You are on page 1of 15
Dressings and Bandages
Dressings and Bandages
Dressings Dressings  Sterile covering placed over wound or injured part  Used to control bleeding,

Dressings

Dressings

Sterile covering placed over wound or injured part

Used to control bleeding, absorb blood and secretions, prevent infection and ease pain

Dressings are held in place with tape or a bandage

Dressings Dressings  Sterile covering placed over wound or injured part  Used to control bleeding,
Dressings  Types of materials  Gauze pads in a variety of sizes  Compresses with

Dressings

Types of materials

Gauze pads in a variety of sizes Compresses with thick absorbent material Avoid fluff cotton because loose cotton fibers may contaminate the wound Handkerchief or pillowcase may be used in emergency

Dressings  Types of materials  Gauze pads in a variety of sizes  Compresses with
Bandages Bandages  Materials used to hold dressings in place, to secure splints and to support

Bandages

Bandages

Materials used to hold dressings in place, to secure splints and to support and protect body parts

Apply snugly enough to control bleeding and prevent movement of dressing, but not so tightly that they interfere with circulation

Bandages Bandages  Materials used to hold dressings in place, to secure splints and to support
Bandages  Types of materials  Roller gauze bandages  Come in variety of widths 

Bandages

Types of materials

Roller gauze bandages

Come in variety of widths Common ones are 1-, 2-, and 3-inch widths

Used to hold dressings in place on almost any part of the body

Bandages  Types of materials  Roller gauze bandages  Come in variety of widths 
Bandages  Triangular bandages  Used to secure dressings on head/scalp or as a sling 

Bandages

Triangular bandages

Used to secure dressings on head/scalp or as a sling

At times used as covering for large body part such as hand, foot or shoulder

Elastic bandages

Readily conform or mold to injured part

Can be hazardous if applied too tightly or stretched during application because they can cut off or constrict circulation

Used to provide support or stimulate circulation

Bandages  Triangular bandages  Used to secure dressings on head/scalp or as a sling 
Applying Dressings Applying dressings  Obtain correct size: should be large enough to extend at least

Applying Dressings

Applying dressings

Obtain correct size: should be large enough to extend at least 1 inch beyond edges of wound

Prevent infection by avoiding contamination of dressing

Open package taking care not to touch or handle sterile dressing with your fingers

Applying Dressings Applying dressings  Obtain correct size: should be large enough to extend at least
Applying Dressings  Pick up dressing with pinching action so you handle only one side or

Applying Dressings

Pick up dressing with pinching action so you handle only one side or outside of dressing

Place dressing on wound with untouched side against wound

Secure dressing in place with tape or bandage wrap

Applying Dressings  Pick up dressing with pinching action so you handle only one side or
Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods of wrapping bandages  Several methods are used  Method used

Methods of Wrapping Bandages

Methods of wrapping bandages Several methods are used

Method used depends on body part involved

Methods of Wrapping Bandages Methods of wrapping bandages  Several methods are used  Method used
Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Circular bandage  Frequently used to hold dressings on body parts

Methods of Wrapping Bandages

Circular bandage

Frequently used to hold dressings on body parts such as arms, legs, chest or abdomen

Triangular bandage folded down to form strip of bandage or cravat

Strips of cloth or gauze bandage can also be used

Example – pressure bandage

Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Circular bandage  Frequently used to hold dressings on body parts
Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Spiral wrap bandage  Used to hold dressings in place on

Methods of Wrapping Bandages

Spiral wrap bandage

Used to hold dressings in place on arm or leg or used to provide support to a limb

Spiral wrap is started at bottom of limb and moves up in direction of blood flow to the heart

Spiral motion is used to encircle the limb and the bandage is overlapped about one-half its width on each turn

At top of limb or stopping point, end with one or two circular wraps around limb

Secure end with tape, pins or clips

Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Spiral wrap bandage  Used to hold dressings in place on
Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Figure eight wrap  Used to hold bandages or provide support

Methods of Wrapping Bandages

Figure eight wrap

Used to hold bandages or provide support to joints such as ankle or wrist

Elastic bandage is used if support is provided Anchor bandage on instep of foot

Make one or two circular turns around instep of foot

Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Figure eight wrap  Used to hold bandages or provide support
Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Form a figure eight  Carry bandage up over foot in

Methods of Wrapping Bandages

Form a figure eight

Carry bandage up over foot in diagonal direction Wrap bandage around back of ankle Come down over top of the foot Circle under the instep

Repeat figure eight pattern while moving downward and backward toward heel with each successive turn Overlap previous turn by one-half to two-thirds width of bandage End by circling ankle with one or two circular turns Secure in place with tape, clips or pins

Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Form a figure eight  Carry bandage up over foot in
Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Recurrent wrap to finger  Used to hold dressing or splint

Methods of Wrapping Bandages

Recurrent wrap to finger

Used to hold dressing or splint on finger Fold bandage backward and forward over finger three to four times to form a recurrent wrap

Start at bottom of finger and use spiral wrap up and down the finger to hold recurrent wraps in position

Use a figure eight around the wrist to hold bandage in place

End with one or two circular wraps around the wrist

Tie, tape or pin bandage at the wrist

Methods of Wrapping Bandages  Recurrent wrap to finger  Used to hold dressing or splint
Checkpoints for Circulation Checkpoints for circulation  Important to check circulation after bandage applied to make

Checkpoints for Circulation

Checkpoints for circulation

Important to check circulation after bandage applied to make sure bandage is not too tight

Signs of poor or impaired circulation

Swelling or edema Pale or cyanotic color Coldness to touch Numbness or tingling

Poor or slow return to pink color after nailbeds are blanched

Loosen bandages immediately if any signs of impaired circulation are noted

Checkpoints for Circulation Checkpoints for circulation  Important to check circulation after bandage applied to make

Related Interests