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# The Law of Conservation

Mass in Chemical
Reactions
Stoichiometry

## Law of Conservation of Mass

In any Chemical Reaction,
matter cannot be created nor
destroyed. He also added
that The total amount of
mass in planet earth remains
constant it is merely
changing from one form to
another.
--Antoine Lavoisier, 1789

Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry

## Structure of a Chemical Equation

CH4 (g) + 2 O2 (g)

## Reactants appear on the

left side of the equation.

Stoichiometry

## Structure of a Chemical Equation

CH4 (g) + 2 O2 (g)

## Products appear on the

right side of the equation.

Stoichiometry

## Structure of a Chemical Equation

CH4 (g) + 2 O2 (g)

## Coefficients are inserted to

balance the equation.

Stoichiometry

## Subscripts and Coefficients Give

Different Information

## Subscripts tell the number of atoms of

each element in a molecule
Stoichiometry

## Subscripts and Coefficients Give

Different Information

## Subscripts tell the number of atoms of

each element in a molecule
Coefficients tell the number of
molecules

Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry

__Fe2O3 +__H2

__Fe + __H2O

## Write the formulas of the substances in the

chemical equation correctly.
An arrow separates the reactant from
the product and plus signs separates
multiple reactants from products.
Stoichiometry

__Fe2O3 +__H2

__Fe + __H2O

Reactant

Element

Product

2
3
2

Fe
O
H

1
1
2

## Count the atoms of the elements on each

side of the equation.
Stoichiometry

Fe2O3 + 3H2

2Fe + 3H2O

Reactant

Element

Product

2
3
(3)2

Fe
O
H

1(2) = 2
1(3) = 3
2(3) = 6

## Adjust the coefficients to make

the number of atoms equal on
both sides

Stoichiometry

Fe2O3 + 3H2

2Fe + 3H2O

Reactant

Element

Product

2
3
6

Fe
O
H

2
3
6

## Check if the number of atoms are

the same on both sides

Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

__CO2 +__NH3

__OC(NH2) 2 + __H2O

## Write the formulas of the substances in the

chemical equation correctly.
An arrow separates the reactant from
the product and plus signs separates
multiple reactants from products.
Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

__CO2 +__NH3

__OC(NH2) 2 + __H2O

Reactant

Element

Product

1
2
1
3

C
O
N
H

1
1+1
2
4+2

## Count the atoms of the elements on each

side of the equation.

Stoichiometry

CO2 + 2NH3

OC(NH2) 2 + H2O

Reactant

Element

Product

1
2
1(2) = 2
3(2) = 6

C
O
N
H

1
1+1
2
4+2

## Adjust the coefficients to make

the number of atoms equal on
both sides

Stoichiometry

CO2 + 2NH3

OC(NH2) 2 + H2O

Reactant

Element

Product

1
2
2
6

C
O
N
H

1
2
2
6

## Check if the number of atoms are

the same on both sides

Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

C7H6O2 (g) + O2 (g)

## Write the formulas of the substances in the

chemical equation correctly.
An arrow separates the reactant from
the product and plus signs separates
multiple reactants from products.
Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

2C7H6O2 (g) + O2 (g)

Reactant Element

14
12
4 + 2

C
O
H

Product

1
2
2 + 1

## Count the atoms of the elements on each

side of the equation.

Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

C7H6O2 (g) + O2 (g)

Reactant Element

7
6
2 + 2

C
O
H

Product

1
2
2 + 1

## Adjust the coefficients to make

the number of atoms equal on
both sides.

Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

2C7H6O2 (g) + 15O2 (g)

Reactant

Element

Product

7(2) = 14
6(2) = 12
2(2) + 2(15)

C
O
H

1(14)
2(6)
2(14) + 1(6)

## If the equation is still not balanced,

multiply the coefficient of the first
formula by 2

Stoichiometry

## Balancing a Chemical Equation

2C7H6O2 (g) + 15O2 (g)

Reactant

Element

Product

14
12
34

C
O
H

14
12
34

## Check if the number of atoms are

the same on both sides

Stoichiometry