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Solar Pump

Harshit Chauhan

Solar Water Pump


A solar water pump has a mini power house at its heart and consists of a
calibrated and matching solar array of modules tuned with the equivalent
power of pump for that particular application. The solar water pumping system
is capable of running all types of electrical water pumps with applications
varying from irrigation to household demands. Irrigation pumps such as
submersible, surface or deep well can also be coupled with drip irrigation
systems to enhance the returns from this configuration.

Contd...
A typical solar water pumping system is known by the sum total of solar array size
that is required to run the attached pump. A 1000 Wp solar water pump is capable
of drawing and pumping approximately 40,000 litres of water per day from a
source that is up to 10 meters deep. This is sufficient to irrigate about 2 acres of
land with regular crops. A 1000 Wp solar water pump helps save up to Rs 45,000
when compared to equivalent use of a diesel-operated pump over a year.

Process of Solar Water Pump

Process Contd...
1 Each solar array has a number of solar modules connected
in parallel or series. Every solar PV panel generates current
by converting solar radiation to electrical energy.

2 The electrical energy from the entire array is controlled,


tuned and directed by the inbuilt controller in DC pumps or
through the Variable Frequency Driver(VFD) and enables the
connected pump (may be submersible or surface) to draw
water and feed the delivery pipelines.

3 The water thus drawn from ponds, rivers, bore wells or other
sources by a solar water pump is pumped to supply water as
required. It can be stored in tanks from where it is later
channelled to fields or the supply from the pump may be
coupled with drip irrigation systems to provide optimised

Role of PV array
Solar powered water pumps can deliver drinking water as well as water for
livestock or irrigation purposes. Solar water pumps may be especially useful in
small scale or community based irrigation, as large scale irrigation requires large
volumes of water that in turn require a large solar PV array. As the water may only
be required during some parts of the year, a large PV array would provide excess
energy that is not necessarily required, thus making the system inefficient.

Application
Solar PV water pumping systems are used for irrigation and drinking
water in India. The majority of the pumps are fitted with a 200 watt 3,000 watt motor that receives energy from a 1,800 Wp PV array. The
larger systems can deliver about 140,000 liters of water/day from a
total head of 10 meters. By 30 September 2006, a total of 7,068 solar
PV water pumping systems have been installed

More about PV Array


A Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) Water Pumping System consists of:
PV Array :
Capacity in the range of 200 Wp to 10 KWp. These ranges of Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) Water Pumping
Systems are basically for Irrigation applications. However, these may also be used for Drinking
Water Applications wherever such capacities are required.
PV Array should be mounted on a suitable structure with a provision of tracking the sun.
Motor Pump Set (Surface or submersible) :
- D.C. Motor Pump Set (with Brushes or Brush less D.C.)
OR
- A.C. Induction Motor Pump Set with a suitable Inverter
Electronics :
- Maximum Power Point Tracker (MPPT)
Inverter for A.C. Motors (Appropriate Electronic Controller in case of B.L.D.C.)
- Electronic Protections.
Interconnect Cables and
On-Off switch.

PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS
AND REQUIREMENTS
Solar PV Water Pumps with PV module capacity in the range of 900 Watt to 5
KWp may be installed on a
suitable bore-well / open well / Water Reservoir / Water stream etc.
Under the Average Daily Solar Radiation condition of 7.15 KWh / sq.m. on the
surface of PV array (i.e.coplanar with the PV Modules), the minimum water
output from a Solar PV Water Pumping System.

SPECIFICATIONS
Description

DSSPL-SP1

DSSPLSP2

DSSPLDSSPL-SP4
SP3

PV array

1200 Wp

1800 Wp

3000 Wp

Motor pump set


type

60Metres

85Metres

DSSPL-MD1

DSSPL-MD2

DSSPL-MD3

PV array

900 Wp

1800 Wp

2700 Wp

Motor capacity

1 HP

2 HP

3 HP

Shut Off
Dynamic Head

12 metres

15 metres

25 metres

4800 Wp

Submersible Submersibl Submersi


Submersible
with
e with
ble with
with Electronic
Electronic
Electronic Electronic
Controller
Controller
Controller Controller

Max. total dynamic


60 Metres
head

Description

105 Metres

MS hot
MS hot
MS hot
dipped MS hot dipped
dipped
dipped
galvanise galvanised,
galvanised, galvanised,
Module mounting
d, three
three times
three times three times
structure
times
manual
manual
manual
manual
tracking
tracking
tracking
tracking
facilities
facilities
facilities
facilities
83,000
83,000
1,30,000
62,000 Litres
Litres per
Litres per
Litres per day
per day from
day from
Water Output*
day from a
from a total
a total head
a total
total head
head of 30
of 30 mtrs
head of
of 30 mtrs
mtrs
30 mtrs

MS hot dipped MS hot dipped MS hot dipped


galvanised, at galvanised, at galvanised, at
Module
least three
least three
least three
mounting
times manual times manual times manual
structure
tracking
tracking
tracking
facilities
facilities
facilities
81,000 litres
162,000 litres 135,000 litres
per day from a per day from a per day from a
Water Output*
total head of 10 total head of 10 total head of 20
metres
metres
metres

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION SOLAR WATER PUMP


Indicative Technical Specifications of Shallow Well (Surface) Solar Pumping Systems With A.C. Induction Motor Pump Set and a suitable Inverter:
*. Water output figures are on a clear sunny day with three times tracking of SPV panel when solar radiation on horizontal surface is: 5.5

Thank You