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Mode of entering appearance

Time limit for appearance


Default of appearance
Procedure for entering judgment in default
Setting aside judgment in default of appearance
Procedure to set aside judgment
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Mode of entering appearance

Defendant who wishes to Defend must enter


appearance

Appearance shows intention to defend and submission to the jurisdiction of the Court

Mode of entering appearance:

O12 R1 (1) ROC 2012

Def enter in person or by solicitor

O76 R6-appearance by person under disability

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Cont

O12 R 1 (3) ROC 2012

A copy to be submitted to Registry

O12 R1 (4) ROC 2012

More than one Defendant.

Memorandum of Appearance

O12 R2(2) ROC 2012-Form 11:

Signed and details

O12 R2 (3) ROC 2012

Effect of incorrect details-O12 R2 (4) ROC 2012

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Time limit for appearance

O12 R4 ROC 2012-time limited to appear:

(a)

Peninsular Malaysia

14

days after the service unless extended.

(b)

Sabah
14

& Sarawak

days after the service unless extended

Body

corporate not within jurisdiction-21


days unless extended

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Cont

(c)

O11

R4

21

days after the service unless extended

O10 R2
14

days after the service unless extended

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Cont

Cases:

Seng Loong Trading Co v Angel etc Bhd (1987)


1 MLJ 310

-local jurisdiction

Bintulu Adhesives & Chemicals Sdn Bhd v


Chuah Seah Joo Plywood Industry (Sarawak)
Sdn Bhd (2001) 2 AMR 1532
Tatchee Machinery Agency v Posan Timber
Trading Sdn Bhd (1989) 1 MLJ

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Cont.

O12 R5 ROC 2012:

(1)

defendant may not enter an appearance


after judgment has been entered except with
the leave from Court.

(2)

If

defendant enters appearance after time


limitation without leave shall not entitled to
defence.

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Cont

Cases:

Wan Mohd.Suffian b. Wan Md.Saad v MBF


Finance Berhad (2000) 1 AMR 846

Abdul

Rahim Ponniah b. Abdullah v Kulim


Intensive Driving Centre Sdn Bhd (2000) 4 AMR
4684

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O12 R 9 ROC 2012

O12 R 10 ROC 2012

appearance not to constitute as a waiver

dispute to jurisdiction

O12 R 12 ROC 2012

No appearance to OS

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Default of appearance

Plaintiff may enter judgment


against Defendant whom fail to
enter appearance:

O 13 R1-R4 & O13 R6 ROC


2012

O 19 ROC 2012 (Notice of


Application)

Cases:

Lam Kong Co Ltd v Thong


Guan Co Ltd (1985) 2 MLJ 429

Leong Seng Kiat v Khaw See


Song (1988) 2 MLJ 365
10

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Procedure for entering judgment in default


O13

R 7 (1) ROC 2012:-

(a)

Plaintiff to produces a certificate of nonappearance in Form 12

AND

(b)

filed in Affidavit of service to proof the service


or produces the writ that has been
acknowledged by Defendant.

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Cont

O10 R1 (4) ROC 2012


the

Court must be satisfied before


entering
judgment
in
default
of
appearance the writ has been duly
served, time for appearance has lapsed
and the indorsement of the service on
the writ has been duly completed.

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Cont

Rules 56 of Legal Profession (Practice and


Etiquette) Rules , 1978.

Plaintiff shall not enter judgment against Defendant whom represented


by a solicitor unless been given 7 days notice that Plaintiff intends to
obtain judgment.

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Cont

Cases:
Asia Commercial Finance v BBMB (1988) 1
MLJ 33
PL Construction Sdn Bhd v Abdullah bin
Said (1989) 1 MLJ 60
Tatchee etc v Posan Timber (1988) 1 MLJ
388
Wan Mohd Sofian b Wan Md.Saad v MBF
Finance Berhad (2000) 1 AMR 846

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Cont.

Interlocutory

Judgment in default

E.g: negligence, nuisance, breach of trust

Damages

need to be assessed

Procedure- O37 R 1 ROC 2012

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Setting aside judgment in default of appearance

Court has absolute discretion.

O13 R8 ROC 2012

Cases:
Evans

v Bartlam (1937)
A.C. 473 at p.480

Tuan

Haji Abdul Rahman v


Arab Malaysian Finance
Berhad (1996) 1 CLJ 241

Tetuan

Tan Teng Siah


Realty Sdn Bhd v Island Oil
Palm Plantation Sdn Bhd &
Anor (1997) 4 CLJ 634

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Cont

O 42 R13 ROC 2012


Defendant advised to act promptly

within 30 days after receipt of the order or the Judgment

Cases:
Ban

Huat Seng Co. Ltd v Lee Poh Soo


(1967) 1 MLJ 145
Mokhtar bin Amin v Omar bin Mat Ziki
@ Mohd Ziki (1998) 3 AMR 2524
Tian Yan Onn etc v National Holdings
Ltd (1988) 2 MLJ 669
Cheung Kong Plantations Sdn Bhd v
Malayan United Finance Bhd (2000) 3
MLJ 265
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Cont

Defence on the merits

Case:

Fira Development Sdn Bhd v Goldwin Sdn Bhd (1989)


1 MLJ 40

Regular judgment in default

Cases:
Syarikat

Joo Seng & Anor v Habib Bank Ltd (1986) 2

MLJ 129
Bank

Bumiputra Malaysia Bhd v Majlis Amanah


Raayat (1979) 1 MLJ 23

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Cont

Lai

Yoke Ngan & Anor v Chin Teck Kwee &


Anor (1997) 2 MLJ 565

Lee

Tain Tshung v Hong Leong Finance Sdn


Bhd (2000) 3 MLJ 364

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Cont

If Plaintiffs judgment is a regular


judgment, then Defendant must show
some evidence in prima facie case
defence.

Cases:

Hongkong & Shanghai


Banking Corporation v Ismail
bin Daud & Anor (1978) 2 MLJ
160

Taisho

Marine Insurance v
Wong Poo Peng (1976) 1 MLJ
78

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Dialdas & Co (Pte) Ltd v Sin


Sin & Co (1984) 2 MLJ 223
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Cont

Judgment entered for a greater sum-Defendant may apply


to set aside ; Plaintiff can apply to amend.

Cases:

Philip

Securities (Pte) v Yong Tet Miaw (1988) 3


MLJ 61
Cheow Chew Khoon v Abdul Johari (19950 1 MLJ
457
Development & Commercial Bank Berhad v
Aspatra Corporation Sdn Bhd & Anor (1996) 1
CLJ 141
Lee Tain Tshung v Hong Leong Finance Bhd
(2000) 3 MLJ 364

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Procedure to set aside judgment

Procedure for setting aside judgment:-

Summons

supported
contents of affidavit.

O13

R8 ROC 2012

O42

R13 ROC 2012

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affidavit-

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Cont

Judgment against Government

O73 R7 ROC 2012


Except

with the leave of the Court, no judgment


in default of appearance or of pleading shall be
entered against the Government in civil
proceedings against the Government or in third
party proceedings against the Government.

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