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The Philippine Environmental

Impact Statement System


(PEISS)

Outline of
Presentation
Legal Framework of the PEISS

Overview of the PEISS


Public Participation in the EIA Process
Multi-stakeholder Monitoring Team
(MMT)
Success Stories
Challenges

Legal Framework of the


PEISS

Presidential Decree (PD) 1586 (1978)


Presidential Proclamation No. 2146 (1981)
and No. 803
DENR Administrative Order No. 37 (1996)
Presidential Administrative Order No. 42
(2002)
DENR Administrative Order No. 30 (2003)
including its REVISED PROCEDURAL
MANUAL

Philippine Policies Governing the


Implementation of the PEISS
1987 Philippine Constitution
The State shall protect and advance the right
of the people to a balanced and healthful
ecology in accord with the rhythm and
harmony of nature.
PD

1586
To attain and maintain
an orderly balance
between socioeconomic growth and
environmental
protection

AO 42
Optimum economic development
shall be achieved without delay
and shall be pursued to ensure
that the present generation
meets its needs w/o
compromising the needs of the
future generations

Overview of the
PEISSImpact Statement System
Environmental
the entire process of organization,
administration, and procedures institutionalized
for purpose of assessing the significance of the
effects of any project or undertaking on the
quality of the physical, biological and socioeconomic environment, and designing
appropriate preventive, mitigating and
enhancement measures.

Overview of the
Key Operating
PEISSPrinciples

Assessment of the direct and indirect impacts of


the project on the biophysical and human
environment
Addressing project impacts by appropriate
environmental protection and enhancement
measures
Responsibility of project proponents in
determining and disclosing all relevant information
necessary for a methodical assessment of
environmental impacts of the project

Overview of the
PEISS

General Criteria in the Review of EIA Reports


Integration of environmental considerations
into the over-all project planning
Assessment is technically sound and
proposed environmental mitigation
measures are effective
Social acceptability is based on informed
public participation

Environmental Impact
Assessment

The process of
predicting the likely
environmental
consequences of
implementing a project
and designing
appropriate preventive
mitigating and
enhancement measures

Real Purpose of
EIA To enhance planning and guide

decision-making for the proponent/


applicant and the EMB

The real value of the EIA Process is in

the reduction of adverse environmental


impact as a result of incremental decision
making before a proposed action reaches
final decision-making on whether it
should be allowed to proceed or not

EIA Process within the


Project Cycle
Findings and
recommendations of EIA
considered in various
permits and licenses
needed

Feasibility

Detailed assessment,
Identification of
mitigation needs,
inputs to CBA

Pre-feasibility

Detailed design of
mitigation
measures

Detailed Engineering &


Design
Implementation
of mitigation
measures

Project Construction
& Development

Site selection,
envi screening,
initial
assessment,
scoping

Project Conceptualization/
Improvement

Operation &
Maintenance

Monitoring and
Evaluation of
Environmental
Performance

Overall Environmental
Impact
PROJECTAssessment
PROPONENT
Process
EMB DENR
SCREENING
Review and Evaluation:
SCOPING
Determi
nes if
EIS is
Complete

EIA STUDY:
Baseline Study
Impact Identification
Impact Prediction and
Evaluation

IMPACT MITIGATION AND


PREPARATION OF ENV. MGT.
PLAN
EIA DOCUMENTATION
and PRESENTATION OF
RESULT

EIARC Review
Public consultation /hearing
Site inspection

Decision Making

MONITORING AND
POST AUDIT

Public Participation in the


EIA Process (1992 Kuala Lampur Declaration
of the ASEAN)

Participation
- Process through which the stakeholders
influence and share control over priority
setting, policy-making, resource
allocations and access to public goods
and services

Public Participation in the


EIA
Process
Salient
Features of Participation
-

Joint Dialogue
Active process
People involvement
People empowerment

Public Participation in the


Process of Public Participation
EIA
Tools/Techniques

Social preparation
Scoping
Information, Education & Communication (IEC)
Campaigns
Public Consultation or Public Hearing (for
environmentally critical projects)
Multi-stakeholder Monitoring Team (MMT)
formation
Complaint resolution

Public Participation in the


EIA
Processin Public Participation
Opportunities

Improves decision-making
Provides added sources of expertise
Reduces level of misinformation and
distrust
Empowers the citizens to take
responsibility in environmental protection
Gives the people a voice to air their
concerns and promote their active
involvement in planning

Public Participation in the


EIA Process

DENR EMB Driven


Proponent driven
Proponent Driven but outside the EIA
process as requirements are under
the mandate of other entities

Public Involvement usu. Begins at


scoping but may occur at any stage
of the EIA process

Multi-Stakeholder Monitoring
Team (MMT)
A multi-sectoral team convened for
the primary purpose of monitoring
compliance by the proponent with the
ECC, the Environmental Management
Plan (EMP) and applicable laws, rules
and regulations.

All projects covered by the PEISS and


issued with ECCs are basically required to
establish MMT.

Multi-Stakeholder
Monitoring
Team
Functions of the MMT
-

Monitor compliance with the Environmental Management


Plan (EMP) and conditions in the ECC

Prepare the MMT Manual of Operations (MOO), work &


financial plans, etc.

Receive complaints/request from public-at-large

Prepares Compliance Monitoring & Verification Report


(CMVR)

Monitor implementation of IEC plans/programs and social


development program

Multi-Stakeholder Monitoring

Team
Composition of the MMT
-

Local Government Units

Affected Community

NGO/POs Representatives

Other Government Agencies

Academe

Church Groups

Sectoral groups representing women, youth,


farmers, fisherfolks and other marginalized groups

Others as identified in the scoping process

Multi-Stakeholder
Monitoring
MMT Non-members Team

Project Proponent
Provides funds for MMT operations
Regularly inform MMT about project
development; monitoring results
Respond to complaints
EMB and DENR
Initiate, assist and supervise the formation of
MMT and oversee its operations
Update the MMT on new policies;

Multi-Stakeholder
Team of Members
Monitoring
Roles and Responsibilities

Be present or have a representative in all


meetings and deliberation.
Initiate/attend meetings, community
consultation, briefings and other forms of
IEC dissemination to inform public of
project activities and monitoring results
Suggest most effective means of disclosing
information to the public as well as receive
feedback/complaints from community

Multi-Stakeholder
Monitoring

Structure of MMT Team

EXECOM: EMB, LGU Official or designated rep.,


Proponent

Functions:
- organize and supervise the activities of MMT
- approve and review work and financial plan
- manage the Environmental Management Fund
(EMF)
- resolve issues arising from the monitoring
activities

Multi-Stakeholder
Monitoring
Team

Structure of MMT

SECTORAL TEAM: all members

Functions:
- organize and carry out actual field
monitoring
- prepare monitoring reports/CMVR
- advise the entire MMT on the need for
additional monitoring activities

Multi-Stakeholder
Structure of MMTTeam
Monitoring

SECRETARIAT: Proponent, LGU

representative & EMB representative


Functions:
- inform MMT members of the schedule of
meetings, monitoring activities
- provide documentation of minutes of MMT
meeting and monitoring results
- ensure safekeeping of MMT documents,
materials and properties

Multi-Stakeholder
Monitoring
Team
MMT Fund Administrator

Any member of the MMT and cannot be the


proponent and the EMB-DENR
In-charge of the Environmental Monitoring Fund
MMT Manual of Operations (MOO)
Serves as bible for MMT operations
MMT Code of Ethics
Ensures a common frame by which INTEGRITY
of all members will be maintained

Stories in Public
Participation
MMT Cluster of SUBRA (Subic Bay Resorts
Association)
Voluntary dismantling of hundreds of fishcages
operating along Subic Bay by the operators
themselves
Regular water quality monitoring of the bay by
MMT members
Capacity-building for fishcage operators on
proper aquaculture operation & protection of
the waterbody

Stories in Public
Participation
MMT of Intercity
Ricemillers Association

Ricemill operators were issued NOV/CDO in


cooperation with the LGU-Balagtas & Bocaue,
Bulacan
TSP level significantly reduced
Ricemill operators installed air pollution control
devices
LGU committed to temporarily stop issuance of
business permits to ricemill operation in the area
Ricemill operators were given seminar & lectures
on environmental laws and environmental
management & protection

Stories in Public
Participation
MMT for piggery
operations in Pampanga and

Tarlac
Rehabilitation of the waterbody used as
discharge area for piggery operations in Tarlac
Violators were charged before the DENRPollution Adjudication Board (PAB) and
operations were stopped
Long-term plan of relocation of piggery into an
agro-industrial area (Pampanga)
Strict monitoring of environmental compliance
of piggery operations
Improved operations of piggery

Water sampling activity by the MMT

Consultation meeting among MMT


members

Regular cleaning of settling ponds

Construction of solid-liquid separator

MMT
Formation(1996)

MOA

Execom

Sectoral

EMB, Proponent, LGU

All Members

Fund
Administrator

Secretariat
Selected Members

Environmental Monitoring Fund


Environmental Guarantee Fund
MMT (2005)

LGU (Chair)

OGAs

MOA
NGO/POs
MOO

Other concerned parties

Code of Ethics
MMT non-members

EMB
Proponent

Fund
Administrator
Environmental Monitoring Fund
Environmental Guarantee Fund

Thank
You!
Visit us @ www.emb.gov.ph