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Hepatitis

By
Mila Puspita
Lili Setyowati
Saran

DEFINITION OF HEPATITIS
Hepatitis is a disease caused by several
types of viruses that attack and cause
inflamation and damage to the cells of the
human liver. Hepatitis is categorized into
some
types,
such
as
hepatitis
A,B,C,D,E,F, and G. however, here our
discussion will focus on articles about
Hepatitis A, B and C.

HEPATITIS "A"
Hepatitis is a mild type of hepatitis that
rarely causes death. The hepatitis A virus
(HAV = Hepatitis A Virus) spread trough
the feces/faeces of patients and is
transmitted through contaminated foods
and drinks, not through sexual activity or
blood.

hepatitis A has an incubation period of 2 to


6 weeks after infection occurs. it is after
that period of time that patients show
some signs and symptoms of hepatitis A.

The Symptoms of Hepatitis A


Within the first week, an individual who is
infected will suffer from things like
jaundiece, fatigue, fever loss of appetite,
vomiting, dizziness and black urine. the
fever an infected individual suffers from is
a continuous fever, unlike other types of
fever such as dengue fever, tuberculosis,
thypus,etc.

Handling and Treatment of


Hepatitis A
Patients who show symptoms of hepatitis
A such as so-called jaundice, fatigue and
so on within the first week must not do too
many activities. The patients also need to
immediately visit the nearest health care
facility to get medications for the
symptoms such as paracetamol for fever
and headache.

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B is one of the infectious
diseases in the world that are classified as
dangerous. The disease is caused by
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), a virus that
attacks the liver and causes acute or
chronic liver inflammation.

Transmission can occur in various ways


and the disease can be transmitted from a
mother to her baby during childbirth, as
well as through sexual intercourse, blood
transfusion, syringes, and the use of
personal hygiene tools (toothbrushes,
towels) jointly.

The symptoms of Hepatitis B


Specifically, signs and symptoms of acute
hepatitis B are fever, abdominal pain and
jaundice (the appearance of yellow color
especially on the sclera).

Handling and Treatment of


Hepatitis B
Patients who presumably suffer from
Hepatitis B need to take a blood test to get
a confirmed diagnosis. Once it is
confirmed that the patients suffer from
Hepatitis B, oral treatment and treatment
through injection will be given to the
patients.

Oral Treatments
Treatment using a drug called Lamivudine
from the analogue nucleoside category,
which is widely known as 3TC.
The use of a drug called Adefovir dipivoxil
(Hepsera).
The use of a drug called Baraclude
(Entecavir).

Treatment Through Injection


A treatment through injection for Hepatitis
B that can be used is the injection of
Microsphere, which is something that
contains a radioactive particle that can
emit a -ray. The -ray can destroy cancer
cells without damaging healthy tissues
around them.

Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by
hepatitis C virus (HCV). The disease can
be transmitted through blood contact
{transfusions, needles (contaminated
needles), insects that bite a patient and
bite other people around the patient}.

Symptoms of Hepatitis C
Often times, those who suffer from
Hepatitis C do not show symptoms despite
the fact that infection has been occurring
for many years. However there are some
vague symptoms that may be visible
including: tiredness, loss of appetite,
abdominal pain, dark-colored urine and a
disease called "jaundice" that cause the
patients skin and eyes to turn yellow.
Jaundice, however, is something that
rarely occurs.

Handling and Treatment of


Hepatitis C
Today, the treatment of hepatitis C is
executed by giving drugs such as
interferon alpha, Pegylated interferon
alpha and Ribavirin to patients. The
purpose of Hepatitis C treatment is to
eliminate the virus from your body as early
as possible to prevent deterioration and
the final stage of liver disease.