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DIGITAL MILLENNIUM COPYRIGHT ACT

KEY COMPONENTS OF DMCA

17 USC 512Limitations on Liability Relating to Material Online


Safe Harbor

(Cornell University, n.d.)

Take-Down and Notice

17 USC 1201Circumvention of Copyright Protection Systems


Anti-Circumvention
Digital Rights Management (DRM)

(Cornell University, n.d.)

CAPITOL RECORDS V. VIMEO

Case Background (Bailey, 2013)


144 File Infringements Granted Safe Harbor
55 File Infringements Considered Triable
Employee Involvement Too Hands On

Implications for 512Safe Harbor (Bailey, 2013)


Stricter Scrutiny for Safe Harbor
Increased Accountability for Hosts
Calls for Clarification

LENZ V. UNIVERSAL

Free Speech Issues (Brainz, 2010)


Guilty Until Proven Innocent
DMCA Take-Down Procedure Abuse

Fair Use Issues (Marrs, 2013)


Must Be Considered before Sending Take-Down Notice
Video was Non-Infringing

UBISOFT 2012 ANTI-CIRCUMVENTION CONCERNS

Privacy and Security (Orland, 2012)


Toolkit Program
Hidden to Users
Potential for Hacking/Theft

Anti-Circumvention Repercussions (U.S. Copyright Office, n.d.)


Potential Fines
Up to $500,000
Potential Jail Time
Up to 5 Years Imprisonment

AUTOMAKERS SEEK ANTI-CIRCUMVENTION


PROTECTION

Mobile Computing Device (Brandom, 2015)


GM, BMW, Ford, and 10 Others (Perez, 2015)
Opposition from Car Enthusiasts
Auto Service Exploit

Electronic Frontier Foundation Files For Exemptions (Brandom, 2015)


DMCA Not Created For Diagnosis, Repairs, Modification

PRE-1972 AUDIO RECORDINGS NEUTRAL

Capitol Records v. Vimeo (Gardner, 2013)


Judge Ronnie Abrams, NY, South District Court
Not Protected By DMCA
Calls for Congressional Revision

Capitol Records v. MP3 Tunes (Limones, 2014)


William H. Pauley III, NY, South District Court
Protected By DMCA

FUTURE IMPLICATIONS

Imminent Revision is Necessary


Incomplete Legislation
Burdening U.S. Court System

Limits to Anti-Circumvention
Outcry for Restrictions
Find Better Balance

Increased Technology Requires Frequent Revision

OVERALL POSITIVE DEVELOPMENTS

Provides an Avenue for Innovation (Brainz, 2010)

Created New Websites and Content


Number of Wikipedia Articles increased from 10M to 34M between 20082015 (Wikipedia, n.d.)
Facebook Grows from 100M users in 2008 to 1.393B in 2015 (Smith, 2015)

More Interactive Internet


Users Can Connect More Easily

Faster Internet (Brainz, 2010)


Caching Services and New Technologies

REFERENCES

Bailey, J. (2013, September 24). 4 Cases that could change DMCA Safe Harbor. Retrieved April 23, 2015, from
://www.plagiarismtoday.com/2013/09/24/dmca-safe-harbor-changing /

Brandom, R. (2015, April 24). Automakers are trying to stop you from hacking your car. Retrieved May 5, 2015, from
://www.theverge.com/2015/4/24/8490359/general-motors-eff-copyright-fight- dmca

Brainz.org. (2010). DMC Takedown 101. Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://brainz.org/dmca -/uscode/text/17/ 512

Cornell University Law Scool. (n.d.). 17 U.S. Code 512 - Limitations on liability relating to material online. Retrieved April 22, 2015, from https
://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/17/ 512

Gardner, E. (2013, September 20). Record companies allowed to pursue Vimeo for copyright infringement. Retrieved May 5, 2015, from
://www.hollywoodreporter.com/thr-esq/record-companies-allowed-pursue-vimeo- 633272

Limones, M. (2014, May). Pre-1972 sound recordings. Retrieved May 5, 2015, from
http://www.thembj.org/2014/05/pre-1972-sound-recordings/

Marrs, M. (2013, December 26). The small business guide to the DMCA and copyright law. Retrieved April 21, 2015, from http
://www.wordstream.com/blog/ws/2013/12/26/ dmca

Orland, K. (2012, July 30). Ubisoft DRM exploit opens PCs to security risk. Retrieved April 23, 2015, from http:/
/arstechnica.com/gaming/2012/07/30/ubisoft-drm-exploit-opens-pcs-to-security-risk/

Perez, J. (2015, April 22). GM, Ford, and others want to make working on Your own car illegal. Retrieved May 5, 2015, from
://www.yahoo.com/autos/s/gm-ford-others-want-working-own-car-illegal-160000229. html

Smith, C. (2014, March 6). 200+ amazing Facebook user statistics. Retrieved April 24, 2015, from
://expandedramblings.com/index.php/by-the-numbers-17-amazing-facebook-stats/

U.S. Copyright Office. (n.d.). Copyright Law of the United States of America. Retrieved May 5, 2015, from http
://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap12.html# 1204

Wikipedia. (n.d.). History of Wikipedia. Retrieved April 22, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Wikipedia#2012

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