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New Age Firm Infrastructure

Categories of IT?
Different types of IT result in different kinds of
organizational change when they are
implemented

Three categories of IT
1. Function IT (FIT): IT that assists with the
execution of tasks (Simulator, spreadsheets,
statistical software etc.)
2. Network IT (NIT): IT that facilitates interactions
(e-mail, instant messaging, wikis, blogs etc.)
3. Enterprise IT (EIT): IT that specifies business
processes. ( ERP, CRM and SCM etc.)

Incredible scale advantages of


the SMAC-stack powered Wikipedia.
14 year old Wikipedia
vs
249 year old Encyclopedia Britannica

Significant displacement occurring as a result of the


proper implementation of SMAC stack technologies.

got SMACed by
new technology
wave

Today is not the digitization of products, but the digitization


(and resulting virtualization) of entire business models.

SMAC as a Technology Stack


When selecting a book on Amazon, buyers are
presented with recommendations,
based on analytics and very sophisticated algorithms.

Once chosen,
the book is served up from the cloud to a mobile
reader of choice.

Afterwards, if so motivated,
the buyer can then recommend the book to their
social network.

A new master corporate IT architecture

The SMAC Stack: 10 billion computers,


1,800 exabytes of data
The Internet Era: 1 billion computers,
54.5 exabytes of data
The Client/Server Era: 100 million
computers, 15.8 exabytes of data

The Minicomputer Era: 10 million computers,


2.6 exabytes of data
The Mainframe Era: 100,000 computers

SMAC Stack: Driving Exponential


Growth in Computing Devices and Data
According to multiple estimates, by 2020:
The SMAC stack will represent $5 trillion in
spending.
As many as 100 billion computing devices will
be connected to the Web.
Corporations will be managing 50 times the
data currently managed.

Technologies which will have


larger impact
Virtualization
Web 2.0 (now.Web 3.0)
Cloud computing

Virtualization

Linux

Vista

Windows 95

Hypervisor
Save Hardware Cost and Footprint
Take Advantage of Operating System Services
Maintain Legacy Applications
(e.g. Windows 95 and Vista).
Increase System Security

Examples of Hypervisors:
VMware ESX / ESXi
Hyper-V
Xen server
Fusion

Examples of Web 2.0


Blogging
Forums
Wikis
Social Networks
Folksonomy (Del.icio.us is an Example of a Site that Uses
a Folksonomy to Organize Bookmarks)
RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
Mashup (Aggregates data from more than one source)
Collaborative Software

Web 1.0,Web 2.0, Web 3.0: Evolution


Web 1.0 (1990-2000): Static HTML pages viewed
through browser, one-way broadcasting, you can
only Read and content is created by Web coders.
Web 2.0 (2000-2010): Web treated as a platform,
dynamic 2D portals with more interactivity. You can
Read and Contribute. Content is created by
everyone. Web 2.0 is a social change (not techno)
Web 3.0 (2010- 2020): Web 3.0 will be driven by
technological changes, 3D portals, Semantic Web is about the meaning of information.

What is Cloud

Computing?

What are Cloud based Services?


Rent a Car Service
No Buying the Car
No Car Parking Lot Deposits
No Hiring the Driver

Cloud Computing
No Buying of IT Equipment / Licenses
(CAPEX)
No DC Build / DC Co-Location
Charges
No IT Sustenance Staff

Car Maintenance managed by Periodic Drills, Patch Management


done by
No Insurance
No Dedicated Capacity for N+1
Redundancy
No Accident Repairs
Risk of IT Infrastructure failure passed
to Provider.
No Worries of Depreciation
and Re-Sale Value

No Depreciation and IT Infrastructure


Refresh issues

Pay Per Hours / KM of Usage

Pay Per Transaction / Hours of Usage

Cloud Computing
Term cloud is used as a metaphor for Internet
Evolved over a period of time
Roots traced back to ASP in the 1990s
Concept generally incorporates combinations of
the following
Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)
Platform as a service (PaaS)
Software as a service(SaaS)

Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is way of managing large numbers of highly
virtualized resources such that from a management
perspective, they resemble a single large resource. This can
then be used to deliver services.

Cloud Anatomy

Application Services(services on demand)


Gmail, Google Calender
Payroll, IBM Lotus Live etc.
Platform Services (resources on demand)
Middleware, Intergration, Messaging, Information,
connectivity etc
IBM Virtual images, Google Appengine
Infrastructure as services(physical assets as services)

Case Study - Cloud Computing In Wipro


Problem Statement

Implementation

More than 50 Wipro Innovation


Center of Excellence (CoE)
across multiple locations raising
requests for hardware resources
Delays in Provisioning Hardware
Ineffective Utilization of
Operations Staff
Central Management of Infras.
Tracking of Assets
Analysis Done

Implemented virtual cloud


infrastructure with high-end servers,
storage & virtual tape library in 3
locations
Identification & Implementation of
changes in processes for
procurement, operations & support
Roadmap to enhance the services for
the future needs like High Availability,
Dynamic Scalability

Key Outcomes
80% of h/w resources were for
Reduce the server provisioning time to
generic compute / storage
a few hours
capacity
Procurement of physical servers
80% of the support requests
were to install / reinstall / update reduced by 30% and achieved cost
saving - Rs.90 Lakhs
the servers for project with

Case
As the show was
based on social
issues, it was
expected that a
large amount of
information would
be required to be
collected.

First show on female foeticide gathered 14 million


responses from all sources.

Case

Indian TV show
used
Big Data to inspire
the world
Using Big Data for
Governance
Impact

Perfect example how Big Data


can be used to deliver maximum
impact on society.

1,249,440,319 Connections
14,972,514 Responses
9,319,034 Community
members

Case: Satyamev Jayate


The show created 14 million responses and more than
1 billion impression over the web.
Persistent systems (1000 people) was given the task of
analyzing the messages generated from social media.
Data could come from different format from verity of
sources, such as Facebook, Twitter, Websites, SMS
polls, messages and phone calls (different languages).

____________________________________

Rajasthan High Court has agreed to set up a fast track


courts in Jaypur to resolve cases on female foeticide.
The Lok Sabha passed a chilled protection bill, which
was pending for a long time.

Big Data@AADHAAR
Aadhaar is a 12 digit individual identification number

Aadhaars enrolment module processes about 1 million


enrolment every day.
Each enrolment packet per resident is about 5MB
Aaadhaar system has enrolled 40 crore residents already
and system storage is about 1500TB in one data center
Same data is replicated across to UIDAIs second data
center having a total of more than 3000TB of data.
The data is expected to grow to about 10-12 PB when
entire country is covered.

An Instrumented Interconnected World


35 billion RFID
15+ TBs

tags today
(1.3B in 2005)

of tweet data
every day

4.6
billion
camera
phones
world wide

? TBs of

data every day

100s of
millions
of GPS
enabled
devices
sold
annually

2+
billion

30+ TBs of
log data
every day

90 million smart
meters in 2012
200M by 2015

people on
the Web
by end
2011
2013

What is true value Big Data?


Healthcare: one million people who use mobile health
applications to transmit data related to their heart rate,
pulse rate and blood pressure to predict the occurrence of
heart disease in people.
Police Department: Analyzing crime related data and
uses these insight to predict more accurately where
crimes likely to occur.
Ford: collected data from sensors installed in 4 million
cars to understand car performance in diff environment
Walmart: to track social media mentions to better tailor its
product offering.

What Makes it Big Data?


SOCIAL

BLOG

SMART
METER

VOLUME

VELOCITY

VARIETY

Entering the Zettabyte Age


1 Kilobyte
1 megabyte
1 gigabyte
1 terabyte
1 petabyte
1 exabyte
1 zettabyte

.
1,000 byte
1,000,000
1,000,000,000
1,000,000,000,000
1,000,000,000,000,000
1,000,000,000,000,000,000
1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
37

Data volume is growing exponentially


Estimated Global Data
Volume:
2012: 1.8 ZB
2015: 7.9 ZB

The world's information


doubles every two years
Over the next 10 years:
The number of servers
worldwide will grow by 10x
Amount of information
managed by enterprise data
centers will grow by 50x
Number of files enterprise
Source: center handle will grow
data
http://www.emc.com/leadership/programs/digital-universe.htm,
which 75x
was based on the 2011 IDC Digital Universe Study
38
by

Big Data: The Next Big Thing


Advanced analytic and visualization techniques are being
used on datasets to uncover hidden patterns and
unknown correlations for effective decision making.
Social media analytics, sentiment analysis and
behavioural analysis are the upcoming Big Data analytics
services.
The NASSCOM-CRISIL study shows that ;The Big
Data industry is expected to cross USD 15 billion in 2014,
and around USD 25 billion by 2015
India has an early mover advantage in creating a robust
Big Data workforce, and meeting this shortfall.

Applications for Big Data Analytics


Smarter Healthcare

Multi-channel
sales

Finance

Log Analysis

Homeland Security

Traffic Control

Telecom

Search Quality

Fraud and Risk

Retail: Churn, NBO

Manufacturing

Trading Analytics