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AND

CYLINDRIC EXTENSIONS

PROJECTIONS

There are three sets:

X1={0,1},X2={0,1},X3={0,1,2}

Cartesian product:

X1 X 2 X 3 X i

iN 3

Xi

iN 3

x x1 , x2 , x3

xi i N 3

If Y { X 1 , X 2 }

R12 [ R Y] [ R { X 1 , X 2 }]

R12 is a projection of R.

membership function of R12 :

[ R Y]( y ) max R( x)

xy

NOTATION DESCRIPTION

Projection R12 of R

Calculate R12(x1,x2)

if x1 x2 0,

R12 ( x1 , x2 ) R12 (0,0)

max{R(0,0,0), R(0,0,1), R(0,0,2)}

max{0.4, 0.9, 0.2}

0.9

10

Projection R13 of R

11

Calculate R13(x1,x3)

if x1 1, x3 2,

R13 ( x1 , x3 ) R13 (1,2)

max{R(1,0,2), R(1,1,2)}

max{0.1, 1.0}

1.0

12

Projection

R23 of R

13

Calculate R23(x2,x3)

if x2 0, x3 2,

R23 ( x2 , x3 ) R23 (0,2)

max{R(0,0,2), R(1,0,2)}

max{0.2, 0.1}

0.2

14

Projection R1 of R

15

Calculate R1(x1)

if x1 0

R1 ( x1 ) R1 (0)

max{R(0,0,0), R(0,0,1), R(0,0,2)

R(0,1,0), R(0,1,1), R(0,1,2)}

max{

0.4,

0.9, 0.2,

1.0,

0.0, 0.8 }

1.0

16

Projection R2 of R

17

Calculate R2(x2)

if x2 1

R2 ( x2 ) R2 (1)

max{R(0,1,0), R(0,1,1), R(0,1,2)

R(1,1,0), R(1,1,1), R(1,1,2)}

max{

1.0,

0.0, 0.8,

0.0,

0.5, 1.0 }

1.0

18

Projection R3 of R

19

Calculate R3(x3)

if x3 2

R3 ( x3 ) R3 (2)

max{R(0,0,2), R (0,1,2), R(1,0,2), R(1,1,2)}

max{

0.2,

0.8,

0.1,

1.0 }

1.0

20

CYLINDRIC EXTENSIONS

21

Problem Description

Based on partial relation,we

conjecture the whole relation.

22

Notation Description

If X={X1,X2,X3},Y={X1,X3}

then X-Y={X2}

[ R ]( x) R( y )

for each x such that x y.

23

(following previous example)

To infer R(x1,x2,x3)from R12(x1,x2)

24

(following previous example)

If x1 =0, x2 =0, R12(0,0)=0.9.

All the 3-ary sequences(with x1=x2 =0)

have the same inferred relations:

R(0,0,0)=0.9

R(0,0,1)=0.9

R(0,0,2)=0.9

25

(following previous example)

To infer R(x1,x2,x3)from R13(x1,x3)

26

(following previous example)

If x1 =0, x3 =2, R13(0,2)=0.8.

All the 3-ary sequences(with x1=0,

x3 =2) have the same inferred

relations:

R(0,0,2)=0.8

R(0,1,2)=0.8

27

(following previous example)

To infer R(x1,x2,x3)from R23(x2,x3)

28

(following previous example)

If x2 =1, x3 =1, R23(1,1)=0.5.

All the 3-ary sequences(with x1=1,

x3 =1) have the same inferred

relations:

R(0,1,1)=0.5

R(1,1,1)=0.5

29

(following previous example)

To infer R(x1,x2,x3)from R1(x1)

[ R ]( x) [ R1 { X 2 , X 3 }]( x) R1 ( y )

30

(following previous example)

If x1 =1, R1(1)=1.0

All the 3-ary sequences(with x1=1)

have the same inferred relations:

R(1,0,0)=1.0 R(1,1,0)=1.0

R(1,0,1)=1.0 R(1,1,1)=1.0

R(1,0,2)=1.0 R(1,1,2)=1.0

31

Cylindric Closures

32

Concept Description

Cylindric closure:

-to infer a relation from several of its

projections by taking the set

intersection of their cylindric

extensions

33

(following previous example)

34

(following previous example)

35

EXERCISE

36

EX.5.1

The fuzzy relation R is defined on sets

X1={a,b,c},X2={s,t},X3={x,y},X4={i,j}.

R(X1,X2,X3,X4)=0.4/b,t,y,i

+0.6/a,s,x,i

+0.9/b,s,y,i

+ 1/b,s,y,j

+0.6/a,t,y,j

+0.2/c,s,y,i

37

EX.5.1

(a) Compute the projections

R4.

R124,R13,and

[ R124 { X 3 }], [ R13 { X 2 , X 4 }], [ R4 { X 1 , X 2 , X 3 }]

three cylindric extensions in (b).

38

To express R(X1,X2,X3,X4)

in membership matrix

39

+ 1/b,s,y,j +0.6/a,t,y,j +0.2/c,s,y,i

Is equal to:

40

Projection R124

R

R124

41

Projection R13

R

R13

42

Projection R4

R

R4

43

R124

44

R13

45

R4

46

47

END

OF

PROJECTIONS AND EXTENSIONS

48

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