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Climate is the average

weather at a given point


and time of year, over a
long period (typically 30
years).
We expect the weather to
change a lot from day to
day, but we expect the
climate to remain
relatively constant.
If the climate doesnt
remain constant, we call it
climate change.
It is a change which is
attributed directly or
indirectly to human
activity that alters the
composition of the global
atmosphere and which is
in addition to natural
climate variability
observed over
comparative time periods
Agassiz Glacier,
Montana, in
1913

and in 2005

Pasterze
Glacier,
Austria, in
1875

and in 2004
Glacier retreat

1875 2004
RISE IN SEA LEVEL

Melting ice sheets Sea level rise


2/3 of European An analysis of the At Boston's Arnold
butterfly species distributions of Arboretum, plants are
studied have shifted British birds found flowering eight days
their ranges northward that many species earlier on average than
by as much as 150 have moved north they did from 1900 to
miles. (Parmesan, 1996; by an average of 1920. (Primack et al,2004)
Parmesan et al., 1999) 18.9 km. (Thomas et
al, 1999)
An average increase in Earths temperature during the last
century
Melting of polar icepolar bears and other animals are drowning
Migrating birds are forced to change their time and place of
migration
Melting of glaciers will lead to higher sea level, which will cause
floods and put many low-elevation regions at risk of disappearing
under water
Longer summers can disrupt animal habitation
New and widespread diseases because of warm climate
Damaged crops due to sudden climate change and floods
Average precipitation increase around the world
Droughts, heat waves, extreme winters and storms, hurricanes,
typhoons
More wildfires
NATURAL CAUSES
Volcanic eruptions
Ocean currents
Earth orbital changes-
More tilt = warmer summers & colder
winters
Less tilt = cooler summers & milder
winters
Solar Variation
HUMAN CAUSES
(Anthropogenic or Man-made
causes)

Greenhouse gases
Deforestation
Coal mining
Burning of fossil fuels
Industrial processes
Agriculture
Increasing greenhouse gases trap
more heat
Deforestation
Coal Mining
Burning of Fossil Fuels
Industrial processes
Agriculture
Natural Causes Human Causes
the arctic tundra and wetlands release Increasing green house gas emissions from
methane, a greenhouse gas
burning fossil fuels-oil, coal, gas
Earth naturally has a cycle of climate
change that occurs every 40, 000 years
Pollution, smog from factories

the suns solar energy output is Large forests have been cut down (trees absorb
changing and naturally increases CO2 and pollution, deforestation creates about 6
Earths average temperature by about
billion tons of CO2 per year)
1C every century
Increasing world population-more people
Earths orbit and tilt alter in relation to
the sun, which changes solar energy requires more food, energy, transportation, etc.
output Farms animals release methane from their
Volcanic eruptions wastes.
More people also means more CO2 production
from respiration and less trees to make room for
human population
Smog and Pollution From Factories
Methane is released by
coal mining, landfills,
and by agriculture,
particularly through the
digestive processes of
beef and milk cows.
What can be done?
First we must admit that
climate change is everyones
problem. No agency,
government, or scientist can
fix it for us. We are all in this
together.
We got here because of our
lifestyle. So our lifestyle has to
change.
Heres what you can
do
Heating and Cooling
In the average home, 17% of energy is used to heat
water.

Take shorter showers.


Install low flow shower heads.
Install a blanket on your hot water
heater.
Insulate hot water pipes.
Wash laundry in cold water.
Only run the dishwasher if its full.
Fix leaky faucets
Conserve in the Car
Plan ahead do several
errands in a single trip.
Walk or bike. Its healthier
anyway.
Clean out the junk in the
trunk. Lighter cars get
better mileage.
Make sure your engine is
properly tuned.
Keep your tires properly
inflated.
Carpool or ride the school
bus.
Support public
transportation.
Conserve Electricity
Unplug chargers for cell
phones and other appliances
when not in use.
Get in the habit of turning
lights and appliances off.
Vacuum the coils on the back
of the fridge monthly.
Change to compact
fluorescent bulbs.
Make your next computer a
laptop.
Install timers or motion
sensors on outdoor lights.
Reduce waste
Recycle and buy recycled products.
Choose products that have less
packaging.
Reuse, repair, or donate.
Dont buy it unless you really need it.
Carry cloth bags when shopping.
Use a refillable travel mug or water
bottle.
Give your time instead of material
gifts, or donate
What other to ayou
ways can charity in the
cut down on waste?
recipients name.
Walk or bike instead of driving a
car
Use compact fluorescent light
bulbs as these energy-efficient
Reduce heating and air-
conditioning in your homes
Use car pools whenever possible
Buy local and seasonal produce
Put a lid on vessels when cooking
Turn off all electrical appliances
instead of putting them on
standby when not in use
Unplug electrical appliances
when fully charged
Keep the opening of fridge and
freezer doors to the minimum
Use pressure cookers as much as
possible

RENEW, RECYCLE,
REUSE

YOU HAVE A CHOICE
You can choose to
SAVE THE EARTH
Take a pledge today to adopt
the
strategies to reduce climate
change
and lets all join in the effort to
make the
earth smile again
and there may never be again. Do your part.