one of the most
the execution of Charles I,
important and relevant
by Gonzales Coques, c. 1649
centuries in English
history
In this period a lot of
events, happened in
of John Locke, the life of
following centuries, portrait
the Glorious Revolution,
by Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1697
were anticipated
Arms of the Commonwealth
as. 2013/2014

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JAMES I

THE INDEX

He was the son of Mary I of


Scotland and nephew of
Elizabeth I
He became king of Scotland
in 1567
He became king of England
and Ireland in 1603
during his reign:

portrait by John de Critz, c. 1606

as. 2013/2014

the union act


the Gunpowder plot
the Pilgrims Fathers

he died in 1625
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CHARLES I

He became king in 1625


He started a series of wars against
Spain and France
in order to fight these wars he
tired to increase the taxation
the Parliament had the power to
decide about taxation
He reigned for 11 years with a
dismissed Parliament
cracking relationship with
Parliament
the divine power of the king was
put into the question
the Civil War broke out in 1642
He was executed in 1649

as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

portrait by Gerrit van Honthorst, 1628

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OLIVER CROMWELL

portrait by Samuel Cooper, 1656

as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

He fought during the Civil War in the


parliamentarian deployment
He won the Civil War with his
Ironsides, based on a New Model
Army
He started a war to conquer Ireland
He instituted the Commonwealth of
England
He proclaimed himself Lord Protector
He made the Parliament approve the
Navigation Acts formed the basis for
British overseas trade for nearly 200
years
He died in 1658

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CHARLES II

THE INDEX

He was Anglican son of


Charles I
He was the protagonist of the
restoration of the monarchy
Two dramatic events
changed the facet of London
and England:
The Great Plague in 1665
The Great Fire of London in
1666

He died in 1685
as. 2013/2014

portrait by John Riley, c. 16801685


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JAMES II

portrait by John Riley, c. 16801685

as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

He was the brother of


Charles II
He was Catholic
He took possession of the
throne
It was a dangerous situation
He was deposed and was
substituted for his protestant
daughter, Mary, in the
Glorious Revolution or
Bloodless Revolution
He died 1701

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MARY II
She was the Protestant
daughter of James II
She married William III of
Orange
She reigned the English
Kingdom since 1689
The Bill of Rights was
approved
She was succeeded by her
husband William III
She died in 1694
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THE INDEX

portrait by William Wissing, 1685

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WILLIAM III

portrait by Sir Godfrey Kneller, c. 1680s

as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

He was the Statholder of


Low Countries
He became Marys husband
He reigned with her since
1689
He reigned with her until
1692
From now on he reigned
alone
The parliamentary
constitutional monarchy was
defined for the first time
He died in 1702

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ANNE
She was the sister of
Mary II
She married the Prince
of Denmark, George
Her ideas were in line
with the ideas of the
Bloodless Revolution
He died in 1714
The Stuart line ended
as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

Portrait by Charles Jervas, 1702-1714

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THE HANOVER

coat of arms of House of Hanover

as. 2013/2014

THE INDEX

The Hanover was the


following reigning house
George I of Great
Britain and Ireland
succeeded the queen
Anne
The last monarch
belonging to House of
Hanover was the famous
figure of Queen Victoria
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THE TIMELINE

as. 2013/2014

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THE INDEX

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THE SOURCES

THE INDEX

http://www.marilenabeltramini.it/
4BLS - English History. The St
uarts in English History
The Stuarts
The Stuart dynasty and
the monarchs
The Petition of Rights
The Bill of Rights

http://en.wikipedia.org/

as. 2013/2014

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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTIO

as. 2013/2014

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