You are on page 1of 62

WATER COOLING SYSTEM

The water cooling system for a slow speed diesel engine


consists of two separate circuits: one for cooling the
cylinder jackets, cylinder heads and turboblowers; the
other for piston cooling. A separate piston cooling system
is used to prevent any possibility of contamination from
piston cooling glands.
The jacket cooling system is a closed circuit. Water passing
from the engine returns through a cooler to the circulating
pump and then to the engine. A header or expansion tank
is placed at a sufficient height to allow the venting and
water make-up in the system. This has connection from the
engine discharge and to the pump suction line. A heater is
included with by-pass to warm the engine prior to starting
by circulating hot water.

The water cooling system for a slow speed diesel engine


consists of two separate circuits: one for cooling the
c_______ j________, cylinder _______ and t_____b______; the
other for p______ cooling. A separate piston cooling system
is used to prevent any possibility of contamination from
piston cooling g_____.
The jacket cooling system is a closed c______. Water
passing from the engine returns through a c______ to the
c_________ p_______ and then to the engine. A h_______ or
expansion tank is placed at a sufficient height to allow the
v________ and water make-up in the system. This has
connection from the engine d________ and to the pump
s________ line. A h_______ is included with by-pass to warm
the engine p______ to starting by circulating hot water.

The water cooling system for a slow speed diesel engine


consists of two separate circuits: one for cooling the
_________, __________ and ___________; the other for
piston cooling.
A separate piston cooling system is used to prevent any
possibility of contamination from __________.
The jacket cooling system is a __________.
Water passing from the engine returns through a cooler
to ________________and then __________.
A header or ___________ is placed at a sufficient height
to allow the venting and water ______________.
This has connection from _____________ and to the pump
suction line.
A heater is included with by-pass to ___________prior to
starting _________________.

Water enters at the lower end of the jackets, passing up


to the cylinder covers and then to the exhaust valve
cages, if these are fitted. Some water is taken from the
discharge and passed through the turbo-charger turbine
cooling spaces, before returning to the main discharge.
The piston cooling system pump draws from the supply
(or drain) tank passing water to the piston cooler and
then to the engine piston distribution manifold. The
return from these flows by gravity to the supply tank.
Arrangements may also be included for the return of any
leakage from the glands. This must first pass through an
oil separator and inspection tank. A steam coil is fitted in
the piston cooling water supply tank for preparing the
engine for sea.

Water ________ at the lower end of the jackets, __________


up to the cylinder covers and then to the exhaust valve
cages, if these are fitted. Some water is taken from the
discharge and _________ through the turbo-charger turbine
cooling spaces, before _________ to the main discharge.

The piston cooling system pump ________from the supply


(or drain) tank _________ water to the piston cooler and
then to the engine piston distribution manifold. The return
from these _________ by gravity to the supply tank.

Arrangements may also be _________ for the return of any


leakage from the glands. This must first _________ through
an oil separator and inspection tank. A steam coil is
_________ in the piston cooling water supply tank for
_________ the engine for sea.

Water enters at the lower end of the jackets, passing up


to the __________ and then to the exhaust valve ________,
if these are fitted. Some water is taken from the
discharge and passed through the turbo-charger turbine
__________, before returning to the __________ discharge.
The piston __________ pump draws from the supply (or
__________) tank passing water to the __________ and then
to the engine piston distribution __________.
The return from these flows by __________ to the supply
tank.
__________ may also be included for the return of any
leakage from the __________.
This must first pass through an oil __________ and
inspection tank.
A steam __________ is fitted in the _____ _____ _______
_________ for preparing the engine for sea.

Water enters at the lower end of the jackets, passing up


to the cylinder covers and then __________ , if these are
fitted.
Some water is taken from the discharge and passed
through ______________, before returning to the main
discharge.
The piston cooling system pump draws from the supply
(or drain) tank passing __________ and then to the engine
piston __________.
The return from these flows by gravity ______________.
Arrangements may also be included for __________ of any
leakage from __________.
This must first pass __________ and __________.
A steam coil is fitted in the piston cooling water supply
tank for _________________.

All fresh water coolers are circulated with the salt (or
raw) water and have by-pass valve fitted. Thermostatic
valves are provided to regulate the flow of either the
fresh water or sea water and so control the temperature
of water passing through the engine. Fresh water
pressure should always be greater than that of the salt
water to prevent any possibility of salt water entering
the engine system. To reduce the corrosive action and
inhibit the formation of scale deposit in the system it is
usual to provide some form of water treatment.
Both jacket and piston cooling systems must have
alarms fitted to give warning of loss in pressure, high or
low tank level or, in some cases, excess of temperature.
On most engines the fresh water and sea water pumps
are both of the centrifugal type. They may be engine
driven or they may be separately driven by
electricmotors.

All fresh water c_______are circulated with the salt (or raw) water
and have b______ fitted. Thermostatic valves are provided to
regulate the flow of either the fresh water or _________ and so
control the temperature of water passing through the engine. Fresh
water p_________ should always be greater than that of the salt
water to p_________ any possibility of salt water entering the
engine system. To reduce the corrosive action and i_________ the
formation of s_______ d_______ in the system it is usual to provide
some form of water t__________.
Both jacket and piston cooling systems must have alarms fitted to
give w_________ of loss in pressure, high or low tank l_________ or, in
some cases, e__________ of temperature.
On most engines the fresh water and sea water pumps are both of
the c__________ t__________.
They may be engine d__________ or they may be separately driven
by e____________.

All fresh water coolers are circulated with the salt (or raw)
water and have __________.
Thermostatic valves are provided to _________ either __________
or __________ and so _______________ of water passing through
the engine.
Fresh water pressure should always be greater _______________
water to prevent any possibility of salt water _______________.
To _______________ and inhibit the formation of scale deposit in
the system it is usual to provide _______________.
Both jacket and _______________ must have alarms fitted to give
warning of _______________, high or low tank level or, in some
cases, _______________ temperature.
__________________ the fresh water and sea water pumps are
both of the _____________ type.
They may be engine driven or they may be _______________.

Which parts of the diesel engine require cooling ?


Why is cooling necessary ?
How is cooling for a slow speed diesel engine carried out ?
When is a cooling system said to be of a closed type ?
Why is the water cooling system fitted with a header tank ?
What is the purpose of the heater ?
Is the water for piston cooling also drawn from the header
tank ?
Is the sea water the primary cooling medium in the
system ?
What are the thermostatic valves provided for ?
Why must cooling water be adequately treated ?
What alarms should the cooling system be supplied with ?
What are the fresh and sea water pumps driven by ?

II.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

f.

Match the statements in column A with the right terms listed at random
in column B:
A
Acessory that adjust the engine
cooling water to a constant
operating temperature.
Sleeve of soft material used
to secure a tight packing
on a piston.
A unit that transfers heat from
one fluid to another, as from
water or oil to water or air.
A container connected to an
engine cooling system, generally
at the highest point, partly filled
with water for venting and make
up.
A device used to remove water and
other impurities from lubricating and
fuel oils.
A turbine driven air compressor
powered by the exhaust gas.

B
DRAIN TANK
2. HEADER
3. HEATER
4. HEAT EXCHANGER
5. GLAND
6. THERMOMETER
7. THERMOSTAT
8. TURBO-BLOWER
9. DISTRIBUTION MANIFOLD
10.OIL SEPARATOR
1.

III.
a.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
b.
c.

Study the Fig.14.2. showing a main engine cooling system:


Make a list of the main components:
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
___________________________
Describe the function of each of the components.
Explain the method of cooling shown in the diagram.

PROVIDE - Glagol provide jedan je od najeih glagola u tehnikim


tekstovima:

Thermostatic valves are provided


to regulate the flow of either the
fresh water or the sea water.
To reduce the corrosive action and
inhibit the formation of scale
deposits in the system it is usual
to provide some form of water
treatment.
In order to compensate for air
which may become dissolved in
the water and released when
heated, an open tank is provided
at the height above the highest
point of the system.

U sistemu hlaenja su postavljeni


(ugraeni, instalirani, nalaze se)
termostatski ventili radi
reguliranja protoka slatke ili
morske vode.
Da bi se smanjilo djelovanje
korozije i sprijeilo stvaranje
kamenca u sistemu, obino postoji
(se vri) neka vrsta obrade vode.
Da bi se nadomjestio zrak koji
moe biti otopljen u vodi i isputen
kada se zagrije, na visini iznad
najvie toke sistema (hlaenja)
nalazi se (ugraen je, montiran je,
instaliran je) otvoreni tank.

Glagol provide moe se zamijeniti sa there is , to fit, to


mount, to build in, to install, to supply, npr:
1.

2.

a) There are thermostatic valves to regulate the flow of either the sea or the fresh water.
b) Thermostatic valves are fitted (supplied, mounted, placed, installed, built in) to
regulate the flow of either the fresh or the sea water.
a) in the systems, there is some form of water treatment.
b) it is usual to install (fit) some form of water treatment.

3.

a) and released when heated, there is an open tank at the height above
b) and released when heated, an open tank is fitted (mounted, installed, built in,
placed) at the height above...

Te zamjene (there is, fit, mount, install, build in, supply) odgovaraju naim glagolima nalazi(e) se,
postoji(e), ugraditi, montirati, instalirati, postaviti.

Glagol provide najee je u pasivnom obliku i oznaava postojanje ili poloaj neeg. Osim toga
glagol provide esto znai i dati, pruiti, osigurati, (give, offer, ensure):

1.

Automatic sprinkler system provides the highest level of safety on board.

2.

Automatski sprinkler-sistem prua (daje) najveu sigurnost na brodu.

Slino je i sa imenicom provision:

The provision of a
water treatment
system was urgent.

Provision must be
made for a new
water treatment
system. (kolokacija
make provision
for).

Bilo je hitno ugraditi


(montirati, postaviti)
sistem obrade vode.

Mora se postaviti
(osigurati) novi sistem
obrade vode.

I.

Rearrange these sentences using the verb provide. Make also necessary changes.

Ex. There are doors on the cylinder casing, through which the water spaces may be
cleaned and inspected when overhauling the engine.
Doors are provided on the cylinder casing, through which the water spaces may
be cleaned and inspected when overhauling the engine.

1.

These manufacturers supply the piston rings which can be run in quickly.

2.

Modern medium-speed engines are turbocharged.

3.
4.

There is a control bore in the cylinder cover to enable possible gas leakage to be
detected between the two parts of the cover.
The new maintenance system ensures higher reliability and lower costs.

5.

On most engines sea water and fresh water pumps are fitted.

6.

This design is termed the coctailshaker, the motion of the oil offering extremely
good heat transfer.

7.

In the cylinder head there is an indicator for measuring the cylinder pressure.
The cylinder cover-insert is fitted with the necessary bore holes to accommodate the
valves.

8.

II.

Translate into English using the verb provide:

1.

Na ulasku u cirkulacionu pumpu nalazi se filter


goriva.
Ovaj brod prua najbolje uvjete ivota posadi.
Na jednom kraju klackalice nalazi se vijak za
podeavanje zranosti ventila.
Ugradnjom manometra pritisak se moe stalno
kontrolirati.
Veina srednjehodnih dizel motora izvedena je s
direktnim prekretanjem.
Na glavi cilindra montiran je i ventil uputnog
zraka.
Da bi se leaj zatitio od korozije oni imaju tanki
sloj indija ili olova.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

1. HEAT SOURCES

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases
1/3 = lost for cooling / absorbed by metallic walls of the combustion
chamber.

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases
1/3 = lost for cooling / absorbed by metallic walls of the combustion
chamber.

3. OVERHEATING

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases
1/3 = lost for cooling / absorbed by metallic walls of the combustion
chamber.

3. OVERHEATING
Breakdown of L.O. film

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases
1/3 = lost for cooling / absorbed by metallic walls of the combustion
chamber.

3. OVERHEATING
Breakdown of L.O. film
Loss in material strenght

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases
1/3 = lost for cooling / absorbed by metallic walls of the combustion
chamber.

3. OVERHEATING
Breakdown of L.O. film
Loss in material strenght
Excessive stresses due to unequal temperatures

1. HEAT SOURCES
Burning of fuel
Heat developed by compression of air
Frictional heat

2. HEAT DISTRIBUTION
1/3 = converted into useful work ( transferred into mechanical energy /
BHP.
1/3 = lost as exhaust gases
1/3 = lost for cooling / absorbed by metallic walls of the combustion
chamber.

3. OVERHEATING
Breakdown of L.O. film
Loss in material strenght
Excessive stresses due to unequal temperatures
Faliure to maintain proper clearances between running parts.

4. COOLANTS

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE


5.1 The temperature should be kept as high as possible.

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE


5.1 The temperature should be kept as high as possible.
5.2 If to high, it will cause boiling of water and formation of scale
deposits ( incrustration )

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE


5.1 The temperature should be kept as high as possible.
5.2 If to high, it will cause boiling of water and formation of scale
deposits ( incrustration )
5.3 If to low, it will lead to condensation of combustion gases on the
liner surfaces.

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE


5.1 The temperature should be kept as high as possible.
5.2 If to high, it will cause boiling of water and formation of scale
deposits ( incrustration )
5.3 If to low, it will lead to condensation of combustion gases on the
liner surfaces.
5.3.1 Product of condensation may:

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE


5.1 The temperature should be kept as high as possible.
5.2 If to high, it will cause boiling of water and formation of scale
deposits ( incrustration )
5.3 If to low, it will lead to condensation of combustion gases on the
liner surfaces.
5.3.1 Product of condensation may:
contain acids causing corrosion

4. COOLANTS
Fresh water
Luboil

5. COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE


5.1 The temperature should be kept as high as possible.
5.2 If to high, it will cause boiling of water and formation of scale
deposits ( incrustration )
5.3 If to low, it will lead to condensation of combustion gases on the
liner surfaces.
5.3.1 Product of condensation may:
contain acids causing corrosion
cause so called cold sludge in the L.O. increasing wear in
all moving parts

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.
Narrow spaces are chemically cleaned.

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.
Narrow spaces are chemically cleaned.
Limestone deposits can be cleaned with acid solution.

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.
Narrow spaces are chemically cleaned.
Limestone deposits can be cleaned with acid solution.

7. WATER COOLING SYSTEMS

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.
Narrow spaces are chemically cleaned.
Limestone deposits can be cleaned with acid solution.

7. WATER COOLING SYSTEMS


Large slow speed, two stroke engines have 2 separate closed
cooling circuits.

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.
Narrow spaces are chemically cleaned.
Limestone deposits can be cleaned with acid solution.

7. WATER COOLING SYSTEMS


Large slow speed, two stroke engines have 2 separate closed
cooling circuits.
A header or expansion tank allows venting of the system. The
header has connections from engine discharge & pump suction line.

6. COOLING WATER TREATMENT & CONSEQUENCES


If the cooling water is not properly treated, the closed cooling
systems may undergo fouling, formation of deposits ( preventing or
disturbing the heat transfer ). The deposit consists of loose sludge and
solid particles.
Removal: mechanically ( first brushed or rinsed off with water ) or
chemically.
Narrow spaces are chemically cleaned.
Limestone deposits can be cleaned with acid solution.

7. WATER COOLING SYSTEMS


Large slow speed, two stroke engines have 2 separate closed
cooling circuits.
A header or expansion tank allows venting of the system. The
header has connections from engine discharge & pump suction line.
A heater is fitted with by pass to warm the engine when necessary.

Cylinder jacket system

Cylinder jacket system


Water lower end of the jacket cylinder cover exhaust valve cages
turbocharger turbine cooling spaces air separator main
discharge.

Cylinder jacket system


Water lower end of the jacket cylinder cover exhaust valve cages
turbocharger turbine cooling spaces air separator main
discharge.
The piston cooling system

Cylinder jacket system


Water lower end of the jacket cylinder cover exhaust valve cages
turbocharger turbine cooling spaces air separator main
discharge.
The piston cooling system
Water piston cooling tank piston water cooler piston cooling
connections return by gravity to supply tank