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Globalizatio

n and
Education

What is Globalization?
Globalization
Used to describe the growing
integration of economics
worldwide through increases in
trade investment flows, and
technology transfer.

What Globalization is
all about?

Globalization describes the


interplay across cultures of
macro-social forces. These
forces include religion,
politics, and economics.
Globalization can erode and
universalize the
characteristics of a local

Characteristics of
Globalization that can be
linked to Education:
Educational Terms
Economic Terms
Is the increasing economic
interdependence of national
economies across the world
through a rapid increase incrossborder movement of goods, service,
technology, and capital.

Political Terms
Under globalization, politics can take place above
the state through political integration schemes
such as the European Union and through
intergovernmental organizations such as the
International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and
the World Trade Organization. Political activity can
also transcend national borders through global
movements and NGOs. Civil society organizations
act globally by forming alliances with
organizations in other countries, using global
communications systems, and lobbying
international organizations and other actors
directly, instead of working through their national
governments.

Cultural Terms
Refers to the transmission of ideas,
meanings and values across national
borders. This process is marked by the
spread of commodities and ideologies,
which become standardized around
the world. Mass consumption serves
as a facilitator between different
people and cultures around the globe
as a result of the exponential growth
of the human population.

Aspects of
Globalization

Aspects of Globalization
1. Industrial Globalization, TransNationalization
refers to the rise and expansion of
multinational and transnational enterprises

2. Financial Globalization
refers to the emergence of world wide
financial markets and better access to
external financing for corporate,, national and
sub-national borrowers

3. Political Globalization
. refers to the spread of political sphere of
interests to the regions and countries outside
the neighborhood of political actors and the
potential formation of a global citizen
movement
4. Information Globalization
. refers to the increase in information flows
between geographically remote locations
5. Cultural Globalization
. refers to the growth of cross-cultural contacts
6. Globalism
. refers to the universal internationalist impulse
that the world is connected

Implication of Global Information


Society in the Education System
Demands for widening the education access for
all.
Continuous lifelong learning
Global versus local cultural development
Creation of new educational networked
organization
Changing the educational management from
hierarchical institutions to equal distributions of
network organizations from commanding to
negotiating
Demand for more flexible and general skills

What are the Core Values and


Competencies for Global Education?
Core Values

Peace & non-violence


Social justice
Human rights
Economic well-being &
equity
Cultural integrity
Ecological balance
Democratic
participation

Core Skills and Competencies

Self-worth & self-affirmation


Affirmation & others
Cultural & racial differences
Critical thinking
Effective communication
skills
Non-violent conflict
resolution & meditation
Imagination
Effective organizing

Socio-Cultural,
Economic and Political
Issues on Globalization

1. Socio-cultural Issues
Massive migration- are changing the ways
we experience national identities and cultural
belonging
Managing difference- is becoming one of
the greatest challenges to multicultural
countries
Global changes in culture- deeply affect
educational policies, practices and institutions

2. Economic Issues
Worldwide inequality
Consistency and quality of
educational experiences remain
patchy
Secondary education in developing
countries remains quite weak
New technologies of globalization

3. Political Issues

Constraint on national/state policy


Economic coordination and exchange
Global conflict
Crime
Terrorism
Environmental issues

Conflict and
Consensus
Perspective on the
Role of Education in
Understanding
Globalization

Forces of Globalization
Taxing youth
Families
Education system

Experiences of youth will be


linked to:
Economic realities
Social processes
Technological and media innovations
Cultural flows

Roles of education
Education will need both rethinking and
restructuring if schooling is to best prepare
the children and the youth of the world to
engage globalizations new challenges,
opportunities and costs.
Education should shape the cognitive skills,
interpersonal sensibilities, and cultural
sophistication of children and youth whose
lives will be both engaged in local contexts
and responsive to larger transnational
process.

Globalization and its


Impact on Education
Needed reforms within the
educational system
The fall out of globalization

What are these


needed reforms in
education?

1. Content of Education
A. Curriculum Up-gradation- the modern
advances in information technology have
revolutionized among others, the content of
knowledge and the process of educational
transaction
B. Productivity Orientation- the basic objective of
globalization is to enhance productivity and to
make the educational system an instrument in
preparing students who can complete in the world
markets as productive members of the society.

2. The Fall out of Globalization


A. Internationalization of
education
This has become a worldwide
phenomenon because of the entry
World Trade Organization (WTO) and
the inclusion of educational services
under the General Agreement on Trade
and Services (GATS) which has given a
boost to the internationalization of
higher education.

B. Finance-related issues
. In order to be a part of global
configuration, the requirement of
funds for social services including
education win increase manifold.
C. Privatization of secondary and
higher education
. As a corollary to the suggestions
about reducing public investment in
secondary and higher education, a
plea has been made to hand over
these sectors to private bodies.

Impact on Education
It will mean or more competitive and
deregulative educational system.
With more pressure on it to assure that the
next generation of workers are prepared for
some amorphous job market of 21st century.
Educational system will increasingly provide
the sites of struggle over the meaning and
power of national identity and a national
culture.

Thats
All!!!

Group 5
Nikko Michael Garcia
Florianne Anjeanette Simbulan
Cristine Yabes
Janet Tutor
Edeliza Samson