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The truth is not hidden

In the world of shapes, there exists


simple truths. From every angle,
there are rules. These rules, if
followed, will bring you correct
answers & great happiness.
In math, all secrets are
revealed.
Geometry is the study of figures.
Solid geometry studies figures in a
three-dimensional space.
Plane geometry studies figures in a flat, two dimensional
space called a plane.

 Points, lines, and angles

 Polygons-Triangles,
Quadrilaterals….  Coordinate Geometry

 Perimeter and area


 Volume
 Circles
1. POINTS

A POINT has no dimension and only position.

2.LINES AND THE


ANGLESTHEY FORM
A LINE IS a continuous set of points having 1
dimension_length.

A LINE SEGMENT IS a part of a line


3. )INTERSECTING LINES AND
RULES ABOUT ANGLES FORMED

3 WAYS TO DESCRIBE AN ANGLE

ANGLE DEFINED: space formed when two


lines meet at a point,
ANGLE
RELATIONSHIPS(adjacent/complementary)
Intersecting lines (vertical/supplementary
angles)
Parallel lines
Angle relationships for Angle relationships for
INTERSECTING/PARALLEL
intersecting lines parallel lines

1) Angles opposite Each Other Corresponding Angles Defined


Are 3
Equal
WAYS and
TOCalled Vertical
DESCRIBE AN ANGLE
Angles
ANGLEAdjacent
2) Angles DEFINEDto Each Parallel lines defined
Other Are Supplementary
ANGLE RELATIONSHIPS
Perpendicular Lines Intersect Alternate Interior Angles
Ar Right Angles formed by transverse lines.
Intersecting lines
Polygons: plane closed figure made up of straight
line segments.

Remember type is defined Shared Principles


by number of sides…
3/triangle, 4/quadrilateral,
5/pentagon, 6/hexegon…

Differences

Similar verses Congruent: Sum of the Angles= (N-2) X


Angles equal/sides 180
proportional vs. angles equal Each angle is #/N (because
but sides same size and shape number of sides=number of
angles.)
Similar vs. Congruent Polygons

Angles equal/sides proportional


vs. angles equal but sides
same size and shape equal but
sides same size and shape
Circles : a plane closed figure formed by a set of
points equidistant from a fixed point called the center.

What is pi? Ratio Circ: diameterr of


Important terms a circle! So pi X diameter=circ
• Circumference: boundary
• Radius: distance from center to any point on • The area of a circle:
circumference.
• Diameter-line segment passing through the
center and ending on both ends at circ.
 Chord: line segment having both endpoints on
circ….longest one is diameter
• A= pi r squared
Secant: line passing throught the circle interesting it at 2
points
• Pi= 3.14 or 3.1
Tangent: line intersecting the circle at only one point.
Radius from that point is perpendicular to the
tangent. or
Arc: a part of the circ.

Semi-Cirlce- an arc that is ½ the circumference.


 3 1/7 or 22/7
Sector: The interior part of circle boredered by two radiii
and the arc they intercept.

Central Angle: verses inscribed angle…center point vs.


point on circumference.
Coordinate Geometry
• Locates geometric figures on planes via Cartesian Coordinate System. If only x and y then
it is two dimensions. If x, y and z then it is no longer on a plane but in space, so it is three
dimensional. With x and y only, then two planes are divided into 4 quadrants. (I, 11, 111
and 1V)

 Distance Sq.: (x2-x1)squared + (y1-y2)squared


 So the square root of the dist= square root of above

 Midpoint x1 + x2 /2, y1+y2/2= x midp..y midp.

 Slope: m = y2-y1/X2 - X1
Volumes on Volumes
Shape Formula

• Cubes • V= e cubed
• Cylinders • V=pi r squared h
• Pyramids • V=1/3lwh
• Cones • V=1/3 pi r squared h
• Sphere • V=4/3 pi r cubed
NOW THE TRUTH
HAS BEEN
TOTALLY • REVEALED. IF YOU
MISSED IT, THEN YOU
ARE ONLY HUMAN!