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Corrosion techniques

Different corrosion techniques

Non Destructive Testing Analytical Chemistry


Ultrasonic testing
Radiography
Thermography
Eddy current/magnetic flux
Intelligent pigs
Analytical Chemistry
pH measurement
Dissolved gas (O2, CO2, H2S)
Metal ion count (Fe2+, Fe3+)
Microbiological analysis

Different corrosion
techniques
Corrosion Monitoring

Weight loss coupons


Electrical resistance
Linear polarization
Hydrogen penetration
Galvanic current
Fluid Electrochemistry

Potential measurement
Potentiostatic measurements
Potentiodynamic measurements
A.C. impedance

Mostly used techniques

Corrosion coupons:
This is one of the effective and easy method for the
corrosion monitoring techniques.
It consists of the metal coupons connected to the holder
The principle of this technique is measuring of the
weight loss of the coupon after the exposed to the
environment
It can record several type of corrosion which cant be
done by most of the different methods

Mostly used techniques


From the corrosion couples we can obtain the
a. Corrosion rate
b. Pitting rate
c. Weight loss
. Corrosion rate depends on the faraday law
. Weight of metal dissolving (g) = K x I x t
K = (atomic weight of metal (g/mol))/ No. of electrons
transferred * 96,500 Amp/Sec
where: I = current (amps), t = time(sec)
. Pitting rate
. Pit (mpy) = (pit depth(mils) x 365)/exposure time in days

Mostly used techniques

Electrical resistivity (ER)


The principle of this technique is measuring the change in
the resistance
R= r*(L/A)
Reduction in the elements cross section due
to corrosion will be accompanied by a
proportionate increase in the elements
electrical resistance
It consists of 3 parts they are working element, reference
element, check element
If the resistance difference between check element and
the reference changes the probe is not working properly

Mostly used techniques

Mostly used techniques


From ER we can obtain the metal loss and corrosion
rate
Metal loss(M)= (S*P)/1000
where S= linearized Signal
P= probe life
Corrosion rate(C)=(P*365(S2-S1))/( T*1000)

Mostly used techniques


Linear Polarization Resistance(LPR)
In this we will measure the relation between the
electrochemical potential and current generated
between the electrodes
The electric conductivity of a fluid can be related to
its corrosiveness
R= V/I
During this process only small current so we will
provide external potential of 20mVto the process

Mostly used techniques

Ultrasonic
This method is used to detect the general corrosion
and erosion
In this method the transmitter produces the sound
wave and these travel through the samples
If there is any defects or corrosion there is change in
the reflected sound wave
From the information we can know the hidden
corrosion and the depth

Mostly used techniques


Eddy current
This technique is used only to the conductive
elements
We will pass the eddy currents through the metal
If there is any corrosion there is fluctuation in these
currents these are used to detect the hidden corrosion