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MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES

The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by


Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University.
It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q.
testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight
different intelligences to account for a broader range of human
potential in children and adults.
ThomasArmstrongwww.ThomasArmstrong.com

Dr.Gardner

TheMultipleIntelligencesare:
Verbal/LinguisticIntelligencewordsmart
LogicalmathematicalIntelligencenumber/reasoningsmart
Visual/SpatialIntelligencepicturesmart
Bodily/KinestheticIntelligencebodysmart
Musical/RhythmicIntelligencemusicsmart
InterpersonalIntelligencepeoplesmart
IntrapersonalIntelligenceselfsmart
NaturalistIntelligencenaturesmart

MultipleIntelligencesexamples:
Verbal/LinguisticIntelligence
MarkTwain,RobertFrost,poets,writers,newscasters
LogicalmathematicalIntelligence
Einstein,accounting,banking,medicine,scientificresearch
Visual/SpatialIntelligence
MartinLutherKing(dreamer).artists,architecture,advertising
Bodily/KinestheticIntelligence
AdrianPeterson,dancers,dramaticacting,mime,physicaleducation
Musical/RhythmicIntelligence
TaylorSwift,musiccomposers,musicteachers,musicaltheatre
InterpersonalIntelligence
BillyGraham,counseling,politics,sociologists,therapists
IntrapersonalIntelligence
Psychiatry,spiritualcounseling,philosopher
NaturalistIntelligence
Farmers,gardeners,florists,geologist,archaeologists

MultipleIntelligences
Dr.Gardnersaysthatourschoolsandculturefocusmostoftheir
attentiononlinguisticandlogicalmathematicalintelligence.We
esteemthehighlyarticulateorlogicalpeopleofourculture.
However,Dr.Gardnersaysthatweshouldalsoplaceequalattention
onindividualswhoshowgiftsintheotherintelligences.
Unfortunately,manychildrenwhohavethesegiftsdontreceive
muchreinforcementfortheminschool.Manyofthesekids,infact,
endupbeinglabeledlearningdisabled,ADD(attentiondeficit
disorder),orsimplyunderachievers,whentheiruniquewaysof
thinkingandlearningarentaddressedbyaheavilylinguisticor
logicalmathematicalclassroom.
ThomasArmstrongwww.ThomasArmstrong.com

GiftedandTalentedStudentshandout

Multiple Intelligences Theory


Thetheoryofmultipleintelligencesproposesamajortransformation
inthewayourschoolsarerun.Itsuggeststhatteachersbetrained
topresenttheirlessonsinawidevarietyofwaysusingmusic,
cooperativelearning,artactivities,roleplay,multimedia,fieldtrips,
innerreflection,andmuchmore.

How to Teach or Learn in


8 Different Ways
Oneofthemostremarkablefeaturesofthetheoryofmultiple
intelligencesishowitprovideseightdifferentpotentialpathwaysto
learning.Ifateacherishavingdifficultyreachingastudentinthe
moretraditionallinguisticorlogicalwaysofinstruction,thetheoryof
multipleintelligencessuggestsseveralotherwaysinwhichthe
materialmightbepresentedtofacilitateeffectivelearning.

ThomasArmstrongwww.ThomasArmstrong.com

8 Different Ways
Whateveryouareteachingorlearning,
seehowyoumightconnectitwith:
Words
verbal/linguistic
Numbers,orlogic
logical/mathematical
Pictures
visual/spatial
Music
musical/rhythmic
Selfreflection
intrapersonal
Aphysicalexperience
bodilykinesthetic
Asocialexperience
interpersonal
Anexperienceinthenaturalworld
naturalist

Teaching Example
Forexample,ifyoureteachingorlearningaboutthelawof
supplyanddemand,youmight:
Readaboutit(linguistic)
Studymathematicalformulasthatexpressit(logical/mathematical)
Examineagraphicchartthatillustratestheprinciple(spatial)
Observethelawinthenaturalworld(naturalist)
Observethelawinthehumanworldofcommerce(interpersonal)
Examinethelawintermsofyourownbody,e.g.whenyousupply
yourbodywithlotsoffood,thehungerdemandsgoesdown;
whentheresverylittlesupply,yourstomachsdemandforfoodgoes
wayupandyougethungry(bodilykinesthetic/intrapersonal)
Writeasongthatdemonstratesthelaw(musical)

Multiple Intelligences
Concept to Classroom
http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/index.html
MIWHEELACTIVITY

MultipleIntelligencesandTechnology
http://www.casacanada.com/multech.html

Multiple Intelligences
Report Card

1,Writethenameofabookyouhavereadlately.
2.Rateyourmathabilityfrom110with10beinghighest.
3.Writedownthenameofthekindofmusicyoulike.
4.Writedownhowyourevitalizeyourself.
5.Writedownwhatyoucandothatisaphysicalactivity.
6.Drawapicturethatshowshowyouarefeelingtoday.

Self-Analysis Worksheets
Elementary Survey

Middle School Survey

MultipleIntelligenceAssessment
Completeandbringresultstonextclass

Multiple Intelligences Rap


by Shawna Munson
The eight intelligences are really cool.
We all have them so no one is a fool

Naturalists are collectors of animals and plants.


They like to press flowers and count little ants.

Linguistic deals with writing and with words.


We have language - we're not like animals or birds.

All of these so far are really neat,


But I like musical 'cause it has a beat.

Logical-mathematical doesn't need to be a shock.


Sometimes, I feel lonely, without any friends,
If you study real hard, you'll be smarter than Spock! But interpersonal skills put that to an end.
Spatial involves seeing, drawing, and art,
Creating different things and taking them apart.

Intrapersonal skills are when you want to reflect.


For yourself, you should always have respect.

In case you didn't know, kinesthetic is P.E.


Get fit and coordinated athletically!

Now, I've come to the end of my rap.


Learn in many ways and you'll never be a sap.

MI in the Classroom
Classroomactivitiesfrequentlyactivateandutilize
morethanoneofthemultipleintelligences.
*
GroupdiscussionVerbalLinguistic;Interpersonal
*
JournalwritingIntrapersonal;Verbal/Linguistic
*
ChoreographyMusicalRhythmic;VerbalLinguistic;Interpersonal
*
ConstructingtimelinesLogicalMathematical;VisualSpatial
PuttingonaplayMusicalRhythmic;Verbal/Linguistic;Interpersonal;VisualSpatial
*
MakingavideoLogicalMathematical,MusicalRhythmic;Verbal/Linguistic;
Interpersonal;VisualSpatial
*
WritingareportoressayVerbalLinguistic
* MakinggraphsLogicalMathematical;VisualSpatial
*
DesigningpostersVerbalLinguistic,VisualSpatial
*
CommunicatingwithpeersorexpertsonlineVerbalLinguistic;Interpersonal
*
HandsonexperimentationKinesthetic;Logical/Mathematical
*
ComposingasongMusical/Rhythmic;VerbalLinguistic
*
Buildingamodelor3DdisplaysKinesthetic;LogicalMathematical
http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/exploration_sub1.html

Childrens Literature book


Multiple Intelligences Activities

SAMPLE MI LESSONS
PrimarySchoolWebSamplehandout
CapsforSalebyEsphyrSlobodkina
Video

Caps For Sale


Verbal/Linguistic
1.Readthestorytothewholeclass
2.Askstudentstorespondtothestoryandwriteaboutit.
3.Writeamagicalcapstory.
4.Writeimportantpartsofthestoryinasequenceandillustrate.

Musical/Rhythmic
1.Writeacatchyjingleorraptosellcaps
2.Singasongaboutthestory.
3.Marchinacapparadesingingthesong

Caps for Sale


Logical/Mathematical
1.Haveacollectionofcapsandbrainstormmanywaystosortthem.
2.Graphdistancesfromstudentshomes.
3.Makeupwordproblemsinvolvingcappurchasingstories
atfiftycentspercap.

Visual/Spatial
1.Havestudentsclosetheireyesandthinkofthestory,CapsforSale,.
Askthemtocapturetheirfavoritepartbydrawingandwriting
aboutit.
2.Askstudentstodesignanewstylecapandlogo.

Caps for Sale


Bodily/Kinesthetic
1.Bakemoneyshapedcookies.
2.Roleplaythestory.
3.Haveacapparade.
4.Haveacaprelay

Intrapersonal

1.Havethestudentswritedownalltheyknowaboutmonkeys.

Interpersonal

1.Inliteracystudygroupsdiscusstheplot,setting,character,
problem,andsolutionfortheCapsforSalestory.

Shapes - Circles
Makeagroupcirclebyjoininghands.
Interpersonal,BodilyKinesthetic
Lookforcirclesaroundtheclassroom.
Spatial
Makecirclesinartprojects.
Spatial,BodilyKinesthetic
SingTheCircleGameandothercirclesongs.
Musical
Makeupstoriesaboutcircles.
Linguistic
Comparesizesofcircles(fromsmalltolarge).
Spatial,LogicalMathematical

Multiplication - 7s table
Countto70,standingupandclappingoneveryseventhnumber.
BodilyKinesthetic
SingtheMultiplicationRocksongforthe7s.
Musical
Chantthenumbers1to70,placingspecialemphasisonevery
seventhnumber.
Musical
Completeahundredschart,coloringineveryseventhnumber.
Spatial

Multiple Intelligences Spelling

Createcategoriesforyourspellingwords.
logicalmathematical
Writeyourwordsusingdifferentcolorsforthelettersofpartsof
theword.
visual/spatial
Makeupastoryusingallspellingwords.Tellthestorytoanotherperson.
verbal/linguistic
Singspellyourwordstothemelodyofyourfavoritesong.
musical
Createyourowngoalsonhowyouwillstudyandlearnyour
spellingwords.
intrapersonal

Multiple Intelligences Poster


Verbal/LinguisticIntelligence
LogicalmathematicalIntelligence
Visual/SpatialIntelligence
Bodily/KinestheticIntelligence
Musical/RhythmicIntelligence
InterpersonalIntelligence
IntrapersonalIntelligence
NaturalistIntelligence

WEBQUEST

Multiple Intelligences
Assessment
LessonAssessment

http://www.gigglepotz.com/miassess.htm

Multiple Intelligences
Instructional Techniques and Ideas
http://www.educ.state.ak.us/tls/frameworks/sstudies/part3a2.htm

8KindsofSmart
handout

Multiple Intelligences
Video
"Rainbows of Intelligences"

Multiple Intelligences
Assessment
How can you use the theory of multiple intelligences to assess student achievement in
your classroom? The MI approach to testing is closely related to authentic assessment.
This approach enables students to demonstrate the depth of their understanding,
connect their classwork to real-life experiences, and apply their knowledge to new
situations.

UsingMultipleIntelligencesinAssessment
http://www.teachervision.fen.com/lessonplans/lesson4933.html?detoured=1

There is no "right" way to use multiple intelligences in testing and assessment.


You don't have to overhaul your whole curriculum.
But you can make an effort to address each student's strengths and weaknesses
by using creative alternatives to traditional testing in your classroom.