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Current and future solid

waste management in
Iskandar Malaysia
28/8/2014

1.0 Background
Definition

Solid
Waste

Solid Waste is
defined as waste
arising from human
and animal
activities that are
normally solid and
are discarded as
useless or
unwanted.
Source : Integrated Solid
Waste Management
by
THICOBANOGLOUS, ,

1.0 Background
Impact on Environment
Polluti
on

Safety
and
Health
Quality
of life

1.0 Background
Solid Waste
Management
Blueprint

Solid waste
Act 672

Commerc
ial

Construct
ion

Househol
d

Industrial

Institutio
nal and
public
sources

Controlled Waste
Solid Waste and Public Cleansing
Management Act 2007

Endorsed in AIC
2010

1.0 Background
Scope

COLLECTIO
N
STORAGE

GENERATIO
N

TREATMEN
T

DISPOSAL
Solid
Waste
Managem
ent

1.0 Background
Key Issues

Collection of Waste

Illegal Dumping

SOLID
WASTE IN IM

Waste Management

Waste Disposal
Facilities

1.0 Background
Potential Pollution

Seelong
Seelong
Sanitary
Sanitary
Landfill
Landfill
Pekan
Nenas
Dumpsite

Sungai
Pontian
Besar

Sungai
Jeram Batu

Sungai
Pulai

Sungai
Semang
ar

Sungai
Sungai Senai
Sungai Tebrau
Danga

Taruka
Taruka
Transfe
Transfe
rr
Station
Station

Sungai
Layang

Tg
Tg
Langsat
Langsat
Landfill
Landfill

2.0 Forecast and Projection


Waste Generation Forecast

Population/Waste Generated vs Year


Malaysia)

( Iskandar
Population/Waste Generated (people/tonnes)

Years

Population vs Year
Linear (Population vs Year)
Waste Generated vs Year

2.0 Forecast and Projection


Waste Generation Forecast by Local Authority
MPKu
Population

MBJB

Household
Waste
(tonnes/year)

201 156,900 201


0
0

Population

60,705

202 260,200 202 132,962


5
MDP 5
Population

Household
Waste
(tonnes/year)

201
0

514,312

201
0

198,987

202
5

952,406

202
5

486,680

Household
Waste
(tonnes/year)

201 33,078 2010 12,79


0
6
202 40,085 2025 20,48
5
4
MPJBT
Population

MPPG

Household
Waste
(tonnes/year)

Population

Household
Waste
(tonnes/year)

201 815,600
0

201
0

315,55
6

201 211,900 201


0
0

202 1,493,4

202

763,12

202 340,800 202 174,149

81,984

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Forecast Of Waste Generation

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Forecast Of Waste Generation


Waste generation rates particular to Malaysia

Domestic Waste Generation Rates for 2010-2025

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Forecast Of Waste Generation


Forecast on solid waste generation (residential area)

The waste generation rate defined as waste available after informal , scavenger
type recovery activities have occurred.
Example of calculation: Waste generation for MPJBT in 2010:

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Forecast Of Waste Generation


Forecast of Commercial and industrial waste in IM

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Forecast Of Waste Generation

Summary of waste generate

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Collection
Summary of Current Collection Fleet

key
observatio
ns

Interview
s with the
LAs

Vehicles for waste collection from MBJB, MPJBT, MPK and MDP
localities are owned and maintained by SWMSB and other
contractors.
The vehicles used for collection are a combination of
compactors, roll on/roll off and open lorries.
Typical collection crew consists of one driver and about three or
four loaders. SWMSB compactors have an average capacity of 8
tonnes while the other private contractors typically use 5 to 8
tonne lorries.
Most of the vehicles were previously owned by the LAs and
transferred to SWMSB during privatization.

Vehicles used for waste collection do not have leachate


containment compartments.
Those vehicles that are equipped with leachate containment
compartments are often of insufficient capacity.
Possible design issues as leachate containment compartments
are easily damaged.
Vehicles are not adequately maintained resulting in loss of
containment due to damaged parts.

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Collection
Conversion and Upgrading of Collection Fleet

There is no uniformity or standardization in collection receptacles and


vehicles to optimize waste collection.
Some LAs report incompatibility between collection receptacles and
vehicles due to the design of receptacle storage areas which prevents
proper access of waste collection vehicles to the loading points
resulting in frequent damage of storage area structures (kerb and
roof).

Complaints received from the public commonly pertain to the quality


of collection work performed particularly on mishandling of
receptacles as well as release of leachate from collection vehicles

Insufficient vehicles and vehicle breakdowns due to age result in late


collection of waste particularly from households.

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning


Waste Treatment and Disposal Infrastructure Network

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning


Critical Consideration for Solid Waste Infrastructure In IM
Waste
volume
projections
Inadequacy
of existing
waste
facilities

Location
restrictions

Site access

Critical
Considerations
for Solid Waste
Infrastructure
in IM

Existing and
future
landuse
plans

Haul
distance

environmen
tally
sensitive
area

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

xxx

xxx

Table 3-14: Summary of Recycling Sorting Facilities in


IM

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning


Summary of recycling Treatment Facilities in IM

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Waste Diversion Plan for IM

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Waste Infrastructure Transformation

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Potential fro Waste to Energy

Potential for
Waste to
Energy
Conversion
and Clean
Development
Mechanism
(CDM)

The
The waste
waste treatment
treatment and
and disposal
disposal facilities
facilities and
and sanitary
sanitary landfills
landfills
are
are equipped
equipped with
with facilities
facilities to
to convert
convert energy
energy generated
generated from
from
incineration
incineration of
of waste
waste or
or flaring
flaring of
of recovered
recovered landfill
landfill gas
gas to
to
electricity
electricity ..
The
The electricity
electricity generated
generated can
can be
be used
used to
to support
support internal
internal energy
energy
requirements
requirements and
and excess
excess energy
energy exported
exported to
to the
the distribution
distribution grid.
grid.
Utilization
Utilization of
of landfill
landfill gas
gas and
and waste
waste incineration
incineration for
for energy
energy
conversion
conversion will
will contribute
contribute to
to the
the long-term
long-term mitigation
mitigation of
of the
the
climate
climate change
change and
and such
such projects
projects are
are eligible
eligible for
for the
the clean
clean
development
development mechanism
mechanism (CDM)
(CDM) benefits.
benefits.
Carbon
Carbon credit
credit trading
trading opportunity
opportunity isis available
available withall
withall waste
waste
treatment
treatment technologies
technologies converting
converting waste
waste to
to energy.
energy.

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Proposal for Household Hazardous Waste

Figure 3-14: Management of Household Hazardous


Waste in IM

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning

Proposal for Construction waste

Chapter 3: Infrastructure and Physical Planning


Proposal for wste management in Rural and Squatter Areas