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1 1 1 1 1

1 1
f ( , )dd
1 1 1
f ( , , )ddd

f( )


f(
)

n
f ( )d H i f ( i )
1

1
i 1

f(i) i Hi
n
n
(2n-1)


n=1
f() 0 1 H
=2 1
1
I f ( )d H 1 f (1 )
1

1
f ( ) C 0 C1 I f ( )d 2C0 2 f (0)
1

n=2
3 f()
f ( ) C 0 C1 C 2 2 C 3 3

1 2
I f ( )d 2C 0 C 2
1 3

2
I H i f ( i ) H 1 f (1 ) H 2 f ( 2 )
i 1

H 1 (C 0 C1 C 212 C 313 ) H 2 (C 0 C1 C 2 22 C 3 23 )

C0 C3 ( ) (f)

H1 H 2 2 H 11 H 2 2 0
2
H H
1 1
2 2
2 2 H 113 H 2 23 0
3
1
1 2 0.577,350,269,2
3

H 1 H 2 1.000,000,000,0

n n
f ( )d Ai f (i )
1

1
i 1


1 1
f ( , )dd 1 1


m
( )d H j ( j )
n 1
f ( , )d H i f ( i , ) ( )
1

1
i 1
1
j 1

m n
f ( , )dd H j H i f ( i , j )
1 1

1 1
j 1 i 1

n m
f ( , )dd H i H j f ( i , j )
1 1


1 1
i 1 j 1

n m l
f ( , , )ddd H i H j H k f ( i , j , k )
1 1 1
1 1 1
i 1 j 1 k 1

n m l

n n
f ( , )dd H i H j f ( i , j )
1 1

1 1
i 1 j 1

n n n
f ( , , )ddd H i H j H k f ( i , j , k )
1 1 1

1 1 1
i 1 j 1 k 1

n
m2n-1




n
2n-1
2n-1
n








{F}=[K]{U}
{F}---- [K]---
{U}---

{U}.

:{ }={B}{U}
:

:{}={D}{B}{U}

1
2
3
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x,y

Gauss-Legendre