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AIR PROPERTIES

MOISTURE CONTE
OMETRY
PSYCHR
ndastudy
science

HUMIDITY EFFECT
NTROL METHODS

0METRY
PYSCHR
ATIONS
APPLIC

cotton cellulos sugar chemic


paper e wood burned alsfertilizer
lime

CaO

0METRY
PYSCHR
ATIONS
APPLIC

energy usage
exhaust relative
humidity
Condensation

relative
drying rate
humidity

0METRY
PYSCHR
ATIONS
APPLIC
relative
humidity

relative humidity
below 75%

METRIC
PSYCHRO
ESSES
PROC

PHYSICAL THERMODYNAMI
RTIES
PROPE
dry bulb

wet

humiditenthalpdensity

METRIC
PSYCHRO
RT
CHA
graphical
psychrometric
presentation processes of a

rapid estimates of conditio

visualization of process operat

heat load or cooling load calcula

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Dry bulb
temperatures(D
vertical
lines
increas
es from
left to
Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Wet-bulb
temperature (WB
diagona
ls
increas
es from
left to
Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Relative Humidi
curves
extending
from the
lower
left to
RH reduces
the
fromupper
left
right
towards
right
Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Saturation Curv
extreme left
curve along
the shoe
RH of 100%
Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Dew Point (DP


Temperature

Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

depends on
the moisture
content
constant
moisture lines
are also
constant DP

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Moisture Conte
water vapor
present in the
air
gram per kg
of dry air
vertical scale
located
towards the
Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Total Enthalpy
of the Air
sensible heat
and the latent
heat
lines extend

Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

from the
enthalpy
scale down

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME

Specific Volum
of the Air
important
parameter
lines start

Source: http://www.powerknot.com/how-to-read-and-use-

from the
saturation
curve and
drop down

TRIC CHART
PSYCHROME
plots temperature
Grosvenor Chart
(abscissa) against humidity
(ordinate)
plot of enthalpy (abscissa)
Bowen Chart
against humidity (ordinate)

Mollier Chart

plots humidity (abscissa)


against enthalpy (lones sloping
diagonally from top left to
tricky to plot and read, but covers a much
bottom
right)
wider range
of humidity
than do other

alen-Soininen Chart

types of chart and is thus very effective


for high humidity mixtures and

PSYCHROMETR
IC PROCESSES
Sensible Cooling
of the Air

Source: http://www.cibsejournal.com/cpd/modules/2009-

only the sensible


heat of the air is
removed so as to
reduce its
notemperature
change in the
moisture content
(kg/kg of dry air) of

PSYCHROMETR
IC PROCESSES

Sensible Heating
of the Air
important when the
air conditioner is
used as the heat
pump
to
heat
the
air
air is heated by passing it
over the condenser coil or
the heating coil that carry

Source: http://www.cibsejournal.com/cpd/modules/2009-

PSYCHROMETR
IC PROCESSES

Cooling and
Humidification Proce
most commonly used
air conditioning
application
for
the
moisture is added to the air
cooling
purposes
by passing it over the
stream or spray of water
which is at temperature
Source:

PSYCHROMETR
IC PROCESSES

Heating and
Humidification Proce
dry bulb temperature as
well as the humidity of
the
air
increases
carried out by passing the

Source:

air over spray of water,


which is maintained at
temperature higher than

PSYCHROMETR
IC PROCESSES

Cooling and
Dehumidification Proc
air is cooled sensibly
and at the same time
the
moisture
is
removed
obtained when the air at
from
it
the given dry bulb and dew
point (DP) temperature is
cooled below the dew point
Source:

PSYCHROMETR
IC PROCESSES

Heating and
Dehumidification Proc
air is heated and at the
same time moisture is
removed
from
it
obtained by passing the air

Source:

over certain chemicals like


alumina and molecular
sieves

MPERATURE AIR QUALITY


HUMIDITY DISTRIBUTIO
ITIONING
AIR COND
air treat
ing
process
be
controlled
factors
to

ITIONING
AIR COND
ATIONS
APPLIC

Human
comfort
promoti

Mainten
ance of
proper

Mainten
ance of
worker

COMFORT
FACTORS TING
AFFEC

temper
humidit
ature
air
y
radiant
velocity
clothing
heat
work
noise
intensity

CONDITIONING
INDUSTRIAL
AIR

must be designed according


to their intended use

dustrial Buildings

OURCES
ODOR
S

OCCUPANTSCOO
KING
How To
Counter

OTHERS

DILUTION
Introducing fresh air or purified
recirculated air to reduce odor

INDUSTRIAL
RCON
AI SYSTEM
INANTS
CONTAM

harmful
vapor
vironmental gas

dust

fumes

INDUSTRIAL
RCON
AI SYSTEM
CONTROL
CONTAMINANT
By exhaust systems at
the source

Exhaust
systems
necessary
to introduce

sufficient fresh air into


the air-conditioned area
to make up for that

INDUSTRIAL
RCON
AI SYSTEM
CONTROL
CONTAMINANT
By dilution ventilation
contaminant comes
from widely dispersed
points where
not appropriate
large volumes of
are
notcontaminant
appropriate where
released
the employees must
work near the

INDUSTRIAL
RCON
AI SYSTEM
CONTROL
CONTAMINANT
Exhaust
should
be high
Stacks
enough to
adequately
dispense the
contaminated
air and to
prevent

INDUSTRIAL
RCON
AI SYSTEM
INANTS
CONTAM

minant
emission rate
ethods of reducing
conta

Filtering
Scrubbi
ngCatalytic
Incineration
Oxidation

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Air-conditioning
Systemforces a mixture of

fresh outdoor air and


room air through a
series of devices
*to clean
the air
which
act upon
the
*to increase
or
air
decrease air
temperature
*to increase or

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Air-conditioning
Central (Field- System Unitary
Erected)

(Packaged)

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Central AirCooling Equipment
conditioning
System

Water or direct-expansion

Air Washer

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Central AirHeating Equipment
conditioning
System

Steam or hot-water coils

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Central AirHumidification
conditioning
System
Equipment

Target-type
water nozzles

Pan Humidifier

Air Washer

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Central AirAir Cleaning
conditioning
System
Equipment

Cleanable or
throwaway filters

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
Central AirCondenser
Rejected
Heat
conditioning
System
Treating Equipment

Cooling Tower

Air Cooled

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
UNITARY REFRIGERANT-BASED AIRCONDITIONING SYSTEMS

Window-mounted
air conditioners

Heat Pumps

Self Contained

ING EQUIPMENT
AIR CONDITION
EQUIPMENT SELECTION FACTORS

Degree of Degree ofInvestmen


Space
Temperatu Humidity t, owning,
requireme
re
Required
and
nts
Required
operating

Building
(new or
existing
constructi