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# Elastic

potential
energy

## 2. What kind of energy is

stored in the rubber band?

## 3. What kind of energy does a

rolling toy have?

4. What transformation of
energy happens in a rolling
toy?

## Springs and rubber bands

are called elastics

## When elastics are stretched and then

let go, they will return to their original
form if they were not stretched
beyond their elastic limit.

Springs

free length

## Force and deformation

x
When you apply a force to a spring, it deforms.

Work

x
The applied force does work on the spring.
The change in the springs length is called the deformation, x.

## Elastic potential energy

x
The work done to stretch or compress the spring
is stored in the spring as elastic potential energy.

Equations

x
The elastic potential energy of a spring is
one half the product of its spring constant
multiplied by the square of its deformation.

## What is the spring constant k ?

The spring constant tells you the stiffness of the spring.

## The spring constant k is a property of the spring itself.

It does not change when the spring is deformed.

## Units of the spring constant

The spring constant has units of N/m, or newtons per meter.

## Example: A 300 N/m spring requires 300 N

of force to stretch 1 meter.

## A stiff spring needs a large force to stretch it

a meter, so it has a large spring constant.

## A stiff spring stores more potential energy

per meter of stretch.

What is x ?
The deformation x is the change
in the length of the spring.
It can be positive or negative.
It points in the opposite
direction of the spring force.
It has units of meters.

## Elastic potential energy

Work

W = Fd
Work is force times distance.

Hookes law

W = Fd
F = -kx

Hookes law

W = Fd
F = -kx

## where k is the spring constant

in N/m . . .
and x is the change in length
of the spring in meters.

## Ep is equal to the work done to

deform the spring by an amount x.

## This expression is true for

more than just springs!

## Elastic potential energy is stored in all objects that

can deform and spring back to their original shape.

## Typical elastic potential energies

Assessment
1. What kind of energy is stored in the rubber band?
2. What type of materials are rubber bands and spring ?
3. What is the k in the formula?
4. What will happen to the spring or rubber bands when you stretch it or apply force on it?
5. What kind of potential energy does a rubber band have?