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Bioethanol From Sugarcane Waste

(Bagasse) Using Bacterium


Clostridium Thermocellum
Ari Permana Putra1), Delmar Zakaria Firdaus1), Ginanjar Ummi Pratiwi1)

Departement of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology and Engineering,


Bogor Agricultural University
Bogor, West Java, Indonesia

The 1st Annual International Scholars Conference in


Taiwan 2013
Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan
April 27th 29th 2013

Starts from The


Problems

Thermal Inversion
Smog surrounds the Angel Monument in Mexico
City, Mexico, during a thermal inversion. Air
pollution increases dramatically when a mass of
cold air is trapped below a mass of warmer air.
The absence of air circulation prevents
pollution near Earths surface from escaping.
Wesley Bocxe/Photo Researchers, Inc.
Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft
Corporation. All rights reserved.

Energy Crisis
The use of fossil fuels these days are very
closely related to the problem of energy crisis.
Fossil fuels are formed and stored materials in
the earth that comes from animals and
microorganisms were buried millions of years.
Based on these facts, the fossil fuel is a fuel
that can not be renewed because it requires a
very long process in its formation

Comes with The


Bioethanol is one of
Bioethan
Ideas
the
alternative
ol
fuels
that
have
Why
Bioethanol?

How we
make it?

advantage
fossil fuel

than

Bioethanol used plants as the raw


material, so it does not make
accumulation of carbon in the
atmosphere
Ethanol
can
also
increase
the
efficiency
of
combustion because it contains
35% oxygen and environmental
friendly because dump of gas
emissions
carbon
During this such
time, as
bioethanol
monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and
was produced from molasses
other gases are low (19-25%)

(sugar
production
process
waste) or starchy materials
(cassava or corn).

Bu
t,Bagas

we face another problem

Cassava,
Corn, etc.

find other
sources of raw
materials
containing
polysaccharide

Source of
Food

Meet Bagasse!
Bagasse is an industrial solid waste
from sugar cane containing cellulose
fiber and usually used as a raw
material for the paper industry
Bagasse waste not yet widely used.
This waste is one of the energy
sources potential and generally is a
cellulose material that can be
converted into ethanol

Bagasse in
Sugarcane
Plante
Numbers in
(Ha)

456,7 Area
tons of bagasse can
00
each
hectares in a
10National
produced
year potential of
bagasse
0 tons
4,567,0
each hectares
in a year
000

spread on
Sumatra, Java,
Kalimantan, and
Sulawesi

1st
Pretreatme
nt
Step
Process

Bioethan
2
ol
Step
Productio
n
3
Process Step
nd

Hydrolysis
Process

rd

Fermentati
on Process

Aimed to break
down the lignin
structure
and
disrupt
the
crystalline
structure
of
cellulose
Aimed
change
cellulose
glucose

to
into

Aimed
to
change glucose
into bioethanol

1
Pretreatme
nt
Step
st

Process

2nd
Simultaneou
s
Step

Saccharrifica
tion and
Fermentatio
n

Aimed to break
down the lignin
structure
and
disrupt
the
crystalline
structure
of
cellulose
cellulose
enzyme
and
fermenting
microbes
are
added to one *with bacterium Clostridium
vessel
or thermocellum
hydrolysis and
fermentation
happen in one
reaction vessel
can be done by
bacterium

Bioethan
ol
Productio
n
Process*

Scheme Process of Bioethanol


Production

Bacterium
Clostridium
thermocillu
m

Ferment
ation
Tank
The
prepared
medium/ba
gasse
(mashed)

Distillati
on

Purificati
on

Bioetha
nol

Conclusion

There are two big problems


if
using
the
fuel
oil
continually, the energy crisis
and
negative
effect
to
environment
such
as
greenhouse effect.
Energy Crisis

Therefore, The
needs
fuels
use of fossil fuelsa
these days
are very closely
related to the problem of energy crisis. Fossil fuels
alternative areto
solve
formed and
stored materials inthis
the earth that
comes from animals and microorganisms were
buried millions
problem. One
ofof years.
the fuel
Basedsubstitute
on these facts, the fossil fuel
is a fuel that
alternative as
fuel
can not be renewed because it requires a very long
process in its formation
oil
is
bioethanol
from
sugarcane waste (bagasse).
Its
potential
because
bagasse are abundant, so
bioethanol from bagasse can
creating new high-paying
jobs,
increasing
market
opportunities for farmers,
generating
additional
household income tax and
revenues, and simultating

Thank You

Have A Nice
Day!