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CONVEYORS

By
Engr. SHAHID MIRZA
Dated: 07th March, 2011

Introduction

Are used for handling


materials
Used in all industries
Consists majorly of two major
components

Mechanical Assembly
Conveying Assembly

Types of Conveyors
Belt

Conveyor
Bucket Elevator
Screw Conveyor
Chain Conveyor
Pneumatic Conveyor
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Types of Conveyors
Belt Conveyors

Conveys materials along


horizontal, and slightly inclined
paths
Driven by power operated roll
mounted underneath the conveyor
or at the one end of the conveyor.
supported on either rollers or on
metal slider pan and we call them
roller conveyor and slider conveyor
respectively

Advantages & Disadvantages

Convey almost any


type of solid material
Easy to adapt to plant
layout

Inclination angle must


be less than 220
Cannot transport
anything greater than
1200

Types of Conveyors
Bucket Elevators

Used where there is need of


vertical conveying of materials.
Used for conveying powdered,
granular and lumpy materials.
Extensively employed in building
materials chemical industries
plant etc.

Types of Conveyors
Screw Conveyors

These are the oldest and are of


simple design, easy to maintain.
Permits intermediate discharge of
materials at several points.
Advantages being these are
compact and easily adapted to
congested locations
Horizontal, vertical, inclined
conveyors are also available.

Screw Conveyors

Chain Conveyor

Types of Conveyors
Pneumatic Conveyors

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Involves the transportation of a


wide variety of dry powdered and
granular solids in a gas stream.
In most cases the gas is
normally air.
Where special conditions prevail,
different gases are used.

Dense Phase Conveying

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Dilute Phase Conveying

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Pneumatic conveyers
Advantages:

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Flexibility in routing
Dust free transportation of
a variety of products
Mechanical parts are at
ground level
Units are self cleaning &
safer to operate

Disadvantages:

Energy requirements are


higher
Material must be dry
Incorrect design can result in
particle degradation
More noisy
Limited distance

Size Specification
Size

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depends on the requirement :

Speed
Cost
Efficiency
Maximum load it takes
Length of travel

Industrial Applications

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Packing
Inspecting
Painting
Assembling
Testing

WHAT CAN BE CONVEYED?

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Acetylene Black
Activated Carbon
Alumina (Powder, Tabular)
Alumina Hydrate
Alumina Oxide
Alumina Trihydrate
Aluminum Fluorhydrate
Aluminum Fluoride
Aluminum Silicate
Aluminum Trihydrate
Antimony Oxide
Arsenic Trioxide
Barium Carbonate
Bauxite
Bentonite
Bisphenolic Acid (BPA)
Calcium Carbonate
Carbon (Powdered, Granular)
Cement (Portland & Others)
Ceramic Dust
Charcoal Dust
Cicalcium Phosphate
Clays
Clinker Dust
Lead Oxide

Coal (Anthracite,
Bituminous
Coke (Petroleum Calcined)
Copper Chloride
Corn Flour
Corn Meal
Corn Starch
Cryolite
Dextrose
Diamond Ore
Diatomaceous Earth
Dibutylotin Difluoride
Feldspar
Flour (Corn, Wheat)
Fly Ash
Foundry Sand
Glass (Ground)
Graphite (Powder, Resin)
Gypsum (Calcined,
Powder)
Hydroquinone
Iron Oxide
Isophthalic Acid (IPA)
Kaolin Clay

Lime (Dolomitic,
Hydrated)
Limestone (Various
Grades)
Magnesium Oxide
Magnesium Silicate
Manganese Dioxide
Manganese Oxide
Molybdic Oxide
Oat Hulls
Oxides & Dioxides
Paraformaldahyde
Peanuts
Perlite (Ore & Expanded)
Plaster of Paris
Plastic Pellets
Polyethylene (Powder,
Granular)
Polypropylene
Polystyrene (Extruded
Beads)
Polyvinylchloride
(Various Grades)
Portland Cement
Potassium Nitrate
Salts (Various Types)

Sands (Various Grades)


Sewage Sludge (Dried
Pellets)
Shale
Silica (Fumed, Hydrous,
Precipitated)
Silicon Dioxide Slag
(Furnace)
Soda Ash
Sodium Bicarbonate
Sodium Carbonate
Sodium Erythorbate
Sodium Fluoride
Sodium Sulphate
Sodium Triphosphate
Soybeans (Hulls, Flakes)
Starch (Corn, Potato)
Sugar
Talc
Terephthalic Acid (TPA)
Titanium Dioxide
Wheat Flour
Wheat Germ
Zeolite
Zinc Oxide
Zircon Sand

Thank You

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