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F ( u) f ( u)

F' ( u ) f ( u ) ,

f ( u)du F ( u) C .

uu ( x ) ,

f [( x )]( x )dx F [( x )] C

F [( xf)][' (xF)]'[((xx))]dx(x ) f f([u)(du

x )]( x )

u ( x )

f (u)

u ( x )

(
)

f [ ( x )] ( x )dx f (u )du u ( x )

g( x )dx

f [ ( x)] ( x)dx, f (u )du

1 sin 2 xdx.

1
1
sinudu
sin 2 xdx sin 2 x( 2 x )'dx
2
2
u 2 x

1
cos 2 x C ;
2
sin 2 xdx 2 sin x cos xdx

2 sinx(sinx )' d x 2 udu sin x C ;


2

u sinx

sin 2 xdx 2 sin x cos xdx

2 cos xd (cos x ) cos x C .


2

1
2
dx.
3 2x

1
1
1

( 3 2 x ),
3 2x 2 3 2x

1
1
1
dx
( 3 2 x )dx

3 2x
2 3 2x
1 1
1
du
ln 3 2 x C .
2 u u 3 2 x 2

1
f ( ax b)dx f (u )du u ax b
a

(a x b) dx ( m 1).
m

: = 1 u m du

u ax b

1 1 m 1
u
C

a m 1
1

(ax b) m 1 C
a (m 1)

1
dx .
2x 3 2x 1

2x 3 2x 1
dx
2 x 3 2 x 1 2 x 3 2 x 1

1
1
2 x 3dx 2 x 1dx
4
4
1
1
2 x 3d ( 2 x 3) 2 x 1d ( 2 x 1)
8
8
1
1
3
3
2 x 3 2 x 1 C .
12
12

1
x(1 2 ln x )dx .
1
1
x(1 2 ln x )dx 1 2 ln xd (ln x )

1
1

d (1 2 ln x )
2 1 2 ln x
u 1 2 ln x
1 1
1
1
du ln u C ln 1 2ln x C .
2 u
2
2
1

f (lnx) x d x f (lnx) dlnx

x
6
(1 x )3 dx .
x
x 11
dx
dx

3
3
(1 x )
(1 x )
1
1
[

]d (1 x )
2
3
(1 x ) (1 x )
1
1

C1
C2
2
1 x
2(1 x )
1
1

C.
2
1 x 2(1 x )

1
7 2
dx .
2
a x
1
1
dx 2
2
2
a x
a
1

a

2d
x
1
a
dx

1
2 dx
x
1 2
a
x
1
x
arctan C .
a
a
a

a2 x2
x)
d
(
dx
dx
a

: 2
2
2
x )2
x
1

(
a x
a 1 (a)
a
x
arcsin C
a

1
dx .
9 2
x 8 x 25
1
1
2
dx
dx
2
x 8 x 25
( x 4) 9
1
1
1
1
2
dx
2
3 x 4
3 x 4

1
3
3
1
x4
arctan
C.
3
3

x 4
d

2
3
1

1
dx .
10
x
1 e
1
1 ex ex
dx
dx

x
x
1 e
1 e
x
x
e

e
dx
dx dx
1
x
x
1 e
1 e

1
x
dx
d
(
1

e
)
x
1 e
x ln(1 e x ) C .

1
x

1
x

1
11
(1 x 2 )e dx .

1
1

x 1 2 ,
x
x

1
(1 2 )e
x
e

1
x

dx

1
d(x ) e
x

1
x

C.

dx
12
.
10
x ( x 1)
dx
x 9d x

10 10
10
x ( x 1)
x ( x 1)

10

1
du

10 u( u 1) u x

dx
10
10
x ( x 1)

10

1
x 10
ln 10
C
10 x 1

1
1
n 1
f (x ) d x f (x ) n d x n
x
n
x
n

10

e3

13
dx .

2 3
3 x
: 2 e d x e
3
=
2 3 x
e
C
3

d(3 x )

6
14
sec
xdx .

2
2
2
d
tan
: (tan x 1) sec x d x
=
(tan 4 x 2 tan 2 x 1) dtan x

2 3
1 5
tan x tan x tan x C
3
5

15 sin 2 x cos 5 xdx .

sin x cos xdx sin x cos xd (sin x )


sin 2 x (1 sin 2 x )2 d (sin x )
(sin 2 x 2 sin 4 x sin 6 x )d (sin x )

1 3
2 5
1 7
sin x sin x sin x C .
3
5
7

16 sec x tan xdx


3

17 cos 3 x cos 2 xdx .

1
cos A cos B [cos( A B ) cos( A B )],
2
1
cos 3 x cos 2 x (cos x cos 5 x ),
2
1
cos 3 x cos 2 xdx 2 (cos x cos 5 x )dx
1
1
sin x sin 5 x C .
2
10

18
sin x cos 3x dx .

: sin 2 x cos 2 3 x [ 12 (sin 4 x sin 2 x)]2


2

14 sin 2 4 x 14 2 sin 4 x sin 2 x 14 sin 2 2 x

1 (1 cos 8 x )
8
1
4

sin 2 2 x cos 2 x 18 (1 cos 4 x)

1 cos 8 x d(8 x )
d
x

64

12

1 cos 4 x d( 4 x )
sin
2
x
d
(sin
2
x
)

32
2

1 x 1 sin 8 x
4
64

3
1
6 sin 2 x

1 sin 4 x C
32

19 csc xdx .

1
sin x
csc xdx
dx 2 dx
sin x
sin x
1

d (cos x )
u cos x
2
1 cos x
1 1
1
1


du
du
2
2 1 u 1 u
1 u
1 1 u
1 1 cos x
ln
C ln
C.
2 1 u
2 1 cos x

1
1
csc xdx
dx
dx
x
x
sin x
2 sin cos
2
2
1
x
1
x

d
d tan

2
x
2
x
x
2

tan
tan cos
2
2
2
x
ln tan C ln cscx cotx C .
2

secxdx ln secx tanx C .

20

dx .

x
4 x arcsin
2
1
1
x
dx
d
2
x
2
x 2
x
4 x arcsin
1 arcsin
2
2
2
1

x
x

d (arcsin ) ln arcsin C .
x
2
2
arcsin
2

21 f (sin 2 x ) cos 2 x ,

f '(u )du f (u ) C.

f ( x)

u sin 2 x

cos x 1 u,
2

f ( u ) 1 u ,

1 2
f ( u) 1 u du u u C ,
2
1 2
f ( x) x x C .
2

22

f ( x) f ( x) f ( x)

f
(
x
)

f
( x)

d x.

f ( x)
f ( x) f ( x)
1
f ( x)
f 2 ( x)

dx

f ( x) f 2 ( x) f ( x) f ( x)

dx
2
f ( x)
f ( x)

f ( x)
f ( x)

d(
)
f ( x) f ( x)

1 f (x) 2
= [ '
] +C
2 f ( x)


2 f ( x ),

f ( x) dx f [ (t )] (t ) d t t

( x)

t 1 ( x ) x ( t ) .

: f [( t )] ( t ) ( t ) ,

F ( x) [ 1 ( x) ]
d dt
1
F ( x )
f [ ( t )] ( t )
,
dt dx
( t )

f [ (t )] f ( x ).

f [ ( x)] ( x)dx f (u )du

u (x)

f (u )d u

f [( x )] ( x )d x x 1 (u )

23
:

a x dx ( a 0) .
2

x a sin t , t ( 2 , 2 ) ,
2

a x a a sin t a cos t
( asint )' acost

a
t

2
2

a
cos
t

a
cos
t
d
t

a
cos

t d t a2 x2
2 t sin 2t
C
a
2
4
x a2 x2
sin 2t 2 sin t cos t 2
a
a
a2
x 1

arcsin x a 2 x 2 C
2
a 2

1
24
x 2 a 2 dx (a 0).

x a tan t ( atant )' asec tdt t ,


2 2
2

1
1
2
dx

a
sec
tdt

2
2
a sec t
x a

sec tdt ln sec t tan t C


x
ln
a

x a
C .
a

x2 a2
t

x
a

1
25
x 2 a 2 dx (a 0).
x a sec t

t 0,

dx a sec t tan tdt

1
dx
2
2
x a

a sec t tan t
a tan t dt

x
x2 a2
ln
C.
a
a

x
t

x2 a2
a

26 x

4 x dx .

x 2 sin t

dx 2 cos tdt

4 x dx 2 sin t
2

t ,
2 2

4 4 sin 2 t 2 cos tdt

32 sin t cos tdt 32 sin t (1 cos t ) cos tdt


3

32 (cos 2 t cos 4 t )d cos t


1 3 1 5
32( cos t cos t ) C
3
5
4
1
2 3
2 5

4 x
4 x C.
3
5

2
t

4 x2

(1) .
.

x a sin t ;
(1)
a2 x2

( 2)

a x

x a tan t ;

( 3)

x2 a2

x a sec t .

(2)
.
2

ch t sh t 1
x asht ,

x a ch t

1
dx

x, asht dx achtdt
2
2
x a
1
a
ch
t
x 2 a 2 dx acht dt dt t C
x
x

arsh C ln
a
a

x2 a2
C .
a

(3)

1
dx .
27
x
1 e

t 1 e x e x t 2 1,

2t
x ln t 1 , dx 2
dt ,
t 1
1
1
1
2

dx 2 dt

dt
x
1 e
t 1
t 1 t 1
2

t 1
ln
C 2 ln 1 e x 1 x C .
t 1

(16)

(17 )
(18)

secxdx ln secx tanx C ;

(19)

cscxdx ln cscx cotx C ;

tanxdx ln cosx C ;

cotxdx ln sinx C ;

1
1
x
( 20) 2
dx arctan C ;
2
a x
a
a

1
1
xa
( 21) 2
dx
ln
C;
2
2a x a
x a

1
1
ax
( 22) 2
dx
ln
C;
2
2a a x
a x

( 23)
( 24)

1
x
dx arcsin C ;
2
2
a
a x
1
x2 a2

dx ln x x 2 a 2 C .


P279
4(1)(2)(8)(11)(14)(17)(21)(25)

(2)


p
(
x
ln
x
)
(ln x 1)dx .


d ( x ln x ) (1 ln x )dx

( x ln x ) p (ln x 1)dx ( x ln x ) p d ( x ln x )
( x ln x ) p1
C,

p1
ln( x ln x ) C ,

p 1
p 1