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Wellness- is a deliberate lifestyle choice

characterized by personal responsibility and


optimal enhancement of physical, mental, and
spiritual health.

Dimension of Health
Physical Health

Psychological Health
Spiritual Health
Social health
Intellectual Health
Environmental Health

Physical Health
Eating
Exercise
Sleep
Use of Drugs and Alcohol
Risky behaviors
Disease or illness
Disability

Psychological health
Mental and emotional state
Awareness and acceptance of feelings in
ourselves and others
Ability to express emotions in a constructive way
Ability to function independently
Ability to cope with challenges and stressors

Spiritual Health
Spiritually healthy individuals:
Identify their own basic purpose in life
Learn how to experience love, joy peace and
fulfillments
Help themselves and others achieve their full
potential

Social Health
Refers to the ability to interact effectively
with other people and the social environment,
to develop satisfying interpersonal
relationships, and to fulfill social roles.

Intellectual health
Refers to your ability to think and learn from life
experiences, your openness to new ideas, and your
capacity to question and evaluate information
An intellectually healthy person:
Thinks through values
Makes decisions
Sets goals
Handles problems or challenges effectively

Environmental Health
Refers to the impact your world has on your
well-being.
It means protecting yourself from dangers in
the air, water, and soil, and in products you
useand also working to preserve the
environment itself.

Health Promotion
Movement in which knowledge, practices,
and values are transmitted to people for use
in lengthening their lives, reducing the
incidence of illness, and feeling better

Levels of Prevention
Primary-includes all activities carried out to keep
healthy people and prevent those from getting
diseases
Secondary- interventions taken at the early
stage of a problem before it becomes serious
Tertiary- includes behaviors that are involved in
treatment and rehabilitation

Cancer
Primary Prevention- Educate the public about
behavioral factors that increase risk, signs and
symptoms of cancer, methods of treatment
Secondary Prevention- Screening for disease by
taking tissue samples etc.
Tertiary Prevention- Providing treatment for
disease such as surgery to remove tumor

The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies core functions of public health
programs including :
vaccines

and immunization vaccines for chicken pox, polio, measles, tetanus,


tuberculosis

disease prevention and treatment


Mother and child care

Environmental sanitation

Nutrition

3. Fats
supply the most concentrated
B12, Niacin,
source of energy
Provide feeling of fullness and
satisfaction since fats take
longer to digest

4. Vitamins
A,B1, B2,
Folic Acid
C, D , E , K

5. Macrominerals

6. Microminerals

calcium
Phophorous

* iron

Magnesium
Sodium chloride

* copper

Potassium

* zinc
* manganese
* selenium
* chromium
* iodine
* flouride

Balance Diet
- is a diet which contains all the nutrients
required for health, in appropriate proportions.

HYGIENE
- the general term that refers to the conditions and activities that are
used to maintain health and safety with proper sanitation and
personal cleanliness
Sanitation involves the hygienic disposal and treatment by the civic
authority of potentially unhealthy human waste.
Some types of hygiene:
Personal hygiene such as oral, dental and body hygiene
Food hygiene and safe handling and preservation techniques home
and restaurants
Public sanitation services clean water, waste disposal, garbage
collection

List of diseases caused by lack of sanitation


Relevant diseases and conditions caused by lack of sanitation and
hygiene include:
Waterborne diseases, which can contaminate drinking water
Diseases transmitted by thefecal-oral route
Infections with intestinal helminths(worms) - approximately two
billion people are infected withsoil-transmitted helminths
worldwide; they are transmitted by eggs present in human faeces
which in turn contaminate soil in areas where sanitation is poor.
Stunted growthin children
Malnutrition, particularly in children

The list of diseases that could be reduced with proper access to sanitation
and hygiene practices:
Anaemia,malnutrition
Ascariasis(a type of intestinal worm infection)
Cholera
Dengue
Hepatitis
Leptospirosis
Malaria
Ringwormor Tinea (a type of intestinal worm infection)
Scabies
Schistosomiasis
Typhoidand paratyphoid enteric fevers
Poliois another disease which is related to improper sanitation and hygiene

Mothers role
Mothers have historically fulfilled the primary role in raising children.

As health and survival of the new born depends on the health of


mother.

MOTHER EDUCATION IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THE RIGHT CARE


OF THE CHILD

Fathers should take a bigger childcare role

EXPANDED
PROGRAM ON
IMMUNIZATION

VACCINES

SCHEDULES/ DOSES

DOSE

ROUTE

SITE

BCG
(bacillus
calmette
guerin)

@ BIRTH
school entrance

0.05 ml
0.10 ml

ID
intradermal

right upper
arm/ DELTOID

DDT
(Diptheria,
Pertusis,
Tetanus)

1 mos./6 wks
2 mos./12 wks
3 mos./14 wks

0.5 ml
0.5 ml
0.5ml

IM
intramascular

right/left
upper outer
thigh

OPV
(Oral Polio
Vaccine)

1 mos./6 wks
2 mos./12 wks
3 mos./14 wks

2-3 gtts
2-3 gtts
2-3 gtts

ORAL

MOUTH

Hepa B

@ BIRTH
1 mos./6 wks
2 mos./12 wks

0.5 ml
0.5 ml
0.5ml

IM
intramascular

right/left
upper outer
thigh

VACCINES

SCHEDULES/
DOSES

DOSE

MEASLES

9 mons.

0.5 ml

with Vit. A
( 100,000
units)

ROUTE/
%
PROTECTED

SITE/
Duration
Of
Protection

Sub-Q
right/ left
Subcutaneo upper arm
us

2-3 gtts

Mouth
ORAL

COMMUNICABLE
DISEASES

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms,


such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. The diseases can
be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another.
The Philippines continues to witness outbreaks of emerging
infectious diseases, including epidemic-prone communicable
diseases such as dengue, cholera, typhoid and leptospirosis.
Dengue especially, has become a serious public health
problem, imposing a significant burden on hospitals and other
health care services.
The most common disease outbreaks are food-borne diseases
like cholera, salmonellosis and shigellosis. Meanwhile, the
Philippines continues to face health security threats from newly
emerging diseases

prepare for THE EXAMINATION


NEXT FRIDAY
Good Luck!!!