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EASTERN AFROMONTANE

BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOT
(KENYA)
Prepared by:
MALINAO, CLIENT WILLIAM
M.
ALFORTE, RONEL

Everyone depends on Earths


ecosystems and their lifesustaining benefits, such as clean
air, fresh water and healthy soils.
Critical Ecosystem Partnership
Fund (CEPF) provides grants for
nongovernmental and other
private organizations to help
protect biodiversity hotspots,
Earths most biologically rich and
threatened areas.

EASTERN
AFROMONTANE
1 million square
kilometers
7000 kilometers

1,017806 Square
kilometer-MAIN PART
OF THE HOTSPOT

The Eastern Afromontane biodiversity


hotspot stretches over a curving arc of
widely scattered but biogeographically
similar mountains, covering an area of
more than 1 million square kilometers
and running over a distance of more
than 7,000 kilometers.
The main part of the hotspots
1,017,806 square kilometers is made
up of three (the Eastern Arc,
Mountains and Southern Rift, the
Albertine Rift, the Ethiopian
Highlands)

Main part of the


HOTSPOT
The Eastern Arc
Mountains and
Southern Rift,
The Albertine Rift
The Ethiopian
Highlands

The Eastern Afromontane Hotspot is one of the


biological wonders of the world, with globally
significant levels of diversity and endemism.
Its ecosystems provide tens of millions of
people with freshwater and other ecosystem
services that are essential to their survival.
the Eastern Afromontane Hotspot is
enormously important for people.
BENEFITS
it provides water for vast, enormous, huge
areas.The Great Rift lakes make this hotspot a
phenomenally important region for freshwater
fish diversityThis rich biological diversity in the
hotspot is mirrored by the massive ecosystem
services that it Provides.

The Eastern Arc


Mountains

Southern Rift

The Albertine Rift

The Ethiopian Highlands

The Water Towers of Kenya

ENDEMIC FLORA
SAINT
PAULIA

FREESIA

SENECIO
KENIODENDR
ON
(MT. KENYA)

Streptocarp
us (AFRICAN
PRIMROSES)

ENDEMIC FAUNA
Sharpes
Long claw

Apalisfuscig
ularis

THREATS TO THE HOTSPOT


Expansion and Intensification of Agriculture and Forestry;
Development of Aquaculture
Expansion of agriculture has been the major driver of habitat loss,
fragmentation and degradation in the hotspot
Threat from Fire
Another threat in the hotspot, particularly associated with
agriculture, is fire.47 Farmers use fire to clear fields prior to planting
and, given that most of the land outside protected areas is under
agricultural use, fires pose a significant threat.
Threats from Fisheries and Aquaculture
Overfishing is believed to pose a threat to fish stocks at all these
lakes, and there are problems with pollution from raw sewage.
Overuse of Biological Resources
People living in and adjacent (neigboring) to the hotspot rely on
many forest and grassland resources for subsistence and for
commercial gain. Particularly important is the use of timber for
construction, furniture and firewood, and charcoal for cooking and
heating. Forest areas are also important for hunting, as a source of
medicinal plants, Logging and wood harvesting are considered major
problems in all the hotspot countries The primary threat to the
biodiversity of the Eastern Afromontane Hotspot is habitat loss, due
to conversion of land for agriculture, plantations and commercial
estates, as well as logging. Other threats include fires, mining,
infrastructure development gathering of firewood, and collection of
plants for medicinal use.

@ PRESENT