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The Renaissance

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REALLY???

SRSLY, BRUH!

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Ren
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Defined: Rebirth
A rebirth of what?
Learning, Education,

Art, Music, Science, and


much more!
Important to note:

*** The Focus was on MAN ***

Humanism
A Focus on Mans capacities
Renaissance did not completely ignore
God
But many believed that man was
essentially Good
Humanities: Liberal Arts History,
Science, Grammar, Literature, and
Philosophy

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Ren
ais

Began in Florence, Italy


Italy: Controlled trade routes

with Middle East


$$$
Used their wealth to commission
Artists
Patrons
Medici Family
Lorenzo de Medici Magnificent

I. Thought and Literature

Francesco Petrarch

Poet
Baldassare Castiglione
Etiquette
Niccolo Machiavelli
Diplomat; Philosopher

Humanist Writers

Erasmus Translated

N.T. into Greek


Thomas More Wrote
of ideal state
Cervantes Don
Quixote
William Shakespeare
Playwright; Poet

II. Early Italian Painters


A. Giotto di Bondone (Giotto) 3D
Paintings; Struggled with Perspective

B. Masaccio

Shading added
realism in 3D
Paintings

C. Botticelli
Movement added
emotion and
realism to his
paintings

III. High Renaissance Painters


A. Leonardo Da Vinci
Sculpture, Architect,
Painter, musician, poet, and
inventor. He studied:
anatomy, botany, geology,
astronomy, engineering,
and mathematics.

B. Raphael
Emphasized Peace and
Joy in life Religious
Short life, but much
accomplished

C. Michelangelo
Adopted son of
Lorenzo de Medici;
Famous Painter

IV.
Ve
n
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Pa
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rs

A. Titian
Leading Venetian
Painter. Equals with
Michelangelo.
Known for his
portraits.

B. Tintoretto
Vivid Color with
great detail.
Emphasized action
and drama

V. Northern European
Artists

A. Albrecht
Durer
Leonardo of the North; multitalented. Famous for paintings
and woodcarvings

B. Holbein
Finest Painter in Northern Europe;
official painter for Henry VIII
(England)

C. Van Eyck
Flemish Painter; used oil paints;
known for incredible detail

D. Brueghel
Known for: Realistic landscapes
and Genre Painting (Every day
life)

VI. Architects and


Sculptors

A. Lorenzo Ghiberti

Famous for his

Sculptured Doors

B. Brunelleschi

Rivals with Ghiberti; architect;


built dome of Florences
Cathedral

C. Donatello

Leading sculpture of the early

Renaissance; Florence; studied


under Brunelleschi; Realism and
Expression in art

D. Michelangelo

Same as above; Sculptor,

architect, engineer, poet.

VII.
MUSIC
Plainsong: Gregorian Chant simple, single
line melodies adopted by Catholic Church.
Most common instrument: Lute
More music composed during Renaissance
than any other previous period of history

A) Josquin Depres

Composed Church

songs and secular


songs.
Motets serious Latin
songs
Chansons
lighthearted tunes;
poetic

B) Palestrina
Giovanni Pierluigi
Over 900 songs
written
Polyphonic Music:
music with many
melodies
Prince of Music

VIII. Consequences of the Renaissance

Positive:
Encourages Questions (find knowledge)
Revived interest in Literature and Language
Developed movable type printing
Made Education Available to all
Stressed importance of the Individual responsibility

VIII. Consequences
of the Renaissance

Negative:
Weakened Moral Restraints
Secular Humanists replaced God with

Man
More focus on Classical works and less
on Beauty of God

Me and my pal Lorenzo

Painting by Leonardo da Vinci currently


worth around 300 million dollars.

The End