You are on page 1of 15

E2E Volte optimization- Offerings & Capabilities

1

1

Planning & implementation

2

Testing & Tools

3

KPIs

4

Challenges of implementation

I

Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. All rights reserved.

e.  GSMA has defined Voice over LTE (Volte) in describing minimum set of requirements for delivering voice in an all IP environment based on existing 3GPP IMS based multimedia telephony .  GSMA – Voice over LTE has evolved as the preferred standard for telephony solution in LTE that has been accepted by the operator community.  In order to accommodate voice on LTE.Introduction to VOLTE  LTE is a packet only architecture designed to improve data performance. two approaches were taken i.LTE Subscribers can Roam on 2G/3G network by SRVCC Provided By the LTE Network Voice Services are Provided by OTT(Over the Top Content Delivery of Audio and Video Over Internet with help of ISP) Carrier LTE Voice Solutions Data Services Provided Voice Services Provided by CSFB (Subscribers Fall back to By the LTE Network and Traditional 2G/3G Networks) Voice Services Provided By the CS Network SVLTE: Dual Radio Terminals are required .the 2G/3G Network Provides Voice services and LTE Provides data 2 I Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. by LTE IMS/SRVCC(Voice Solution Provided bysolution IMS and Data Voice and Data Services EPC. CSFB(Circuit Switch Fall Back) and Volte. . All rights reserved. It does not support CS voice or video call.

VoLTE Phase-based Deployment Policy(Planning) LTE LTE       3 I Initial commercial use  Initial smartphone LTE data card and LTE CPE(Customer premises equipment (CPE) Deployment suggestions: CSFB CPEs subscribe to IMS-based VoIP voice services. All rights reserved. 2G/3G 2G/3G Pre-VoLTE Terminals: LTE LTE 2G/3G  Phase 3: Full LTE coverage Phase 2: Continuous LTE coverage Phase 1: Hot spot LTE coverage Terminals:        Smartphone LTE data card and LTE CPE(Customer premises equipment (CPE)) Deployment suggestions:  Large-scale commercial deployment IMS-based VoLTE voice services eSRVCC Convergent database SingleSDB LTE-based rich media RCS services Terminals:    Smartphone LTE data card and LTE CPE(Customer premises equipment (CPE)) Deployment suggestions:    The LTE network becomes the mainstream. ICS(IMS Centralized Services) IMS roaming and interworking . Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. Soft clients subscribe to rich media RCS services(Rich Communication Services) program is a GSM Association (GSMA) .

. All rights reserved.X2 AP to analyse the Performance issues happening on SIP protocols to identify UE and ENodeB Performance issues Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra.Overview of the Data collection Using Wireshark and TEMS Discovery TI Logs MME Traces collected 4 I 1) TI-Logs are Terminal Logs or UE Logs Collected during drive test and Analyses Using Tems Discovery Like RRC Failure Analysis and L3 Message Analysis 2) 2)As a Part of Enode B Performance Analysis Wireshark Logs Collected at MME on S1 AP.

RRC Drops. RRC Drop Rate. Tems Discovery Volte report also provides LTE RRC KPIs like RRC Setup Failure Rate. RRC Calls Successfully Completed. etc.  . 5 I Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra.High level Troubleshooting Guide For Performance Analysis Collect Data Analyze UE Layer 3 RF Correlation Found? YES Correlate with Traces Evaluate in detail RAN ISSUE NO Evaluate SIP Log IMS Correlation Found? YES Evaluate in detail NO Potential MME/EPC Issue? Cascade to E2E Team CORE ISSUE  Trouble Shooting to Improve Volte Performance are done Via Drive Test Logs an Logs Collected at MME  Access ability and Retain ability are two main KPIs for LTE Layer 3 Analysis. All rights reserved. RRC Setup Attempts. RRC Setup Complete.

The Log shows the UE is Registered in Volte Domain(registered with IMS) and IMS AKA-Authentication(Authentication and Key Agreement) has been Completed by Core Network andMahindra. .VOLTE Log Analysis Using Wireshark(SIP Messages) UE Registration with IMS 6 The Above Snap shows the analysis of Packet Capture for SIP Messages done on ENodeB to MME S1 –AP Interface analysis done using wireshark. UE isAllReady to make Volte Calls I Copyright © 2016 Tech rights reserved.

. All rights reserved. the L3 analysis above shows that the UE is started reading the System Information messages and ready for registration to LTE network 7 I Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra.RRC(L3) Analysis Procedure from Tems Discovery The Above Snap shows the analysis of UE logs collected during drive test and analyzed using Tems discovery.

5 % VOLTE Drive Scenario MS1 LTE_Scanner Long Call DL (DO MS2 only) Long Call UL (DO MS3 only) MS4 MO CSFB Call MS5 MT CSFB Call MS6 VOLTE MO UE MS7 VOLTE MT UE .5 sec <3.5 sec > 98 % >96% > 98. VOLTE Counter KPI'S % Accessibility QCI1 KPI Target >99% % Retainability QCI 1 > 99 % % HOSR QCI1 > 98.LTE/VOLTE COUNTER KPI’S & THRESHOLD Volte OSS KPI’s LTE OSS KPI’s LTE Counter KPI'S for 10 MHz % Accessibility % Retainability % HOSR % IRAT Rate DL Throughput (Mbps) UL Throughput (Mbps) CSFB Succ Rate Volte Drive Test 8 I KPI Target >99% > 99 % > 98.5 % %SRVCC Succ Rate KPI Threshold >99% >99% >99% >99% <8. All rights reserved.5 % < 1% > 11 >5 > 98.5 % VOLTE Drive KPI VOLTE MO Accessibility VOLTE Retainability VOLTE MO Retainability VOLTE MT KPI’s Retainability VOLTE MO Voice Setup Time VOLTE MT Voice Setup Time % of Samples with MOS>2.1 % of call stayed on VOLTE Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra.

SRVCC is the Main KPI which needs to be Optimized when there is no Volte Coverage When the handset leaves the LTE coverage area. If LTE coverage is extensive. The Major VOLTE drive test parameters are as RSRP.       VOLTE OPTIMIZATION(Drive Test and OSS Statistics) Volte Performance can Analysed by Drive Test data and OSS Statistics The purpose of VOLTE drive test is to evaluate the coverage and performance of a network for voice call services. All rights reserved. DL RSSI. Session setup success (Accessibility). Antenna Swap. Techmahindra can check below points: – Coverage footprint of sites – Accessibility – Retain ability – Mobility – Quality – MOS Score – SRVCC If Any degradation in any drive KPI. MIMO Swap. PCI Collision. UL RSSI. then has to find out RCA and has to provide solution as per specific problems. then VOLTE connection can be handed over to a CS connection in a legacy network. session completion failure (Retainability) and SRVCC success rate are two main KPI’s for analysis from Drive Test data and OSS Stats With the help of drive test data and OSS Stats. Cell Status. MOS Score. Techmahindra has to perform few basic checks with drive logs and parameter audit sheets like : Site are not radiating or radiating with poor footprint. eNodeB Power and check for Parameter. Please find some basic troubleshooting and recommendation for improvement of drive KPI in next slide: SRVCC . UE TX Power etc. It is beneficial to have a low SRVCC probability to gain full benefit of VOLTE. then SRVCC probability is Low. Alarms. VSWR. This procedure is called SRVCC (Single Radio Voice Call Continuity). . SINR. 9 I Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. RSRQ.

Neighbor Cell fault or down). damaged cables or connectors. Tempoint status. . High VSWR. Yes Check current alarm. S1 continuity. Check CQI & Power Limitation. All rights reserved. Check layer management strategy for Multicarrier sites. History & Activity logs HW Fault /Down Time? NO Tx Fault? Yes Check Media.VOLTE OPTIMIZATION(Flow Chart for Accessibility) START Call Access Failure? Check Hardware Fault (RRU. need to check core Network issues by UE traces or MME traces analyzed using Wireshark.  Try to offload Cell/Site. Check for faulty antenna. Apply Hi Cap settings & Do possible Physical Optimization. Check for any Non RF Ready Or Pre launch sites nearby. NO is Accessibility fail to Due o High/LOW RSSI Yes NO Is Fails due to Poor RF   Yes NO Fails due to Other Reasons? Yes END 10 I Identify Poor RF Coverage. overshooting and Hardware  Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. Apply Layer management strategy if NO As Fails due to Congestion?   Yes Check PCI Collision. multicarrier carriers available. Recommend Physical Optimization of cells or Propose New Coverage sites. Interference (UL RSSI).

All rights reserved.VOLTE OPTIMIZATION(Flow Chart for Retainability) START No Call Drop? Check Hardware Fault (RRU. Interference (UL RSSI) on target cell. Check CQI & Power Limitation. Recommend Physical Optimization of cells or Propose New Coverage sites.  Try to offload Cell/Site. . damaged cables or connectors. Apply Layer management strategy if NO Is Drop due to Congestion?   Yes Check PCI Collision. S1 continuity. High VSWR. Tempoint status. Check for any Non RF Ready Or Pre launch sites nearby. need to check core Network issues by UE traces or MME traces analyzed using Wireshark. Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. History & Activity logs HW Fault /Down Time? NO Tx Fault? Yes Check Media. Check for faulty antenna. overshooting Check UL RSSI on cell. multicarrier carriers available. High Interference cause drops. Neighbor Cell fault or down). NO Is Drop due to HO Fail Or High UL RSSI? Yes NO Is Drop due to Poor RF   Yes NO Drops due to Other Reasons? Yes END 11 I   Identify Poor RF Coverage. Apply Hi Cap settings & Do possible Physical Optimization. Check layer management strategy for Multicarrier sites. Yes Check current alarm.

Poor HO Preparation Yes NO Incorrect Parameter setting in Target Yes NO Yes Handover preparation may fail because the target eNodeB cannot provide the necessary resources for the handover during congestion or cannot interpret the contents of the handover request message. Check if all MME link is working if MME is in Pool. Check Ho Parameters and Call traces with log analysis to check the incorrect parameter Target cell might be loaded NOO Check for X2Failure alarm or S1 Failure alarm in Yes Alarm in the target NO The target cell Check for Overshooting cells with drive plots/Prach Report . Propose Coverage optimization for sites having coverage holes. Analyse using Wireshark and check for the Cause   . All rights reserved.Recommend Physical Optimization of these cells and parameter optimization to restrict the Cell footprint.VOLTE OPTIMIZATION(Flow Chart for Mobility ) START NO Term point to MME missing on target cells. NO Overshooting Yes NO Collectogs on X2 and S1 AP END 12 I Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra.

N 1 2 3 4 5 6 Description Troubleshooting Solution If Both the Tx branches of Antenna or It can we verified with scanner Tx1 & Tx2 RRU are not dominant in same Inform customer so that the tower RSRP plot in Tems discovery to see that the TX Imbalance direction. crew can be sent to site for difference between TX1 and TX2 rsrp should (Difference between two TX branches < rectification. analysis. check for Alarm. there can be several reason analysis. PCI distribution need to be check in PCI Plot. Check for UL RSSI. VSWR and verify for codec rate etc. Alarms. check for UL RSSI. pegged a drop. Check for SIP call flow. Need to check the neighbor definition and During the mobilty test when UE tries Fix the problem after implementation check for ANR parameters as well. If there of recommendation on the basis of Issue drive test is no RTP packet for 10 sec then it will analysis. Check for SIP of recommendation on the basis of Issue Drive Test call flow. Check for UL RSSI. Need to Check PCI collision. HO Failure to Handover from one PCI to another of recommendation on the basis of Need to check the basic Handover PCI and it got failed. Inform customer so that the tower If existing orientation of antenna are Azimuth Issue PCIs are shifted either clockwise or anti crew can be sent to site for different from the designed azimuth. . observed from SIP messages. Feeder cables are physically PCI plot need to be checked on Tems Inform customer so that the tower Feeder Swap incorrectly connected between the discovery to see if the sectors are radiating in crew can be sent to site for RRU and Antenna. rectification. Parameters. Fix the problem after implementation Accessibility Poor Accessibility observed during check for License capacity. . not exceed 10db. 10db).1) Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. the expected direction. MOS Score Issue 7 13 Problem I Poor MOS Score (<2. All rights reserved. check for handover Fix the problem after implementation Retainability Poor Retainability observed during parameters. Check for coverage. it is refered as Tx Imbalance. Check for PCI collision. clockwise with respect to the azimuths verification. Check for coverage. Need to check RF conditions. Fix the problem after implementation of recommendation on the basis of analysis.VOLTE OPTIMIZATION CASE STUDIES during Drive Test S.

leading to costly and embarrassing outages.Challenges To Deploying VoLTE The “flipside” of being able to deliver voice and data over one network is that those networks must now be optimized for both voice and data. Expects to see many more devices available in many more countries by the end of 2014. and doing so in the form of data packets even more so. and all of these new devices need to be evaluated for performance. interoperability. and conferencing? In migrating voice to LTE. VoLTE involves lots of new moving pieces.  Fallback Volte is not a forklift upgrade.  Signaling Spikes in hard-to-predict signaling traffic are already occurring due to smartphones generating up to 20x the signaling traffic of traditional phones. Major challenges to ensuring successful Deployments out of the gate include:  Validating New Devices and Configurations By 2016. forwarding.  Interoperability in Increasingly Multi-vendor Environments the interfaces involved in Volte are also prone to customization by vendors. Such devices are already available in Korea and other countries leading adoption. Until every mobile phone in use supports it. it not only has to deliver better quality than what OTT players provide. it’s a whole new deal. Delivering high-quality voice is more challenging. and reliability. Aside from the sheer novelty of this undertaking. Early indicators  Impact on value-added services What impact will increased complexity have on features like Call Waiting. and Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) implementations within IMS. including critical Diameter protocols used in the EPC core. unproven technologies. operators need to be sure subscribers’ satisfaction with the features they’ve come to rely on won’t 14be Icompromised Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. voicemail. ARC Chart expects the installed base of Volte-enabled handsets to top 74 million.  Ensuring Quality of Experience (QoE) For Volte to be worth the formidable investment. but exceed what 2G/3G networks deliver as well. operators will need to support legacy air-links and provide seamless fallback to 2G/3G networks where LTE is unavailable. All rights reserved. Signaling volumes may actually overwhelm infrastructures. and interdependencies. .

VOLTE – 15 I Key Optimization CHALLENGES Copyright © 2016 Tech Mahindra. All rights reserved. .