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Medicine

Public-Citizen-Statement-on-WikiLeaks-TPP-Publication
- Intellectual Property chapter text verifies that the pact would
harm public health by blocking patient access to lifesaving
medicines
- The new monopoly rights for big pharmaceutical firms would
compromise access in TPP countries
- strengthen and broaden special patent and data protections,
which pharmaceutical companies use to delay generic
competition and keep drug prices high
- limit access to affordable medicines

Effects
Face price increases of 60% -80% for certain drugs, while other
authorities insist that patented drugs can be 1,044% more
expensive than common generic drugs.
Cheaper generic drugs can not be sold again as Malaysia bonded
using patented medicines (genuine)
Findings
difficult to achieve by the poor and middle class
drugs for hepatitis C is now worth more than RM300,000 for the
treatment of 12 weeks
cancer which requires medications worth RM7000 a month
developed countries will increase the life span of patents more than
20 years
HAART

Rights for Educational Resources

CHAPTER 10 CROSS-BORDER TRADE


IN SERVICES
Article 10.9: Recognition
authorisation, licensing or certification
of service suppliers, and subject to the
requirements of paragraph 4, it may
recognise the education or experience
obtained, requirements met, or licences
or certifications granted, in the territory

Effects
limited buffer copies
limit public access to education, research and cultural
knowledge that are digitized
to the extent to criminal copyright of small scale
infringement.
Developing copyright to textbooks, journals
Findings
Copyright law will now be extended from 50 to 120 years
That is, 70 years later access to the students and the
academic world are difficult, as the price of reference books
and information resources that are so high.

State to State Dispute


CHAPTER 28 DISPUTE SETTLEMENT
Settlement (SSDS)
Article 28.6: Good Offices, Conciliation and Mediation
2. - shall be confidential
- without prejudice to the rights of the Parties in any other proceedings
Article 28.21: Private Rights
No Party may provide for a right of action under its domestic law against any
other
CHAPTER 9 INVESTMENT
Article 9.8: Transfers
Each Party shall permit all transfers relating to a covered investment to be
made
freely and without delay into and out of its territory

Article 9.18: Submission of a Claim to


Arbitration
If an investment dispute has not been resolved
within six months of the receipt by the respondent
of a written request for consultations pursuant
Article 9.24: Governing Law
when a claim is submitted the tribunal shall decide
the issues in
dispute inaccordance with this Agreement and
applicable rules
of international law

Effects
any company can drag government to court for claim
damages and compensation
In fact, it is ticket multinational corporations to step up
the legal system of a country, through international
arbitration tribunals consisting of three judges; two
international judges and one local judge
threat for local entrepreneurs.
opportunity to strengthen the national economy through
inward investment, business, entrepreneurship and
injection of external funds (cons)

Findings
Mexico's suit against 14 billion ringgit of foreign investors who
filed under Chapter 11 of NAFTA, which is a provision to protect
foreign investors and facilitate the resolution of investment
disputes
An example of a case filed against the Mexican government
involving the US waste management company, Metalclad
Corporation. Metalclad filed a lawsuit in 1996 NAFTA tribunal
after the state of San Luis Potosi in Mexico refused to give
permission for the company to reopen a waste management
plant after a geological audit showed the plant would
contaminate the local water

DESIRE IMPACT
ROLE OF PEOPLE THROUGH PROTEST.
PEOPLE MUST CONCERN ABOUT TTPA.
NGOs (non-government) awareness campaign or online
forum.
THE ESTABLISHMENT ABOUT TRANSPARENT
GOVERNMENT.

CONTROL&EVALUATION
the government should put off negotiations off TTPA
until the text thereof is exposed to the people.
MPs (Ahli Parlimen) need to be enlightened and should
debate the pros and cons of this agreement.
The government must reject the status of the local
services that should be provided to external power
country.

the Trans-Pacific
Partnership Agreement

Summary of

Comprehensive market access

Regional approach to commitments

Addressing new trade challenges

Inclusive trade

Platform for regional integration