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MECHATRONICS

AN INTRODUCTION

SHIVAJI CHOUDHURY
MECHATRONICS
 YASAKAWA ELECTRIC,JAPAN, INTRODUCED THE TERM
“MECHATRONIC” IN 1969.

 INITIALLY MECHATRONICS REFFERED TO SYSTEM WITH


ONLY MECHANICAL SYSTEM AND ELECTRICAL
COMPONENTS , NO COMPUTATION WAS INVOLVED .

 EXAMPLE INCLUDE THE AUTOMATIC SLIDING


DOOR,VENDING MACHINE,GARAGE DOOR OPENER.
WHAT IS MECHATRONICS ?
 MECHATRNICS IS SYNERGISTIC INTEGRATION OF
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
,ELECTRONICS,CONTROL AND COMPUTER.ALL
INTEGRATED THROUGH THE DESIGN PROCESS.

 EXAMPLE- -ROBOT,PHOTOCOPIER,DISK DRIVE.


MECHATRONICS
BENEFITS OF MECHATRONICS
 ENHANCED FEATURED AND FUCTIONALITY.
 MORE USER FRIENDLY
 PRECISION CONTROL
 MORE EFFICIENT
 LOWER COST.
 FLEXIBLE DESIGN( REPROGRAMABLE)
 SAFE
 SMALLER
EXAMPLES
1. PRIMARILY MECHANICAL PRODUCTS WITH
ELECTRONICS INCORPORATED TO ENHANCE
FUNCTIONALITY e g. NUMERICAL
CONTROLLED MACHINES TOOLS.

3. TRADITIONAL MECHANICAL SYSTEM WITH


SIGNIFICANTLY UPDATED INTERNAL DEVICES
INCORPORATING ELECTRONICS e g THE
MORDEN SEWING MACHINE.
TRUE MECHATRONICS
1. THE PRODUCTS DESIGNED WITH
MECHANICAL AND ELECTRONICS
TECHNOLOGIES THROUGH SYNERGITIC
INTEGRATION e g PHOTOCOPIER MACHINE.

3. WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF


MICROPROCESSORS BY INTEL,INTEGRATION
OF COMPUTATIONAL SYSTEMS WITH
MECHANICAL SYSTEM BECOME PRACTICAL.

5. THE MICROPROCESSOR IS THE HEART OF


MORDEN MECHATRONICS AND SMART
PRODUCTS
PHEONIX ON MARS
AN EXAMPLE OF MECHATRONICS
ROBOTS IN MANUFACTURING
MECHATRONICS SYSTEM COMPONENTS

ELECTRONICS
MECHANICAL SYSTEM INPUT SIGNAL
CONDITIONING
ACTUATORS SENSORS AND INTERFACING
ACTUATOR SENSORS

ELECTRONICS
CONTROL SYSTEM
OUTPUT SIGNAL
SIGNAL DIGITAL CONTROL
DISPLAY
DISPLAY OUTPUT
& INTERFACING ARCHITECTURES
ACTUTORS

1. SOLENOID
2. VOICE COIL
3. MOTOR
4. STEPPER MOTORS
5. SERVOMOTORS
6. HYDROAULICS
7. PNEUMATICS
SENSORS

 SWITCHES

 STRAIN GAUGE

 POTENTIAOMETER

 THERMOCOUPLE

 PHOTOELECTRIC(VISION)

 DIGITAL ENCODER
ELECTRONICS
OUTPUT- DISPLAYS
1. TFT
2. CRT
3. LED
4. LCD
DIGITAL CONTROL SYSTEM
 PLC.
 MICROPROCESSOR.
 LOGIC CIRCUITS.
 CONTROL
ALGORITHMS.
THANKS