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Policies and Systems that promote

Social Cohesion

Roger B. Masapol
Department of Education
Philippines
Outline
1. Philippine Education System
2. Education Performance
3. Social Cohesion defined
4. PH Laws, policies and programs that
promote social cohesion
5. The K to 12 Curriculum Framework
6. Advocacies and Campaigns

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 2
Philippine Education System

Age 5 Age 6-11 Age 12-15


Age 16-17

3
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Basic Education Performance
2010 BASELINE 2016 TARGETS

NER

CSR

CR

NAT
Girls consistently outperform boys in all performance indicators
Targets for elementary enrolment rate is likely to be achieved
High proportion of secondary learners are completing the cycle than elementary learners

OPS-PPD
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Social Cohesion defined

well-being
A cohesive society works towards the

of all its members, fights exclusion and

marginalization, creates a sense of


belonging, promotes trust, and offers
its members the opportunity of upward

mobility.
Source: OECD

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 5
Components of Social Cohesion

Social Inclusion Social Capital


Social
Cohesion

Social Mobility

Source: OECD
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 6
DepEd: a Cohesive Organization

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 7
Well defined roles and responsibilities
Mission: To protect and promote the right of every Filipino to
quality, equitable, culture-based, and complete basic
education:
Key Players Role Responsiblities
Students Rights Learn in a child-friendly, gender-sensitive,
Holder safe, and motivating environment

Teachers Duty Bearer Facilitate learning and constantly nurture


every learner
Administrators Duty Bearer As stewards of the institution, ensure an
and staff enabling and supportive environment for
effective learning to happen
Family, Duty Bearer Are actively engaged and share
community, and responsibility for developing life-long
other stakeholders learners

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 8
DepEd: a Cohesive Organization

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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
PH Laws that promote Social Cohesion
Improving Access to Education
Free Public Secondary Education Act., 1988
Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private
Education (GASTPE) Act, 1989
The Magna Carta for Disabled Persons, 1992
The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997
An Act Providing for the Magna Carta of Women, 2008
Improving Quality of Education Improving Education
Governance
Kindergarten Education Act, Education Act of 1982
2012 An Act Providing for an
Early Years Act of 2013 Organic Act for the ARMM,
Enhanced Basic Education 1989
Act of 2013 Governance of Basic 10
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Policies that promote Social Cohesion

Grassroots Participatory Budgeting


(GPB)

To make the To encourage Local To deepen


National Budget Governments to democracy and
more Responsive implement Reforms empower
Citizens

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Policies that promote Social Cohesion
Civil Society Participation in the Budget Process

Benefits:
Transparency
Full Disclosure
Accountability
Responsive Budget
Minimized Fraud
Ownership of
Outcomes by the
community

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Policies and practices that promote
Social Cohesion

Public-Private Partnership
(PPP) Strategy

Report Card

Information Systems

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DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Education Policies that promote social cohesion

Non-requirement of Wearing
No Collection Policy School Uniforms

Free Exercise of Religion Gender and Development


(GAD)

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 14
Child Protection Policy
BULLYING refers to willful aggressive behavior that is directed,
towards a particular victim who may be outnumbered, younger,
weak, with disability, less confident, or otherwise vulnerable.

THREATS STALKING TAKING OF PUBLIC


PROPERTY HUMILIATION

DAMAGE OF PHYSICAL DEMANDING RESTRAINING THE


SEXUAL OR LIBERTY OR
PROPERTY VIOLENCE MONETARY FREEDOM OF A
FAVORS PUPIL OR
STUDENT
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 15
Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education
(MTB-MLE)

In Kinder to Grade 3, the childs dominant language is used as


the language of learning.

Filipino and English language proficiency is developed from


Kinder to Grade 3 but very gradually.

Mother Tongue is used in instruction and learning materials of


other learning areas.

The learners retain their ethnic identity, culture, heritage and


values.

Children learn better and are more active in class and learn a
second language even faster when they are first taught in a
language they understand.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education
(MTB-MLE) Bridging Framework

A multi-literate
Filipino learner

Literate in
English
L1 and L2
Literate in
Filipino
L1

Mother Tongue

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Mother-Tongue-Based Multilingual Education

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 18
Access to Secondary Education

Muslim Indigenous Peoples


Education Education
1.16 Million Learners 1.19 Million Learners

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 19
Access to Secondary Education

Special Education Program Open High School


349 High Schools 980 schools

Alternative Delivery Modes Abot-Alam Program


75,233 learners 1.2 Million OSYs mapped

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 20
The K to 12 Basic
Education Curriculum
Framework
The K to 12 Philippine Basic Education
Curriculum Framework

CONTEXT

PHILOSOPHICAL NATURE OF NEEDS OF NATIONAL &


& LEGAL BASES THE LEARNER GLOBAL COMMUNITY
RA 10533 Enhanced Basic Has a body and spirit, intellect, Poverty reduction and human
Education Act of 2013 free will, emotions, multiple development
Kindergarten Act intelligence, learning styles Strengthening the moral fiber of
The 1987 Phil. Constitution Constructor of knowledge and the Filipino people
BP 232, Education Act of 1982 active maker of meaning, not a Development of a strong sense
RA 9155, Governance of Basic passive recipient of information of nationalism
Education Act of 2001 Development of productive
The vision, mission statements NEEDS OF citizens who contribute to the
of DepEd building of a progressive, just,
SOUTELE, 1976 THE LEARNER and humane society
The EDCOM Report of 1991 Life skills Ensuring environmental
Basic Education Sector Reform Self-actualization
sustainability
Preparation for the world of the
Agenda (BESRA) Global partnership for
The four pillars of education work, entrepreneurship, higher development
(UNESCO) education

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
K to 12 Curriculum Structure
Elementary Kinder to Grade 6

Junior
Grades 7 to 8 Grades 9 to 10
High
School (Exploratory TLE) (Specialized TLE)

Tracks
Contextualized Track Subjects
Technical
Academic Vocational Sports Arts &
Senior Track Livelihood Track Design
Core Track
High Subjects o General
Track
o Home
School Academic Economics
o Agri-
Strand
o STEM Fishery
o Industrial
o ABM
Arts
o HUMSS o ICT
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Features of the K to 12 Curriculum

learner-centered, standards- and


inclusive, and research- competence-based,
based seamless, decongested

culture-responsive and
culture-sensitive,
flexible, ICT-based,
integrative and
and global
contextualized, relevant
and responsive

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Philippine Qualifications Framework

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Contextualization and Localization

The curriculum shall be contextualized and


global;

The curriculum shall be flexible enough to


enable and allow schools to localize, indigenize
and enhance the [curriculum] based on their
respective educational and social contexts.

Sec. 10.2 (d) and (h) RA 10533 Implementing Rules and Regulations

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Advocacies and Campaigns

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 27
Thank you