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OBSERVATIO

N
AND
DESCRIPTION

A. OBSERVATION (Taking notice) is a


complete and accurate awareness by an
individual
of
his
surroundings
and
encompasses the use of all of our major
senses to register and recognize its
operational and/or intelligence significance.
B. DESCRIPTION is the actual and
factual reporting of ones own observations
or the reported sensory experience
recounted by another.


The only way you become aware of
anything is through your senses.

Psychologist estimate that


approximately:
85% of your knowledge is gathered
through sight
- 13% through hearing
- 2% through the three (3) senses:
1. taste
2. touch
3. smell (combined)

COUNT THE FS

Feature films are the result


of years of scientific study
combined with the
experience of years

COUNT THE FS

Feature films are the result of


years of scientific study
combined with the experience
of years

A.
ATTENTION - consists of the
psychological process involved in becoming
aware of a fact (aware of the existence of a
fact).
B.
PERCEPTION- consists of the
psychological
process
involved
in
understanding this fact of awareness.
through
understanding (smell of a flower, you can
guess the name of the flower.

c. REPORT
- used in two (2)
senses:
a. The first in the psychological
process involved in identifying by name in
ones own mind some facts which has been
perceived.
b. Report - narrate of what you
perceived/identified.

A. INVOLUNTARY (least reliable) - in it,


you have no control and it requires no effort.
NOTE: Give example looking the
window of the store, suddenly hears a
car collided with another car.
B. VOLUNTARY ATTENTION this type is
more reliable but not nearly as dependable
as habitual.
NOTE: Explain example Assume
that someone is required to listen to a
lecture concerning a subject in which
he is not interested.

C.
HABITUAL ATTENTION an
attention which is distinguished by little
effort with a maximum of control
most
reliable
NOTE: Explain example A
student who is interested to a certain
subject

1. Size (Normal to abnormal size)


2. Change (from silence to noise)
3. Repetition (shots is fired in every one
minute
4. Striking Quality (to attract attention
wearing of clothes)
5. Interest (interest in some objects
sexy women
6. Organic Condition (organic condition
of the observer)
- observers should have the
excellent condition of his physical faculties.

1. Size (Normal to abnormal size)


2. Change (from silence to noise)
3. Repetition (shots is fired in every one
minute
4. Striking Quality (to attract attention
wearing of clothes)
5. Interest (interest in some objects
sexy women
6. Organic Condition (organic condition
of the observer)
- observers should have the
excellent condition of his physical faculties.

1. MENTAL CAPACITY - one must have


enough intelligence to understand the
meanings of a fact before he can perceived it.
Example:
A child brought to a
movie couldnt fully understand story due to
his/her mental ability to understand.
2. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
3. EMPERICAL BACKGROUND - one
has acquired by experience throughout his
life.
4. OCCUPATIONAL BACKGROUND

1.
VOCABULARYwords which an
individual finds to express himself.
2.
TIME LAG accurate reporting
depends entirely on timeless.
Delay in
reporting results in un conscious omission of
detail
3.
RECURRENCE
OF
SIMILAR
INCIDENT- Investigator investigates similar
incidents.

4hrs
MEMORY RETENTION

3hrs

Make notes on
things that are
difficult to remember

2hrs
1hr

100%

75%

50%

25%

MEMORY
has bearing in
evaluation of Information
refer to a
complex group of mental functions and states
of awareness that are concerned with the
storing of experience and its reappearance in
consciousness or its utilization in subsequent
activity.
Types of : 1.
Sensory that of
learning
repetition.
2. Intellectual higher
evaluation

Function of : 1. Storing information


systematic filing.
2. Recollection returning to
conscious
memory that which has been
stored.
How recollection may be brought about:
1. Recall process of reproducing a past
experience.
2. Recognition process of identifying a
perception as having been
experienced at some time in the
past.

One of the most important fundamentals of


memory and memory training must be the
creation of interest.
Object itself and the interest aroused by this
object are of great importance to memory
also
Means of Reception:
1. Eye Minded
2. Ear Minded
3. Motor Minded
Motor involves touch, smell and state

Suggestion to improve memory:


1. You must intend (or want) to remember
2. Develop the confidence to remember do
not let your memory remain dormant
3. Carefully observe and concentrate all your
attention on the subject to be remembered.
4. Develop the strongest possible motive for
remembering any particular fact.
5. Try to understand clearly the meaning of
which is to be particular fact.
6.
You must be able to visualize, when
possible, the fact to be remembered.

Suggestion to improve memory:


7. Remember by repetition a good
policy to over learn allowing the memory
trace or impression the chance to set.
8.
Remember everything new by
connecting it with something that you already
know.

1. Law of
2. Law of
3.
Law
nearness of
relationship.

Similarity
Contrast
of propinquity implies that
place, time or some other