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Root (radix)
Compiled By:
Group 1

Dian Ratna Sari


Nur Ilmi Widya Ningsih
Aditya Gamari N
Poppy anggraini
Putri Lorenza
Musdalipah

Academic Lecturer: Dr. Upik Yelianti, M.S


Biology Education Department
University Of Jambi
Plant

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RADIX (ROOT)
CHARACTERIST
ICS & TASK OF
ROOT

TYPES OF
ROOT
(BRANCH)
TYPES OF
ROOT
(FUNCTION)

PARTS OF
ROOT
DEFINITION

Plant

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definiton

Root (Radix) is one of the


most important organs in
plant. It is one of the
organum nutritivum.

Plant

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CHARACTERISTICS of
root
1. Hosted in the ground,
grows to the center of earth
(geotroph), & hidrotroph
(towards water area)
2. Has no nodes and
internodes
3. Common colours are
whitiesh or yellowish
4. Grows from the tip point
5. Common shape is tapered

ROOT
Plant

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Parts of root

1. Collum (Roots neck): A


junction part of root and
stem
2. Apex Radicis (Tip of
Root) : The meristematic
area
3. Corpus Radicis (Stem of
Root) : the area between
root neck and its tip
point
4. Radix Lateralis (Root
Branch)arised from the
main root.
5. Fibrilla radicalis (Serabut
akar): smooth divergent
of root
6. Pillus Radicalis (Root
Hair): elongation of the
outeest cell to advance
the absorption surface
7. Callyptra (Root Cap): to
protect the the youngest

Collu
m
Radix
laterali
s
Pillus
radical
is
Callyp
tra

Plant

Corpus
radicis
Fibrilla
radical
is
Apex
radicis

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Task of root
1. Strengthen the
plant
2. Absorbtion

3. Transportation

4. Food storage
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types of root
(BRANCH)
1. Radix Primaria: it has a big main root from
(Akar Lembaga) as the laying place of root hairs.
E.g. Dicotyledoneae, Gymnospermae.

Un-branched/
Less Branch, As
food storage

Ramosus
(BranchedPrimeria Root)

Plant

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Un-Branched/ Less
Branch
Fusiformis
(lance)
The
root
grows
bigger from the
basis and sharper
towards the apex,
added
by
the
fibrilla root.
E.g. Raphanus
sativus (Radish),
Daucus carota
(Carrot)

Raphanus
sativus

Daucus
carota

Plant

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Un-Branched/ Less
Branch
Napiformis(Top)
The
root
grows
bigger
and
ROUNDED from the
basis and sharper
towards the end
point of root.
E.g. Pachyrrhizus
erosus
(Bengkoang), Beta
vulgaris (Biet)

Pachyrrhizus
erosus

Beta
vulgaris

Plant

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Un-Branched/ Less
Branch
Filiformis
(Thread)
If the primeria root
is small, long
and
has
less
branch.
E.g. Phaseolus
lunatus (Kratok)
Phaseolus
lunatus

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Ramosus (BranchedPrimeria Root)


Its like a long
cone,
much
branch,
gives
more strength
so
that
the
absorption
surface
gets
larger.
E.g. Plant that is
planted from
seed.

Mangifera
indica

Plant

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2. Radix Adventitia: if the root is not arised


from the main root (Akar Lembaga). E.g.
Monocotyledoneae

Comprising Root
is like smallthread, E.g.
Oryza sativa
(Rice)

Big and Hard of


adventitia Root
E.g. Cocos
nucifera
(Coconut)

Plant

Big adventitia
root, has less
branch
E.g. Pandanus
tectorius
(Pandan)

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types of root
(function)
Air Root/
Dependent
(Radix aereus)
This root arises
from the upside
part
on
the
ground,
depending in the
air, grows toward
the ground.
E.g. Ficus
benjamina L.&
Arahnis flosaeris

Ficus Arahnis flosaeris


benjamina L.

Plant

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types of root
(function)
Sucker Root
(Haustorium)
This root live as
parasite, absorb
the water & food
from its host.
E.g: Loranthus,
Cuschuta
australia R.

Loranthu
s

Plant

Cuschuta
australia

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types of root
(function)
Piper
betle

Adhesion Root
(Radix adligans)
Arise from the
nodes, climb and
attach the host
plant.
E.g. Piper betle,
Piper nigrum L.
Piper
nigrum L.

Plant

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types of root
(function)
Siphon
Root(Circhus
radicalis)
This root climbs
the
stem
by
circling its host.
E.g. Vanilla
planifolia

Vanilla
planifolia

Plant

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types of root
(function)
Akar Napas
(Pneumatophora)
The
roots
branch
grows upright towards
the surface of ground
or water in plants
place,
has
pneumathoda or small
gap as the respiratory
way.
E.g. Bogem
(Sonneratia), Kayu Api
(Avicennia)

Kayu Api (Avicennia)

Plant

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types of root
(function)
Akar Tunjang
(Cane Root)
This root grows from
the downside of of
stem
towards
all
directions
to
strengthen the the
stem
itself(Egrang
Root).
E.g. pandan
(Pandanus tectorius),
bakau (Rhizophora
conjugata)

Rhizophora
Pandanus tectorius
conjugata

Plant

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types of root
(function)
Akar lutut(Knee
Root)
This root grows upright
then band back to the
ground, like bandy knee.
E.g. Tanjang (Bruguiera
parvifolia)
Bruguiera parvifolia

Plant

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types of root
(function)
Akar Banir
(Plank Root)
This
root
forms
sideways boards to
strengthen the stem
itself.
E.g. Sukun
(Artocarpus
communis), kenari
(Canarium commune).

Canarium commune

Plant

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Any question??

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