You are on page 1of 40

ROADS GOVERNMENT

CONTROL AND
MINISTRY

Topics Covered:
1.Road Network in India
2.Ministry of Shipping ,Road Transport and Highways
3.The Department of Road Transport and Highways
4.Acts/Rules
5.Different Autonomous Bodies
6.Private-Public Partnership
2

ROAD NETWORK IN INDIA

India has one of the worlds largest road networks, with a


total length of 3.3 million kilometres.
India has a network of National Highways connecting all
the major cities and state capitals, forming the economic
backbone of the country.

India has a total of 66,590 km of National Highways, of


which 200 km are classified as expressways.
3

ROAD NETWORK IN INDIA


National
Highways/Expressways

70,548 Km

State Highways

1,28,000 Km

Major and other District


Roads

4,70,000 Km

Village Roads

26,50,000 Km

*Source-Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

MINISTRY OF SHIPPING, ROAD TRANSPORT &


HIGHWAYS
Ministry of Surface Transport was bifurcated into two
Ministries viz. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
and Ministry of Shipping in June, 2001.
The ministry of road transport and Highway were merged
on 2nd Septemper,2004 into a single Ministry of
Shipping, Road Transport & Highways, with two
Departments
1. Department of Shipping
2. Department of Road Transport & Highways.
5

THE DEPARTMENT OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND


HIGHWAYS
The Department of Road Transport and Highways is
responsible for the formulation and implementation of policies
relating to Road Transport and National Highways, Central
Sector Road Scheme, administration of Central Road Fund and
sponsoring of research pertaining to road works.
From May 2009, Mr Kamal Nath
is the Minister of Road Transport
and Highways

Minister

Minister of State

Secretary

Additional
Secretary
and
Financial
Adviser

Joint
Secretary

Director
General(
R&D)
&Special
Secretary

Advisor
(Transport
Research)

Chief
Controller
of
Accounts

THE DEPARTMENT OF ROAD TRANSPORT AND


HIGHWAYS
The Department of Road Transport and Highways is headed by
a Secretary to the Government of India. He is assisted by a team
of officers, among whom is also the Additional Secretary and
Financial Advisor who holds the twin responsibility of Department
of Road Transport and Highways and Department of Shipping.
The two major divisions of the department are
1. Transport Division
2. Road Division.

TRANSPORT DIVISION
The Transport Division of the ministry is concerned with
the formulation of broad policies related to road transport
besides making arrangements for the movement of
vehicular traffic with the neighbouring countries. The
following Acts/Rules are being administered in the Road
Transport Division of the Ministry:
Motor Vehicles Act 1988
Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989
Road Transport Corporations Act 2001
Carriage by Road Act,2007
9

ROAD DIVISION
The Road Division is concerned mainly with matters
relating to
(i) advising Government on all general policy matters
relating to Highways
(ii)development and maintenance of roads declared as
National Highways
(iii)development and maintenance of roads other than
National Highways in Union Territories
10

ROAD DIVISION-contd..
(iv) administration of Central Road Fund (CRF) pertaining
to state roads other than rural roads
(v) evaluation and specification of Standards for roads
and bridges
(vi) research on roads.

11

ROAD TRANSPORT
Road Transport is still the dominant mode of
transportation in India
About 60 percent of freight and 87.4 percent passenger
traffic is carried by the roads. Although National
Highways constitute only about 2 percent of the road
network, it carries 40 percent of the total road traffic.
Road transport needs to be regulated by the Ministry for
better energy efficiency, less pollution and enhanced
road safety.
12

Average Annual Growth Rates(%) in Transport


Sector
Sector

2006-07/1999-2000

Overall GDP

6.9

Transport

8.6

Railways

6.8

Road

9.4

Water

7.9

Air

7.7
*Source-Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

13

Average Annual Growth Rates(%) in Transport


Sector

From the year 2000 to 2007


14

ISSUES TO BE ADDRESSED
Indias roads are congested and of poor quality. Lane
capacity is low - most national highways are two lanes or
less. Some 40 percent of villages in India lack access to
all-weather roads
Besides just fixing and paving the roads, widening &
straightening of roads and expanding the network is
becoming increasingly necessary for the Ministry.
Due to decades of bureaucratic procedural difficulties, the
road network has suffered long delays. There are other
environmental, logistical, and local issues contributing to
delay in development of the road infrastructure
15

16

ACTS/RULES

National Highway Fee rules 2008


Carriage by Road Act,2007
Central Road Fund (State Roads)Rules,2007
Central Road Fund Act,2000
National Highway Authority of India Act,1998
Motor Vehicles(Amendment) Act 2000
Road Transport Corporations Act 1950
The Control of National Highways (Land & Traffic) Act,
2002.
The Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989
17

Measures to ensure smooth passage of freight


traffic(National Road Transport Policy)
Use of intelligent transport system (ITS).
Adopt concept of Green Channel.
National permit system.
Rationalization of discretionary powers.

18

National Highways Development Project (NHDP)


In order to take up the improvement and development of
National Highways, National Highways Development
Project (NHDP) was initiated in a phased manner.
The 4/6 laning of National Highways has been taken up
under NHDP.
The projects have two components
(i) Golden Quadrilateral connecting Delhi-MumbaiChennai-Kolkata-Delhi
(ii) North-South Corridor connecting Kashmir to
Kanyakumari including Cochin-Salem spur and EastWest Corridor connecting Silchar to Porbander.
19

Golden Quadrilateral

20

National Highways Authority of India(NHAI)

The National Highways Authority of India(NHAI) was


constituted under the National Highways Authority of
India Act, 1988, and was made operational in
February,1995.
Initially it was entrusted with the task of implementing 5
externally aided NH(National Highway) improvement
projects. Subsequently, it was asked to implement
several other projects including some BOT projects on
National Highways.
NHAI has been mandated to implement NHDP
21

22

Control of the State Highways and Other Roads

State highways and other main


roads are under the jurisdiction of
the Public Works Department (PWD)
Other roads in the district are under the district
panchayat.
Village roads are under grama panchayats.

23

BORDER ROADS ORGANIZATION(BRO)

The BRO was conceptualised


initially in 1960, to construct and
maintain roads in border areas as per the operational
requirements of the Ministry of Defence.
The BRO is under the administrative control of the
Ministry of Defence. The Director General Border Roads
(DGBR) is the executive head of the BRO

24

INDIAN ROADS CONGRESS (IRC)


Set up by the Government of India in consultation with
the State Governments in December, 1934.
It is the premier body of Highways Engineers in India.
The Principal objectives are to provide a national forum
for regular pooling of experience and ideas on all matters
concerned with the construction and maintenance of
highways
President of India is the Patron of IRC and generally
Minister in charge of Road Transport and Highways is
vice-Patron of IRC.
25

National Institute for Training of Highway


Engineers (NITHE)
The National Institute for Training of Highway Engineers
(NITHE) is a registered Society under the administrative
control of this Ministry.
It was set up as a collaborative body of the Central and
State Governments in 1983.
Organizes training in Highways Engineering for officers
of Central/State Governments, Public & Private Sectors
and under Colombo Plan & SAARC countries.
26

The Central Institute of Road Transport


Established in 1967 on the joint initiative of the Association of
State Road Transport Undertakings (ASRTU) and the then
Ministry of shipping and Transport, Government of India.
Principle objective is to improve the efficiency and
productivity of the transport sector, with particular emphasis
on State Transport Undertakings.
CIRT has a strength of 240 employees of whom seventy are
professional staff.

27

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT


WING
Main thrust is to build a sustainable
road infrastructure comparable to the best in the word.
The research schemes sponsored by the Department,
once completed, would enable them to be adopted by
user agencies/departments in their field work. Help of
various research and academic institutions and
universities are taken to implement the schemes.
The areas covered are roads, road transport, bridges,
traffic and transportation techniques etc.
28

ROAD SAFETY
The Ministry formulates policies for road safety so as to
minimise road accidents. The important schemes
formulated and managed by the Road Safety Cell
include
Publicity programmes,
Grants-in-aid to NGOs for organising road safety
programmes,
National Highways Accident Relief Service Scheme,
Refresher training to heavy vehicle drivers in the
unorganized sector.
29

National Highway Accident Relief Service


Scheme(NHARSS)

In order to provide immediate medical assistance to road


accidents victims and also to remove damaged vehicles
from the site, one crane and one ambulance is provided
under this Scheme to NGOs/State Authorities.

The recurring expenditure on account of operation and


maintenance cost is to be borne by the grantee State
Government/NGO.
30

FINANCIAL WING

The finance wing is headed by an Additional Secretary &


Financial Adviser. He is assisted by Director (Finance),
and Assistant Financial Adviser.
The Financial Adviser contributes in all the activities
pertaining to -planning, programming, budgeting,
monitoring and evaluation of various
schemes/programmes of the Ministry

31

VIGILANCE UNIT

The Vigilance Unit of the Ministry is responsible for


coordinating and supervising the vigilance activities
pertaining to the Ministry.

The Unit is headed by the Chief Vigilance Officer.

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has a


separate full time Chief Vigilance Officer.

32

PUBLIC GREIVANCES REDRESSAL


An Information and Facilitation Counter (IFC) is
functioning in the Ministry for effective and responsive
administration as well as to provide information to the
citizens regarding services and programmes, schemes
etc., supported by the Ministry.
In addition to furnishing information, the IFC also
receives public grievance petitions, which are then
passed on to the concerned authorities for consideration.

33

PRADHAN MANTRI GRAM


SADAK YOJANA
In 2000, around 40% of villages in India lacked access to
all-weather roads and remained isolated during the
monsoon season.

To improve rural connectivity, Pradhan Mantri Gram


Sadak Yojana (Prime Minister's Rural Road Program), a
project funded by the Government with the help of World
Bank ,was launched in 2000 to build all-weather roads to
connect all habitations with a population of 500 or above
(250 or above for hilly areas).
34

BHARATH NIRMAN YOJNA


A Government proposal for providing the road
connections to more than 38,484 villages above 1000
population and all 20,867 habitations above 500
population in hilly and tribal areas.
To achieve the targets of Bharat Nirman, 1,46,185 kms.
of road length is proposed to be constructed by 2009.
To ensure full farm-to-market connectivity, it is also
proposed to upgrade 1,94,132 kms. of the existing
Associated Through Routes.
A sum of approximately Rs. 48,000 crore is proposed to
be invested to achieve this.
35

Public Private Participation (PPP)


Traditionally, the road projects were fully financed and
controlled/ supervised by the Government.
With a view to attract private investment in road
development, maintenance and operation, National
Highways Act (NH Act) 1956 was amended in June
1995.
Several incentives have been announced by the
Government to attract private sector participation and
foreign direct investment
36

Incentive announced by the Government for


Private Sector
Government to bear the cost of
-Project Feasibility Study
-Land for the right of way and way side amenities
-Shifting of utilities
-Environment clearance, cutting of trees, etc.

Foreign Direct Investment up to 100 % in road sector.

Provision of subsidy up to 40% of project cost to make


projects viable. The quantum of subsidy to be decided on a
case-to-case basis.
37

Incentive announced by the Government for


Private Sector
Duty free import of high capacity and modern road
construction equipments.
Declaration of the road sector as an industry
Easier external commercial borrowing norms.
Right to retain Toll Toll rates are indexed to the
wholesale price index.

38

39

Thank You For Your Time

40